In a boost to Indian's maritime security interests, the country's west coast has been excluded from piracy High Risk Area by a top body of the European Union after a revision of the limits.
The decision, taken on Thursday by European Union Chair of the Contact Group of Piracy off the Coast of Somalia, will come into effect from December 1.
With the revision of the HRA, which was extended to include the west coast of India in 2010, some of the country's maritime security concerns like floating armouries and proliferation of private security are likely to be addressed, the Navy said.
In addition, Indian ship-owners are likely to benefit significantly on account of savings on insurance and associated operating costs.
"The unanimous agreement by the shipping industry 'round-table' to now redraw the eastern limit of the HRA is a welcome move which is likely to address some of India's maritime security concerns, which have been highlighted by the Government of India (MoD/Indian Navy, MEA, DG Shipping) in various forums since 2012," a statement by the Navy said.
Consequent to the spread of piracy to the East Arabian Sea, the international shipping industry extended the eastern limit of piracy HRA in June 2010 to 78oE longitude, thereby including the west coast of India within the HRA.
The extension of the eastern limit of the HRA from 65 oE to 78oE led to security concerns on account of the presence of private security personnel onboard merchant vessels transiting the piracy HRA, and the presence of floating armouries off the Indian coast.
The shipping industry also incurred additional costs for insurance and implementation of various recommendations for transit through the piracy HRA.
In addition to deployment of Indian Naval ships in the Gulf of Aden since October 2008 for anti-piracy patrols, robust action by the Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard led to the arrest of 120 pirates from four pirate ‘mother-ships’ between January-March 2011.
Affirmative action and increased surveillance contributed towards the decline of piracy incidents in the East Arabian Sea and the last reported piratical activity in the East Arabian Sea was in March, 2012, the statement said.
The absence of piracy in the Indian maritime zones and adjacent seas, the security concerns and financial implications of an extended HRA led to India seeking a review of the HRA, with the support of numerous countries.
Although the issue has been under debate since 2012, on India's behest ad-hoc meetings of the CGPCS chaired by EU, were held in October 2014 in Dubai and March this year in Brussels towards finding a way forward.
In June, Indian Navy presented India’s threat assessment at a meeting of the Shared Awareness and De-confliction, a military forum for coordinating military effort in the region.
Subsequently, in July at the 18th CGPCS meeting, discussion on HRA held centre-stage with a large number of countries supporting India’s stand.
The shipping industry made a commitment at the meeting to review the HRA by October, which has now been honoured, the statement said.
"India remains committed to ensuring freedom of navigation in the global commons and strengthening maritime security in the region especially in the East Arabian Sea.
"Towards this, Indian naval ships and aircraft continue to escort merchant ships of all nations in the Gulf of Aden," it stressed.
51 Indian ships have been deployed till date for anti-piracy patrol in the Gulf of Aden.
More than 3,100 merchant vessels including foreign flagged ships and more than 23,000 Indians on board these merchant ships have been escorted safely.