Opposition parties, including many regional outfits, on Sunday came out in strong support of the 'Bharat bandh' on December 8 called by farmer unions which have been protesting on Delhi's borders for 11 days demanding the repeal of the Centre's new agri-marketing laws.
Prominent leaders including Congress president Sonia Gandhi, Nationalist Congress Party leader Sharad Pawar, Communist Party of India-Marxist general secretary Sitaram Yechury, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam chief M K Stalin and People's Alliance of Gupkar Declaration chairman Farooq Abdullah also issued a joint statement backing the proposed day-long strike and pressed the Centre to meet the legitimate demands of the protesters.
Claiming that their agitation has spread across the nation, farmer leaders, who have maintained that their protest is apolitical, welcomed the support and urged all to come forward to make Tuesday's Bharat Bandh a success.
After five rounds of talks between the Centre and the farmer unions failed to end the impasse, the two sides are again set to meet on December 9, a day after the countrywide strike.
"This agitation is not only of Punjab farmers but is of the entire nation. We are going to strengthen our agitation and it has already spread across the nation," farmer leader Baldev Singh Yadav said at a press conference.
"Since the government was not able to deal with us properly, we gave a call for Bharat Bandh," he said and appealed to everyone to make sure that the bandh remains peaceful.
"We won't let anyone turn it violent and would take strict action against them. We request everyone to be part of the bandh," he said.
During the bandh, shops and businesses will remain shut. Ambulances and other emergency services will be exempted, farmer leaders said.
The Congress, the NCP, the Shiv Sena, the Telangana Rashtra Samiti, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, the Samajwadi Party and the Aam Aadmi Party joined the Trinamool Congress, the Rashtriya Janata Dal and the Left parties in supporting the strike call.
NCP chief and former union agriculture minister Sharad Pawar warned the Centre that if the deadlock continues, the agitation will not be limited to Delhi and people from across the country will stand by the protesting farmers.
Pawar is scheduled to meet President Ram Nath Kovind on December 9 over the ongoing farmers' protest, his party said.
Expressing the Congress' 'wholehearted' support to the strike call, party spokesperson Pawan Khera said it will hold protests that day at all district and state headquarters in solidarity with the demands of the farmers.
India's first Olympic medallist in boxing and party leader Vijender Singh threatened to return his Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award if the central government does not withdraw the farm laws. Several sportspersons from Punjab and Haryana have also said that they will return their awards.
TRS president and Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao said the party rank and file would actively participate in the bandh to ensure it was a success, according to an official statement.
Rao justified the support, stating that the farmers are legally agitating against the farm bills enacted in September and recalled his party's opposition to the legislation in Parliament.
In their joint statement, Sonia Gandhi and other opposition leaders said they extend 'solidarity with the ongoing massive struggle by the Indian farmers' and their call for a Bharat Bandh on December 8 demanding the withdrawal of these 'retrograde' Agri-laws and the Electricity Amendment Bill.
Also among the signatories were RJD's Tejashwi Yadav, Samajwadi Party chief Akhilesh Yadav, Communist Party of India general secretary D Raja, general secretary of Communist Party of India-Marxist Leninist Dipankar Bhattacharya, All India Forward Bloc general secretary Debabrata Biswas and Manoj Bhattacharya, the general secretary of Revolutionary Socialist Party.
These laws 'threaten India's food security, destroy Indian agriculture and our farmers, lay the basis for the abolishment of the minimum support price (MSP) and mortgage Indian agriculture and our markets to the caprices of multi-national agri-business corporates and domestic corporates', the statement alleged.
The leaders said the central government must adhere to the democratic processes and norms and 'meet the legitimate demands of our Kisans-Annadatas'.
Several regional outfits also issued joint statements in states like Assam and Tamil Nadu backing the bandh call.
In Tamil Nadu, Stalin, Tamil Nadu Congress Committee chief K S Alagiri, Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam founder Vaiko and Left leaders, among other DMK allies, said the ongoing protest by farmers was growing every day and drawing global attention.
The DMK chief had led a state-wide protest on Saturday against the farm laws.
The grouping appealed to farmer unions, traders' bodies, government employees' associations, labour unions and others in the state to extend 'grand support' to the bandh and make it a success on Tuesday.
Actor Kamal Haasan's Makkal Needhi Maiam also extended support to the protest by farmers.
Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said that all Aam Aadmi Party workers across the country will join the nationwide strike and appealed to all citizens to support the farmers.
'The Aam Aadmi Party fully supports the 'Bharat Bandh' call made by farmers on December 8. AAP workers across the country will support it peacefully. There is an appeal to all countrymen that everyone should support the farmers and participate in it,' Kejriwal tweeted.
AAP leader and Delhi Environment Minister Gopal Rai said volunteers and workers will participate in the strike to support the farmers.
The All India United Democratic Front along with other opposition parties in Assam too joined the chorus supporting the strike.
Ruling BJP's ally Asom Gana Parishad (AGP) extended support to the farmers, but refrained from joining hands for the nationwide shutdown.
Pawar, whose NCP is part of the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance, said farmers from Punjab and Haryana contribute the most to the country's agriculture and food supply.
"I hope wisdom dawns on the government and it takes cognisance to resolve the issue. If this stalemate continues, the protest will not be limited to Delhi, but people from nook and corner of the country will stand by the protesting farmers," he said in Mumbai.
In Maharashtra, the ruling Shiv Sena too came out in support like its allies Congress and the NCP.
"Shiv Sena president and CM Uddhav Thackeray is against the central laws which are anti-farmer and anti-labour. We support the Bharat bandh," Rajya Sabha MP Anil Desai told PTI on Sunday night.
Another former BJP ally, the Shiromani Akali Dal, which had snapped ties with the saffron party over the farm laws, appealed to Punjabis to support the bandh.
SAD chief Sukhbir Singh Badal said his party would work assiduously alongside the peasantry to ensure repeal of the new agri-marketing laws.
In a statement, Badal said it was unfortunate that the central government was 'dragging its feet' and 'deliberately delaying' in taking a decision on the demands of the farmer organisations.
The ruling TMC in West Bengal had on Saturday extended 'moral support' to the December 8 nationwide strike and said it would stage sit-ins in various areas for three days.
The Left parties -- CPI-M, CPI, CPI-ML, RSP and AIFB -- had made the announcement in a joint statement.
In Patna, opposition parties led by RJD's Tejashwi Yadav had on Saturday protested against the farmers' bill.
The joint forum of trade unions that has supported the farmers' stir includes Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC), All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC), Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS), Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU), All India United Trade Union Centre (AIUTUC) and Trade Union Co-ordination Centre (TUCC).
The Karnataka Rajya Raitha Sangha, a farmers' body, said it will join the 'non-violent' protest on Tuesday.
Thousands of farmers, mostly from Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, are protesting at various border points of Delhi for 11 days against the new farm laws.
The Centre's offer to amend the contentious laws failed to cut ice with the farmer groups during the fifth round of talks on Saturday.
Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar, after the talks, renewed his appeal to the farmers to end the stir and assured them that the Modi government remains committed to farmers' interests.
He requested farmer unions to send the elderly, women and children back to their homes from protest due to cold weather.
Senior BJP leader and former Union minister Shahnawaz Hussain on Sunday expressed hope of an early resolution and said his party has full sympathy with the agitating peasantry.
He, however, claimed the farmers are being 'misled' by some vested interests.
The three farm laws enacted in September have been projected by the government as major reforms in the agriculture sector that will remove the middlemen and allow farmers to sell anywhere in the country.
However, the protesting farmers have expressed apprehension that the new laws would pave the way for eliminating the safety cushion of minimum support price and do away with the mandis, leaving them at the mercy of big corporates.
The Centre has repeatedly asserted that these mechanisms will remain.