A nationwide strike on Tuesday called by agitating farmer unions to press for repeal of the Centre's agri laws is likely to have an impact in some northern states after several trade unions extended support to it even as the farmer leaders said that no one should be forced to join the shutdown.
With almost all opposition parties too backing the 'Bharat Bandh' and many announcing parallel protests in support of the farmers, the Centre has issued an advisory directing all the states and Union Territories to tighten security and ensure peace is maintained.
The railways too asked its personnel to step up vigil saying protesters may organise rail blockades in 16 states.
Appealing to everyone to join the 'symbolic' bandh, farmer leaders said they will block key roads during their 'chakka jam' protest from 11 am to 3 pm as part of their stir, which has drawn people from northern states especially Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi since the last 12 days.
"Our bandh is different from that of political parties. It is a four-hour symbolic bandh for an ideological cause. We want that there should be no problem to the common people. We appeal to them not to travel during this period," farmer leader Rakesh Tikait said.
"We also urge shopkeepers to shut their outlets during this period," he said.
Bhartiya Kisan Ekta Sangathan president Jagjit Singh Dallewala asked farmers to maintain peace and not to try enforce the shutdown.
He said emergency services will be exempted during the bandh.
The leader also claimed the bandh will be effective across the country.
"The Modi government will have to accept our demands. We want nothing less than a withdrawal of the new farm laws," farmer leader Balbir Singh Rajewal said.
The Centre and the farmer unions are slated to hold the sixth round of talks a day after the bandh as previous discussions failed to end the deadlock.
Targeted by the opposition parties, the BJP hit back and accused them of 'shameful double standards', claiming many of them had endorsed these reforms when in power or had supported them in Parliament.
Senior Bharatiya Janata Party leader and Union minister Ravi Shankar Prasad said the opposition parties have joined the agitation in a bid to save their existence after being repeatedly rejected by people in different elections across the country.
Prasad said a section of farmers has fallen in the grip of some people with 'vested interests' and asserted that the government was working to address their misgivings about the reforms.
He appreciated the protesting farmer unions for not associating their stir with any political parties.
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath and former Maharashtra CM Devendra Fadnavis also slammed the opposition.
The agitating farmers have drawn support from various quarters including artists, sportspersons and workers' and students' groups.
Tuesday's strike could impact the transport of goods as the All India Motor Transport Congress (AIMTC), the apex body of transporters representing about 95 lakh truckers and other entities, said it will suspend operations in the entire country to support the bandh.
The Railways' two biggest unions, All India Railwaymen's Federation (AIRF) and National Federation of Indian Railwaymen (NFIR) have extended their support to the bandh and are planning to hold rallies and demonstrations in their support.
The All India Railwaymen's Federation has around nine lakh members.
They are the latest to show solidarity with the agitating farmers, who have found support from transport unions and the joint forum of trade unions like the Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC), All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC), Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) and the Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU).
Traders' body CAIT and the All India Transporters Welfare Association, however, said markets across the country including in Delhi will remain open and transport services will also remain operative.
While the Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) claims to represent around seven crore traders, AITWA said it represents 60 to 65 percent of the organised transport sector in the country.
Bank unions also said they will not participate in the Bharat Bandh on Tuesday, even as they expressed solidarity with farmers protesting against the new farm laws.
All India Bank Officers' Confederation (AIBOC) General Secretary Soumya Datta said the union has expressed its solidarity with farmers but will not be participating in the Bharat Bandh called by them.
Similarly, All India Bank Employees' Association (AIBEA) General Secretary C H Venkatachalam said union members would wear black badges while on duty, stage protest after or before working hours and display placards before bank branches to support the cause of farmers of the country, but banking operations will not be hit.
The Congress, the Nationalist Congress Party, the Trinamool Congress, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and its allies, the Telangana Rashtra Samiti, the Rashtriya Janata Dal, the Aam Aadmi Party, the Samajwadi Party and the Left are among the political parties that are backing the strike.
Bahujan Samaj Party chief Mayawati too tweeted on Monday in support of the bandh and appealed to the Centre to accept the farmers' demands.
Several of these parties have announced protest programmes for Tuesday while supporting the Bandh call by the farmer groups, who have maintained that their stir is apolitical.
While the Congress, which in power in Punjab, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Puducherry, has said it will hold protests at all district and state headquarters, the ruling Trinamool Congress on West Bengal has announced sit-ins in various areas for three days.
The TMC, however, said it will not enforce the bandh.
The Congress said the Centre would be responsible for any inconvenience caused to people during the bandh.
Its Punjab unit president Sunil Jakhar said the farmers were justified in opposing these laws and urged all sections of people and political parties to support the Bharat Bandh, blaming the government for the impasse.
The ruling Telangana Rashtra Samiti in Telangana has announced active support to the bandh.
The Odisha government announced that all its offices except essential services will be closed as public transport is expected to be affected by the shutdown.
The ruling Biju Janata Dal in the state has, however, not supported the bandh.
The Aam Aadmi Party said it will hold a peaceful demonstration in the national capital.
In the wake of the call for bandh and protests, the Union Home Ministry in its advisory to state governments and UT administrations asked them to ensure that the COVID-19 guidelines issued about health and social distancing are strictly followed.
The states and UTs were told that peace and tranquillity must be maintained during the 'Bharat bandh' and precautionary measures taken so that no untoward incident takes place anywhere in the country, a home ministry official said.
Thousands of farmers, mostly from Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, are protesting at various border points of Delhi against the new farm laws for the last 12 days.
The bandh has been called against Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020, the Farmers Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020, and The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act 2020, all of which were passed by Parliament recently.
The three farm laws enacted in September have been projected by the government as major reforms in the agriculture sector that will remove the middlemen and allow farmers to sell anywhere in the country.
However, the protesting farmers have expressed apprehension that the new laws would pave the way for eliminating the safety cushion of Minimum Support Price and do away with the mandis, leaving them at the mercy of big corporates. The Centre has repeatedly asserted that these mechanisms will remain.
Addressing a press conference, Bharatiya Janata Party leader Ravi Shankar Prasad said the Congress' manifesto for the 2019 Lok Sabha polls had promised repeal of the Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act and make agri-trade free from all restrictions.
"In 2013, Rahul Gandhi had given direction to all the chief ministers of the Congress-ruled states to delist fruits and vegetables from the APMC and allow them to sell it directly in the open market," Prasad said.
NCP chief Sharad Pawar had written as the Union agriculture minister in the United Progressive Alliance government to chief ministers strongly advocating for greater participation of the private sector in the farm sector and highlighting the need for making suitable regulatory and policy changes for that, Prasad said.
Prominent leaders including Congress president Sonia Gandhi, Pawar, Communist Party of India-Marxist general secretary Sitaram Yechury, DMK chief M K Stalin and People's Alliance of Gupkar Declaration chairman Farooq Abdullah had on Sunday issued a joint statement backing the bandh.
Meanwhile, police have increased deployment at various Delhi border points.
The Delhi Traffic Police on Monday tweeted about the closure of the Singhu, Auchandi, Piao Maniyari and Mangesh borders.
The Tikri and Jharoda borders are also closed, it said and advised alternative routes for travelling to Haryana and UP.
The National Highway-44 (NH-44) has also been closed on both sides. The Gazipur border on NH-24 is also closed for traffic from Gaziabad to Delhi.
Transport facilities, supplies of essentials like vegetables and fruits in the national capital are likely to be affected.
The Delhi Police has warned of strict action against those trying to disrupt the movement of people or 'forcibly' shut shops in the city.
Some of the taxi and cab unions, including those associated with app-based aggregators, have also decided to join the one-day strike.
Major wholesale vegetable and fruit markets in the national capital may be affected with a section of traders favouring the farmers' demands.
"I have received calls from several traders' associations for strike on Tuesday. I believe the Mandis at Ghazipur, Okhla and Narela will also be closed due to 'Bharat Bandh' called by farmers," Adil Khan, chairman of Azadapur Mandi, said.