Alpine's double world champion Fernando Alonso lost his seventh place at the U.S. Grand Prix on Sunday after stewards upheld a protest from Formula One rivals Haas about the safety of his car.
Renault-owned Alpine, who are fighting McLaren for fourth place in the constructors' championship with prize money at stake, responded by protesting the admissibility of the Haas protest.
Haas, who are eighth and only two points clear of AlphaTauri, had objected post-race to Alonso and Red Bull's Sergio Perez, who finished fourth, being allowed to continue racing at Austin's Circuit of the Americas with loose bodywork.
Stewards rejected the protest against Red Bull but upheld the one against Alpine, dropping Alonso to 15th with a 30-second post-race penalty.
Haas had argued that Alonso's car was in an unsafe condition after a collision because the right-hand mirror, which eventually fell off, was moving around. They also made the point they had been shown a black and orange flag, requiring a driver to pit due to mechanical problems or loose bodywork, on three occasions this season.
"A car must be in a safe condition throughout a race, and in this case, Car 14 (Alonso) was not. This is a responsibility of the Alpine team," stewards said in their ruling.
Alpine said Haas had lodged their protest 24 minutes past the specified deadline, a fact acknowledged by the FIA who had said compliance was not possible, and it should not have been accepted.
"Therefore the penalty should be considered invalid. As a result of this point, the team has protested the admissibility of the original Haas F1 team protest." the team said in a statement.
Alpine would have scored six points for Alonso's seventh place but instead ended up with just one for Esteban Ocon being bumped up to 10th. Without Alonso's points, Alpine are only six clear of McLaren with three races remaining.
The Spaniard's demotion meant Haas's Danish driver Kevin Magnussen moved up from ninth to eighth, doubling his points haul from the race and sending the team two points clear of AlphaTauri.