Fast bowler Jasprit Bumrah became only the third Indian to claim a Test hat-trick as he tore through the West Indies batting order, on Day 2 of the second Test, in Jamaica, on Saturday.
Harbhajan Singh and Irfan Pathan are the other two Indian bowlers to register Test hat-tricks.
Harbhajan achieved the feat against Australia during that historic Test at the Eden Gardens, in Kolkata, in 2001, while Pathan took a hat-trick in the first over of the Test match against Pakistan in Karachi, in 2006.
It was Bumrah at his lethal best as he dismissed Darren Dravo, Shamarh Brooks and Roston Chase off successive deliveries in the ninth over of the West Indies innings.
Bravo was caught at second slip, while Brooks and Chase were both trapped leg before wicket.
Chase was originally given not out but India captain Virat Kohli took the review and managed to overturn the decision, the ball tracker ruling in favour of the bowler.
India were bowled out for 416 in their first innings, after Hanuman Vihari scored his maiden Test century.
Vihari scored a career-best 111 off 225 balls, which included 16 boundaries, to hold India's innings together. He received good support from Ishant Sharma, who got his first half-century in Tests, stroking a brisk 57 from 80 balls.
The duo put on 112 runs off 28.3 overs for the eighth wicket to give India the upper hand in the post-lunch session.