Life virtually came to a grinding halt across Tamil Nadu as the state woke up to deserted streets with shops, including eateries, remaining shut in the wake of the demise of Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa.
In Chennai, public transport services, including autorickshaws, were off the roads while some private vehicles were seen plying in various parts of the city where police personnel kept a tight vigil at vantage points.
A near total shutdown like situation prevailed in the city and several other parts of the state since Monday evening itself.
The focus on Tuesday turned to Rajaji Hall where Jayalalithaa's body is lying in state to enable public pay their homage. With even tea stalls, which usually do a brisk business in the early hours, remaining closed, mobile tea vendors could be seen dispensing the brew at some places. Hotels are also closed.
Suburban train services, however, were being operated in the city, albeit with lower passenger rush. Long distance trains arriving at Chennai Central and Egmore
stations were on time.
The state government has declared a holiday today for its offices and three-days for educational institutions as a mark of respect to the departed leader.
A Government Order (GO) said the notified public holiday will apply to all state government offices, undertakings, corporations and boards.
"Under the Explanation to Section 25 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 read with Notification of the Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs No.20-25-26, Public-1, dated 8th June 1957 the Government of Tamil Nadu hereby declares that Tuesday, the 6th of December, 2016 as a public holiday as a mark of respect to the late Selvi J Jayalalithaa, Hon'ble Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu," it said.
The day will be also treated as a paid holiday for all industrial employees on regular work charge and industrial establishments and the labour hired on daily wages, it said.
The government also issued another order declaring three days holidays for "all educational institutions" starting Tuesday.
The holidays were being declared "as a mark of respect" to the late leader, the GO said.
Meanwhile, the Tamil film industry announced cancellation of shootings scheduled for today. Theaters also cancelled shows.
A report from Madurai said the entire temple city mourned Jayalalithaa's death with all shops closed and transport facilities including buses and auto rickshaws off the roads.
"The entire city is calm...silent..," a police official said.
Officials said those who reached Madurai by train and flight this morning took private transport to reach home.
The main bus stands wore a deserted look. Inter-state and long distance government buses bound here from various destinations, including from Kerala and Karnataka did not arrive as they had been stopped at the borders.
Fishermen colonies mourned the death of Jayalalithaa in Tuticorin, Rameswaram and Kanyakumari.
Police said there was no untoward incident in the region.
In Coimbatore, all shops, commercial establishments, tourist spots remained closed in this and neighbouring Tirupur and Nilgiris districts as a mark of respect to the departed leader.
Transport facilities like buses and auto rickshaws stayed off the roads in these districts, where a bandh like situation prevailed, police said.
In Nilgiris district, some tourists were badly hit due to closure of shops and hotels, they added.
Buses from neighbouring Kerala and Karnataka stopped plying to Tamil Nadu, fearing violence.
AIADMK workers were seen paying homage to the portraits of 'Amma' by erecting pandals at road sides across these districts, even as adequate police forces were deployed to meet any eventuality.
Much to the relief of police, various Muslim and Hindu outfits have cancelled their demonstrations over the Babri Masjid issue RPT demonstrations over the Babri Masjid issue.
In Puducherry, a bandh-like situation prevailed in the union territory with all shops and commercial establishments remaining closed as a mark of respect to the departed soul.
All inter-state and intra state government buses and autos were off the roads with the fleet operators deciding to suspend transport services.
Cinema houses also cancelled their morning shows.
The tricolour flew at half mast atop government buildings including the Assembly and Rajnivas in keeping with the order of the Puducherry Administration to observe a three-day mourning from Tuesday.
Banks were also closed following an order issued by the Chief Secretary of Puducherry Manoj Parida declaring public holiday today, under Negotiable Instruments Act.
Photograph: PTI Photo