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This article was first published 6 years ago  » Getahead » Watch! The making of the Tiranga

Watch! The making of the Tiranga

By Hitesh Harisinghani, Anita Aikara
Last updated on: August 15, 2018 11:20 IST
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How the Tricolour is made.
Video, photographs: Hitesh Harisinghani/ Reportage: Anita Aikara/

Year after year, Indians hoist the Tricolour with great fervour on Republic Day and Independence Day.

But have you ever wondered where, and how, the flag is made? visited Khadi Dyers and Printers, a tiny unit in Borivli, north west Mumbai, where the Tricolour takes shape.

Khadi Dyers and Printers
IMAGE: The blue dye is spread evenly on a cast with the Ashoka Chakra.
It takes the better part of the entire day to get the Ashoka Chakra printed onto a piece of white cloth.

The national flag you see fluttering on government buildings across Maharashtra take shape in a tiny unit in suburban Mumbai.

Here workers stencil and stamp the Ashoka Chakra onto white khadi cloth -- the central motif is printed in blue ink using a screen printing technique.

Printing happens only by hand at this unit, where flags are manufactured according to the Indian standard specifications for the national flag.

Khadi Dyers and Printers
IMAGE: The white cloth is quickly spread out so that the ink can dry and does not bleed.
At this unit, no cloth is just a piece of fabric. It's something special.

"When you buy khadi flags, you're actually supporting poor farmers living in villages," says D N Bhatt, manager, Khadi Dyers and Printers.

"Education has not touched some of these villages, where poor farmers make khadi for a living," he adds.

The process of flag-making is strenuous and the flags are made in segments.

Khadi manufactured in the villages reaches Bhatt's unit. It is then segregated into three parts: One to be bleached white and two to be dyed green and saffron.

When the bleached cloth returns to the unit, the Ashoka Chakra is printed on it.

Once the green and saffron dyed cloth return to the unit, a stitching team cuts out the required sizes and sews the flag panels to put together the Indian flag.

Lastly the flag is ironed, neatly folded and packed.

The finished bags are then ready to be shipped to government offices and also supplied to khadi stores from where the public can buy these flags.

VIDEO: A step-by-step tour of how the Ashoka Chakra is printed onto the Indian flag at Khadi Dyers and Printers.

Bhatt's unit has limited production capacity, so it produces flags throughout the year.

"Our main work is printing the Ashoka Chakra and stitching the flags according to BIS norms," says Bhatt. "We also sew accessories like ropes, toggles and threads into the flag."

"The flags here are made of khadi only and they strictly adhere to the specifications laid down by the BIS," he adds.

"The flags come in nine sizes from 4" x 6" to 14" x 21".

"As and when a Khadi Bhandar gets an order, they approach us and we immediately supply flags to them. For that, we need to keep flags in all sizes ready."

Bhatt's unit also manufactures table and car flags for VIPs. "We cater to all government departments and embassies in India and abroad."

Khadi Dyers and Printers
IMAGE: A group of men put the table flags together.

The flags made at this unit are more expensive than the ones made of regular cloth, paper and metal. That's the price you pay for the effort that goes into making the flag.

"Please buy khadi flags," Bhatt urges readers. "By doing so, you are helping poor people."

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Hitesh Harisinghani, Anita Aikara