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Why You Must Avoid Plastic Food Containers

Last updated on: May 23, 2023 13:09 IST
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Avoid microwaving food or beverages in plastic containers, as heat can accelerate chemical leaching, suggests Dr Sudha Desai.

IMAGE: Kindly note the image has been posted only for representational purposes. Photograph: Kind courtesy Katerina Holmes/

Plastic food containers have become an integral part of our modern lifestyle, offering convenience and ease. However, it is essential to be aware of the potential dangers they pose.

What Are Endocrine Disruptors?

Endocrine disruptors are chemicals present in various everyday products, including plastic food containers, that can interfere with the functioning of our endocrine system.

These disruptors mimic, block, or alter the natural hormones in our bodies, leading to hormonal imbalances.

They can be found in plastic materials such as bisphenol A (BPA), phthalates, and flame retardants, which are commonly used in food packaging, water bottles, and other household items.

What causes it?

The main source of endocrine disruptors in our daily lives is the use of plastic food containers.

When exposed to heat or acidic food and beverages, these containers can release harmful chemicals into the contents they hold.

Furthermore, the manufacturing process itself can introduce contaminants into the plastic.

Prolonged use, wear and tear, and improper storage can exacerbate the leaching of these substances into our food and drinks, increasing our exposure to endocrine disruptors.

Effects on the body

Endocrine disruptors can have wide-ranging effects on our bodies.

They can interfere with reproductive health, leading to fertility issues, hormonal imbalances, and developmental problems in children.

Studies have also linked endocrine disruptors to an increased risk of certain cancers, impaired immune function, neurological disorders, and metabolic disorders such as diabetes and obesity.

Furthermore, these chemicals can impact thyroid function, disrupt puberty, and even affect cognitive abilities.

The long-term consequences of continuous exposure to endocrine disruptors are still being researched, but evidence suggests that they can have detrimental effects on our overall health and well-being.

How to minimise exposure to endocrine disruptors

While it may be challenging to completely avoid endocrine disruptors, there are practical steps we can take to minimise our exposure:


  • Opt for glass or stainless steel containers for storing food and beverages.
  • Use BPA-free plastic containers labeled as "microwave-safe" when necessary.
  • Choose fresh, organic produce to reduce exposure to pesticides that may contain endocrine disruptors.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly to remove any surface contaminants.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle through regular exercise, a balanced diet, and proper hydration to support your body's natural detoxification processes.


  • Avoid microwaving food or beverages in plastic containers, as heat can accelerate chemical leaching.
  • Refrain from using old or damaged plastic food containers, as they are more likely to release harmful substances.
  • Reduce your consumption of processed foods and canned goods, as they often contain plastic packaging with higher chances of leaching.
  • Minimise the use of personal care and cleaning products containing phthalates and other endocrine disruptors.

Dr Sudha Desai is the physician and intensivist, Ruby Hall Clinic.

Disclaimer: All content and media herein is written and published online for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice. It should not be relied on as your only source for advice.

Please always seek the guidance of your doctor or a qualified health professional with any questions you may have regarding your health or a medical condition. Do not ever disregard the advice of a medical professional, or delay in seeking it because of something you have read herein.

If you believe you may have a medical or mental health emergency, please call your doctor, go to the nearest hospital, or call emergency services or emergency helplines immediately. If you choose to rely on any information provided herein, you do so solely at your own risk.

Opinions expressed herein cannot necessarily provide advice to fit the exact specifics of the issues of the person requesting advice.

Feature Presentation: Ashish Narsale/

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