The memorial is built at a cost of Rs 176 crore and is spread over 40 acres of land in the heart of the nation’s capital.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday inaugurated the country’s National War Memorial adjoining the iconic India Gate complex in the heart of the capital, nearly 60 years after it was mooted to honour the fallen soldiers after Independence.
Spread over an area of approximately 40 acres, the memorial comprises four concentric circles, namely -- the ‘Amar Chakra’, ‘Veerta Chakra’, ‘Tyag Chakra’ and the ‘Rakshak Chakra’ with names of 25,942 soldiers inscribed in golden letters on granite tablets.
It also includes a central 15.5-m obelisk, an eternal flame and six bronze murals depicting famous battles fought by the Indian Army, Air Force and the Navy in a covered gallery (Veerta Chakra).
The prime minister dedicated to the nation the memorial, built at a cost of Rs 176 crore, by lighting the flame positioned at the bottom of the stone-made obelisk.
Rose petals were showered by Indian Air Force helicopters and a fly-past in ‘Missing Man’ formation was also part of the event.
There was no national memorial to commemorate the sacrifice of fallen soldiers after independence. The NWM pays tribute to soldiers who laid down their lives defending the nation during the India-China War in 1962, Indo-Pak Wars in 1947, 1965 and 1971, Indian Peace Keeping Force Operations in Sri Lanka and in the Kargil conflict of 1999.
Besides, the main memorial complex, a Param Yoddha Sthal has also been built on the northern side of the India Gate’s C-Hexagon area. The park is dotted with bronze busts of the 21 awardees, 15 posthumously of the Param Veer Chakra, country’s highest wartime gallantry medal, a senior defence official said.
A stone mural depicting a joint operation by the three armed forces, also has been made in front of the Param Yodha Sthal.
Modi also interacted with three surviving Param Veer Chakra winners and later walked to the memorial complex through the Indian Gate canopy roundabout.
A consecration ceremony was also held as successive chants from five different religious rent the air just before Modi lit the eternal flame.
The prime minister, after dedicating the memorial, also took a tour of it and visited the gallery housing the six bronze murals, made by noted sculptor Ram Sutar, depicting famous battles fought by the army, air force and navy have been put up in a gallery in the Veerta Chakra zone.
He was accompanied by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Army chief Gen Bipin Rawat, Air Chief Marshal B S Dhanoa and Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba during the event.
Later, the prime minister also wrote a message in Hindi in the visitor’s book.
“It is a symbol of our soldier’s bravery, sacrifice and courage...This memorial will encourage us to live every moment and do something for the nation. My salute to this pilgrimage site of bravery and martyrdom,” he wrote.
The sanction for the project was issued on December 18, 2015 and actual work on it started in February last year.
In the complex, 16 walls have been constructed in the Tyag Chakra for paying homage to the 25,942 battle casualties and their names have been inscribed on granite tablets arranged in a circular pattern, symbolising the ancient Indian war formation ‘Chakravyuh’.
The outermost circle -- the Rakshak Chakra comprises of rows of more than 600 trees with each tree representing many soldiers who guard the territorial integrity of the nation round the clock.
The memorial complex also comprises graphic panels and stone murals. Busts of the 21 awardees of Param Veer Chakra have been installed at Param Yoddha Sthal which includes three living awardees Sub Maj (Hony Capt) Bana Singh (Retd), Sub Major Yogendra Singh Yadav and Sub Sanjay Kumar.
Officials said the Amar Jawan Jyoti, built in 1972 underneath the India Gate arch in memory of the fallen soldiers of the 1971 war, will remain there but the NWM will be the place to pay tributes to soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country.
The India Gate itself is a war memorial built during the British Raj as the All India War Memorial Arch to honour the soldiers who died in the First World War (1914-1918) and the Third Anglo-Afghan War (1919). The landmark has the names of soldiers inscribed on its surface.
The proposal to set up a National War Memorial was under consideration since early 1970s. A Group of Ministers in August 2012 recommended “C” Hexagon of India Gate as the appropriate location for the memorial.