Jason Holder struck his maiden first-class century to lead the West Indies to a draw in the first Test in Antigua on Friday after James Anderson had become England's leading Test wicket-taker.
Denesh Ramdin and Holder shared a resolute seventh-wicket stand of 105 and although the former became Anderson's 384th Test victim in the final session, the hosts did enough to ruin England's hopes of going 1-0 up in the three-match series.
Holder ended unbeaten on 103 and Kemar Roach was 15 not out as West Indies finished on 350 for seven, 88 runs short of their improbable victory target of 438.
Holder held his nerve, however, and he reached three figures by hitting James Tredwell for four in the penultimate over of the match.
Earlier, England looked to be closing in on victory when they dismissed Devon Smith, Marlon Samuels and Shivnarine Chanderpaul in the morning session, leaving West Indies on 162 for five at lunch.
First-innings centurion Jermaine Blackwood fell for 31 soon after the interval, aiming a wild heave at Chris Jordan and edging a catch to wicketkeeper Jos Buttler.
But Ramdin and Holder comfortably survived on a flat pitch and the hosts took tea at 268 for six.
Anderson equalled Botham's total in the morning session when Samuels, on 23, flashed at a wide ball and was well caught by Tredwell in the gully.
Off-spinner Tredwell had already tempted Smith to try to drive him over the top but the opener holed out to Gary Ballance at mid-on for 65.
Tredwell should have dismissed Samuels in his next over, Buttler missing a difficult stumping chance from a sharply turning delivery.
Samuels soon fell to a full delivery from Anderson before Chanderpaul and Blackwood dug in.
The limpet-like Chanderpaul appeared well set for another marathon knock but, on 13, he was trapped lbw by part-time spinner Joe Root.
England (1st innings): 399 (I. Bell 143, J. Root 83, B. Stokes 79; K. Roach 4-94)
West Indies (1st innings): 295 (J. Blackwood 112no; J. Tredwell 4-47)
England (2nd innings): 333 for 7 decl (G. Ballance 122, J. Buttler 59no, J. Root 59)
West Indies (2nd innings): (Overnight: 98-2; Target: 438 runs)
K. Brathwaite c Root b Broad 5
De. Smith c Ballance b Tredwell 65
Da. Bravo c Jordan b Root 32
M. Samuels c Tredwell b Anderson 23
S. Chanderpaul lbw b Root 13
J. Blackwood c Buttler b Jordan 31
D. Ramdin c Cook b Anderson 57
J. Holder not out 103
K. Roach not out 15
Extras: (b-2 lb-2 nb-2) 6
Total: (for 7 wickets, 129.4 overs) 350
Fall of wickets: 1-7 (K. Brathwaite), 2-90 (Da. Bravo), 3-119 (De. Smith), 4-127 (M. Samuels), 5-155 (S. Chanderpaul), 6-189 (J. Blackwood), 7-294 (D. Ramdin).
Bowling: J. Anderson 24.4-3-72-2, S. Broad 21-5-61-1, J. Tredwell 40-14-93-1, C. Jordan 18-6-48-1(nb-2), B. Stokes 13-0-50-0, J. Root 13-6-22-2.