Rediff India Abroad
 Rediff India Abroad Home  |  All the sections

Search:



The Web

India Abroad




Newsletters
Sign up today!

Article Tools
Email this article
Top emailed links
Print this article
Contact the editors
Discuss this article


Home > News > PTI

Harivansh Rai Bachchan: Bright star of Hindi poetry

January 19, 2003 06:23 IST

Harivansh Rai Bachchan burst upon the horizon of Hindi poetry as a bright star one evening in 1935 with his recitation of Madhushala before a huge audience, unfolding to listeners an enchanting world which had the ring of Omar Khayyam to it.Harivansh Rai Bachchan (seated) with Amitabh Bachchan

He was to carve out another niche for himself decades later with his autobiography in four volumes, beginning with Kya bhoolun kya yaad karoon (What to forget and what to remember), regarded till date as a literary masterpiece.

In a literary career spanning over 50 years, he captured the imagination of readers and continued to hold it with an  unbroken series of achievements.

Born on November 27, 1907, Bachchan had his early education in Allahabad. He went on to do his higher studies at the Allahabad University and the Benaras Hindu University.

He then taught at the Allahabad University from 1941 to 1952 before moving to Cambridge (in the United Kingdom) for research and obtained a doctorate.

On his return, Bachchan resumed teaching for a year before working as a producer in All India Radio. He later joined the Ministry of External Affairs in New Delhi in 1955 as an Officer on Special Duty.

He worked in the MEA for about ten years and was intimately associated with the evolution of Hindi as the official language.

His early writings consisted of the famous trilogy - Madhushala, Madhubala and Madhukalash, noted for its profound sensitivity and simple diction. This was followed by some of the finest lyrical poetry. He has about 30 collections of poems to his credit.

He translated the works of, among others, Omar Khayyam, the Bhagwat Gita, W B Yeats and Shakespeare.

His prose writing is equally important and his autobiography in four parts was chosen for the Saraswati Samman.

For Bachchan, who whipped up a literary  frenzy and pleasant intoxication through his classic work Madhushala, poetry had always been a reflection of his own life tempered by poverty, tragedies, achievements and bouts of bliss.

Bachchan saw many a difficult day as his debt-ridden family managed to eke out a living without ever giving up their traditional hospitality to all those who dropped into their house for a hot cup of tea and lunch.

Bachchan's early years, when he juggled between school and giving tuitions to make a living, left a deep impression on his young mind as he vividly recounted the marriages, sicknesses and deaths that periodically occurred in his family as well as the moonlit nights spent on river banks, and tried to trap them in his poems.

Bachchan, who failed college twice, ironically went on to become the first Indian to acquire a PhD in English from the prestigious Cambridge University after securing a grant to pursue his research and studies in the UK.

His strong leaning towards literature saw him translate eminent Urdu poet Omar Khayyam's Rubayyat into Hindi while his love for English poetry saw him penning a thesis on the work of W B Yeats.

In recognition of his contribution to the world of literature and Hindi language, he was nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 1966.

He was also presented the Padma Bhushan, the K K Birla Foundation's first Saraswati Samman, Sahitya Akademy award, the Soviet Land Nehru Prize and the Afro-Asian Writers' Conference Lotus Prize.

The poet's relationship with the Nehru family began during his years in Allahabad. It was Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who got him a job in the MEA in Delhi as an under-secretary to translate official documents from English to Hindi, and which he continued in till his retirement.

For the last several years, he had been living with his film star son Amitabh Bachchan in Mumbai.



© Copyright 2006 PTI. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PTI content, including by framing or similar means, is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent.
Share your comments


 What do you think about the story?




Read what others have to say:


Number of User Comments: 16




Sub: haribans rai bacchan

he was a ledend on the earth .who's contribution for hindi literature can never fade away


Posted by Bhavana Singh





Sub: pranam.

i give credit to bacchan Sir for his contribution in the development of Hindi. he will be a part of india forever through his writings.


Posted by raj





Sub: Madhushala

Har shaam yaad dilati hai ... Har shaksh yaad dilaata hai ... Har kaam yaad dilaata hai ... Chalo aaj hum bhi ek baar ... ...


Posted by Harshavardhana Sinha





Sub: Harivansh Rai Bachchan

It was heartbreaking to hear the loss of a great poet. My sincere condolences to all members of the Bachchan family. May his soul rest ...


Posted by Sasha





Sub: Harivansh Rai Bachhan

Indian Poetry has lost one of its brightest stars.I read his Madhushala when I was 12 and I still remember it by heart. Deep condolences ...


Posted by Ashutosh, Edison,NJ




Disclaimer

Advertisement






Copyright © 2006 Rediff.com India Limited. All Rights Reserved.