Asserting that India now has a decisive leadership to handle the country's myriad challenges, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday announced the creation of the post of chief of defence staff, vowed to fulfil aspirations of people of Jammu and Kashmir, called for checking the 'population explosion' and renewed his push for 'one nation, one election'.
In his first Independence Day address to the nation in his second term from the ramparts of Red Fort, Modi pitched the abrogation of Article 370 as a step towards 'one nation, one Constitution', saying a new approach was needed as the provisions granting special status for Jammu and Kashmir failed to yield desired results in 70 years and that every possible effort will be made to develop the region.
As a slew of significant announcements like the promise to provide piped drinking water to every household across the country marked his nearly 95-minute speech, the prime minister said his government in the second term will work towards fulfilling the people's aspirations and dreams after meeting their needs in the last five years.
Modi said a massive Rs 100 lakh crore will be spent on developing infrastructure that will help in achieving the target of nearly doubling the size of the Indian economy to $ 5 trillion in the next five years.
In a major military reform, the prime minister said the country will now have a Chief of Defence Staff that will ensure synergy among the three services and provide effective leadership to them.
"Our government has decided to have a Chief of Defence Staff- CDS. It will help all three services to walk together as the country can no longer afford to work in silos," Modi said, adding India has to keep pace with the changing world.
A high-level committee set up to examine the gaps in the country's security system in the wake of the Kargil war in 1999 had called for appointment of a Chief of Defence Staff as a single-point military adviser to the Defence Minister.
In his sixth consecutive Independence Day address, Modi also touched upon a host of other issues including tackling cross-border terrorism, corruption, poverty, ensuring ease of living, banning single-use plastic, curbing use of fertilizers and water conservation.
With his government facing criticism for increasing taxes on the affluent class, Modi sought to assuage them, saying those creating wealth must be respected as wealth distribution can happen only when wealth is created.
Wearing a white kurta and a colourful safa, the prime minister referred to the Bharatiya Janata Party's big win in the general election and said his government's return to power showed as to how despair had given way to hope with people believing that the country can change for the better after seeing his dispensation's first five years of work.
He unveiled the 'Jal Jivan' mission under which his government will spend Rs 3.5 lakh crore to provide piped drinking water to all households.
Modi said the BJP-led government worked to fulfil the common man's needs and especially targeted the welfare of rural India, farmers, backwards, Dalits and Tribals.
He then added, "But time changes. If the 2014-19 period was about fulfilling people's needs, then the time after 2019 (polls) is about meeting their aspirations and dreams.
“We have prepared a blueprint keeping in mind how India should be in the 21st century... and are taking steps towards it."
He said within a short span of 10 weeks, his government in its second term took series of major decisions including revocation of Article 370, strengthening anti-terror laws, reforming medical education and legislation against triple talaq, emphasising that it is not shying away from taking bold moves.
Rejecting criticism on the government's decisions on Jammu and Kashmir, Modi wondered why those speaking in support of Article 370 kept it as a temporary provision for 70 years after introducing it.
"If it was so essential and life-changing, if you had the conviction, then for 70 years, why did it remain temporary, why did you not use your large mandates to make it permanent?" Modi questioned, adding his government is determined to ensure all-round development of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.
"One nation, one Constitution has become a reality and our nation is proud of it," he said and referred to Parliament clearing legislations relating to the decisions with a two-third majority, to buttress his point that majority of lawmakers wanted it.
"Our government does not delay decisions. We neither nurse problems nor keep them festering," he said on Article 370.
Referring to the law against triple talaq, he said it should not be seen through political prism.
"If we can take steps against 'Sati' custom, female foeticide, child marriage and dowry, then why not against instant triple talaq," he said.
The prime minister said that the interest of the country was paramount for him not his political future.
In a clear reference to Pakistan, Modi said those who support, protect and export terrorism must be exposed. He said India is not the only target of terrorism in the region. Countries like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan have also been affected.
The prime minister also greeted Afghanistan which is all set to commemorate 100 years of its independence on August 19.
Raising the issue of simultaneous polls for Lok Sabha and assemblies, he said discussions should now be held on 'one-nation one-election' as it is imperative to make the country ‘great’.
Talking about making people's lives easier, he said his priority was to ensure 'ease of living' with government having minimal role in people's lives.
"Let our people have the freedom of pursuing their own aspirations, let the right eco-system be made in this regard," he said.
On Goods and Services Tax, he said it brought to life the dream of 'one nation, one tax'.
Voicing concern over ‘population explosion’, the prime minister said it leads to many difficulties and there was need for the Centre as well as state governments to launch schemes to tackle it.
Keeping one's families small is an act of patriotism and those who do so deserve our respect and need to be felicitated, he said.
"Population explosion has been occurring at an unrestrained pace. This population explosion is creating innumerable challenges for us and the coming generations," the prime minister said.
Modi said the country has entered an era where it does not need to hide its problems and asserted that the time had come to face challenges head on.
Taking decisions by keeping in mind ‘political profits and losses’ causes more problems for coming generations, he said.
Modi led the BJP to a historic victory with 303 seats out 543 in Lok Sabha compared to 282 in 2014 general election.
The PM said that corruption has infested the lives of people in the country like termites and the Union government, with the continuous help of technology, is taking various steps to get rid of it.
"My dear countrymen, you know it very well that corruption and nepotism have hurt our country beyond imagination and they have infiltrated our lives like termites. We are trying continuously to throw them out," Modi said in his Independence Day speech.
India has got some success in rooting out corruption, but the disease is so deep and widespread that everyone has to continuously try at every level -- not just at the level of the government -- to end it, he said.
"All the work may not be over in one attempt. Bad habits and old diseases get cured sometimes but then such a disease makes a comeback whenever it gets an opportunity," the prime minister said.
He also said, "Corruption is a disease and to defeat it, we have taken certain steps by using technology continuously."
At every level, the Centre is trying continuously that values like honesty and transparency are given a boost, Modi added.
"You must have seen that in the last five years, and even now when the government has come back, many people who have been sitting in the government have been asked to leave," the prime minister said.
"Those who were obstructing us in this movement, we told them that you should do your own business, and now this country does not require your services anymore," he said.
PM mentions 'One Nation, One Mobility Card'
Modi also mentioned the indigenously-developed National Common Mobility Card (NCMC) during his Independence Day speech and said the government had developed a seamless travel system in the country.
Dubbed as the ‘One Nation One Card’, the inter-operable transport card allows the holder to pay for bus travel, toll taxes, parking charges, retail shopping and even withdraw money from ATMs.
The PM talked about the energy sector and said the country had also successfully achieved 'one nation, one grid'.
"Similarly, we have developed the system of one nation, one mobility card," the prime minister said.
The mobility card can be issued in the form of a debit, credit or prepaid card of a partner bank.
In order to ensure a seamless travel across the metro network and other transport systems, in addition to retail shopping and purchases, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has come out with the NCMC programme.
Modi had launched the card in March in Ahmedabad.
"This card runs on RuPay card and it will eliminate all your travel related problems.
"Many a times, we do not have the change to pay in cash while travelling by metro, bus or train, or for toll and parking.
"To overcome this, an automatic fare collection system has been introduced," the prime minister had said.