» Business » Highlights of Economic Survey 2020-21

Highlights of Economic Survey 2020-21

Source: PTI
January 29, 2021 17:01 IST
Get Rediff News in your Inbox:

Following are the highlights of Economic Survey 2020-21, tabled in Parliament by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Friday.

  • Economic contraction projected at 7.7% in FY21
  • 11% GDP growth projected in FY22, farm sector remains silver lining
  • V-shaped recovery supported by COVID vaccination drive
  • Rebound to be led by low base and continued normalisation in economic activities as vaccine rollout gathers traction
  • Govt consumption, net exports have cushioned growth from further diving down
  • Exports to decline by 5.8%, imports by 11.3% in 2nd half of FY21
  • India expected to have a Current Account Surplus of 2% of GDP this fiscal, a historic high after 17 years
  • India's sovereign credit ratings do not reflect its fundamentals, India's willingness to pay is unquestionably demonstrated through its zero sovereign default history
  • India's fiscal policy should reflect Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore's sentiment of ‘a mind without fear'


  • India's lockdown strategy prevented 37 lakh COVID-19 cases, 1 lakh deaths
  • Survey recommends increase in public healthcare spending from 1% to 2.5-3% of GDP
  • India's health infrastructure must be agile to respond to pandemics - healthcare policy must not become beholden to 'saliency bias'
  • Telemedicine needs to be harnessed to the fullest by investing in internet connectivity and health infrastructure

Process reforms:

  • India over-regulates the economy resulting in regulations being ineffective even with relatively good compliance with process
  • The solution is to simplify regulations and invest in greater supervision which, by definition, implies greater discretion
  • India's business sector needs to significantly ramp up investments in R&D
  • Survey suggests asset quality review exercise immediately after the forbearance is withdrawn
  • Forbearance represents 'emergency medicine' that should be discontinued at the first opportunity when the economy exhibits recovery, not a 'staple diet' that gets continued for years
  • Legal infrastructure for the recovery of loans needs to be strengthened de facto

Fiscal developments

  • India adopted a calibrated approach best suited for a resilient recovery of its economy from COVID-19 pandemic impact, in contrast with a front-loaded large stimulus package adopted by many countries
  • India remained a preferred investment destination with FDI pouring in amidst global asset shifts towards equities and prospects of quicker recovery in emerging economies
  • Net FPI inflows recorded an all-time monthly high of USD 9.8 billion in November 2020, as investors' risk appetite returned
  • India only country among emerging markets to receive equity FII inflows in 2020
  • India the fastest country to roll out 10 lakh vaccines in 6 days and also emerged as a leading supplier of the vaccine to neighbouring countries and Brazil
  • India's mature policy response provides important lessons for democracies to avoid myopic policy-making.

Photograph: Adnan Abidi/Reuters

Get Rediff News in your Inbox:
Source: PTI© Copyright 2021 PTI. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PTI content, including by framing or similar means, is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent.

Moneywiz Live!