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What will IAF do with Air India's A-320s?

By Ajai Shukla
January 01, 2021 12:09 IST
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The airliners will be withdrawn from Air India, sent to France to fit airborne radars, then handed over to DRDO to be integrated with the complex software that will allow these aircraft to function as 'eye-in-the-sky' controllers of air force battles.
Ajai Shukla reports.

Photograph: Amit Dave/Reuters
 

In a display of cost-cutting synergy between ministries, the government has announced that six used Air India A-320 jet airliners will be recycled into Airborne Early Warning & Control (AEW&C) systems for the Indian Air Force.

This will involve withdrawing the airliners from Air India, sending them to France for fitment of airborne radars, and then handing them over to the Defence Research and Development Organisation to be integrated with the complex software that will allow these aircraft to function as 'eye-in-the-sky' controllers of air force battles.

The 'acceptance of necessity' (AoN) of AEW&C systems was one of seven procurement clearances the ministry of defence announced, amounting to Rs 28,000 crore (Rs 280 billion).

The MoD terms this as a 'big boost to Make in India'.

These are the first AoNs the MoD is according under the new Defence Acquisition Procedure 2020.

'Six of the seven proposals, (worth) Rs 27,000 crore out of Rs 28,000 crore for which AoNs were granted, will be sourced from Indian industry to give a boost to the 'Make in India' and 'Atmanirbhar Bharat' initiatives of the government,' the ministry stated.

The bulk of the work in developing the AEW&C systems will be carried out by the Centre for Airborne Systems (CABS), a DRDO laboratory that has earlier developed two smaller AEW&C systems.

Those systems, called the Netra, are carried aloft on Brazilian Embraer business jets that were purpose-bought for this system.

The use of Air India A320 airliners is expected to substantially reduce costs. CABS' share of the work is worth an estimated Rs 10,500 crore (Rs 105 billion).

In 2015, the defence ministry had cleared a Rs 5,113 crore (Rs 51.13 billion) project to build a single AEW&C system based on Airbus A330 aircraft.

Now, by removing the cost of a new airliner from the overall project cost, the new AEW&C aircraft will work out substantially cheaper.

Besides AEW&C systems, the ministry also cleared the commencement of procurement of 11 Next Generation Offshore Patrol Vessels (NG OPVs) for the navy.

An AoN had already been accorded for building six NG OPVs, and the ministry has raised that requirement by five more vessels to make up for the cancellation of the contract awarded to Reliance Naval and Engineering (RNaval) for building five Naval Offshore Patrol Vessels (NOPVs) at its shipyard in Pipavav, Gujarat.

RNaval had won the order in 2011 and was to deliver the first vessel by November 2014 and all five before November 2016.

In 2018, after it failed to deliver even the first NOPV, the navy encashed the firm's bank guarantees.

Last September, the MoD scrapped its contract.

There is hectic lobbying amongst Indian defence shipyards for the order to build NG OPVs.

Private sector shipyards, such as Larsen & Toubro, say the order to build relatively simple craft such as NG OPVs, would prepare them and give them the experience needed to graduate to building highly complex capital warships.

An AoN was also awarded for procuring modular bridges for the army from domestic firms that have developed the experience to design and build them.

Modular bridges are essentially bridges that are broken up into independent components, each an independent bridge in itself, that is transported on a high-mobility vehicle.

When an obstacle, such as a river, is required to be crossed by an advancing army, a vehicle-borne modular bridge is quickly launched to allow the advance to resume without the delay that occurs in building a bridge manually.

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Ajai Shukla
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