All the accused, present in the court when the judge read out the charges against them, pleaded not guilty in the case.
A special court on Tuesday framed terror charges against Lt Col Prasad Purohit, Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur and five other accused in the 2008 Malegaon blast case, setting the stage for their trial that will commence on Friday.
Observing that the organisation named Abhinav Bharat was formed by the accused with the common object to "spread terrorism", the court in Mumbai also framed charges of criminal conspiracy and murder, among other offences.
Six people were killed and over 100 injured when an explosive device strapped on a motorcycle went off near a mosque in Malegaon, a town about 200 km from Mumbai in north Maharashtra, on September 29, 2008.
Judge Vinod Padalkar, presiding over the special National Investigation Agency court, framed charges against all the seven accused under relevant sections of the stringent Unlawful Activities Prevention Act and the Indian Penal Code.
After framing of the charges, the court posted the case on November 2 for the trial to commence. Framing of charges is a process after which the trial in a criminal case starts.
Apart from Purohit and Sadhvi, the other accused are -- Major (retired) Ramesh Upadhyay, Ajay Rahirkar, Sudhakar Dwivedi, Sudhakar Chaturvedi and Sameer Kulkarni.
All the accused were present in the court when the judge read out the charges against them. They pleaded not guilty in the case.
The accused were charged under sections 16 (committing terrorist act) and 18 (conspiring to commit terrorist act) of the UAPA.
Under the IPC, they were charged under sections 120 (b) (criminal conspiracy), 302 (murder), 307 (attempt to murder), 324 (voluntarily causing hurt) and 153 (a) (promoting enmity between two religious groups).
If convicted under these sections, the maximum punishment can be life imprisonment or death.
The accused were also charged under relevant sections of the Explosive Substances Act.
The judge, while reading out the charges against the accused persons said, "The Abhinav Bharat organisation was formed with the common object to spread terrorism and a bomb with RDX was planted on a motorcycle in Malegaon that killed six persons and injured 101 others."
"The accused persons came together to hatch a conspiracy to commit a terrorist act and procured explosives to further their conspiracy," Padalkar said.
According to the prosecution, the accused persons had formed the right-wing group Abhinav Bharat and held meetings under this group's name at various places in the country, where the alleged conspiracy was hatched.
Purohit told the court he never expected the charges to be framed against him and said, "No one can doubt my honesty, integrity and service record."
Thakur, after the court proceedings, told reporters that the investigating agency had given her a "clean chit" in the case.
"Despite that charges have been framed against me. My struggle against this will continue. I will eventually win because I am right," she said.
On December 27 last year, the special NIA court had dismissed pleas filed by Purohit, Thakur and others seeking to be discharged from the case.
The NIA, after taking over the case, filed a charge sheet in 2016 giving a clean chit to Sadhvi and three others--Shyam Sahu, Praveen Takalki and Shivnarayan Kalsangra--saying it found no evidence against them and they should be discharged from the case.
The NIA court, however, absolved only Sahu, Kalsangra and Takalki, and said Sadhvi will have to face the charges.
At that time, the special court had dropped stringent charges under the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act against the accused, but had said they will face charges under the UAPA and other sections of the IPC, including murder and criminal conspiracy.
The accused later challenged the validity of the UAPA against them.
Earlier this month, the special court rejected their pleas challenging the applicability of the UAPA against them.
Purohit last week approached the Bombay high court challenging the lower court order.
He sought a stay of the process of framing of charges till his appeal is heard and decided.
On Monday, the high court, however, refused to do so and posted the petition for hearing on November 21 and sought the NIA's response.
The high court refused Purohit's request for staying the proceedings in the trial court, noting that in the past, both the Supreme Court and the Bombay High Court had passed orders directing the trial court to expedite the hearing in the case.
Purohit, however, argued through his counsel Shrikant Shivade that he cannot be prosecuted in the case since the sanction granted by the government to prosecute him was "wrong in law".
A prior government sanction for Purohit's prosecution was required since he was a serving Army officer at the time of his arrest. The sanction was issued by the additional chief secretary of the Maharashtra home department on January 17, 2009.
Shivade claimed that under the UAPA, the state law and judiciary department, which is the sanctioning authority, has to constitute an appropriate authority and seek its report first.
In his case, the sanction was given in January 2009, but the authority was appointed only in October 2010, he argued.
The sanction in Purohit's case thus was not valid under the UAPA, Shivade maintained.