Indian Americans numbering 3.2 million is the third largest Asian American community in United States after Chinese Americans (3.8 million) and Filipinos (3.4 million).
As per the details released by US census bureau for the year 2010, Asian American communities have emerged as the fastest growing ethnic communities in the last one decade.
The total US population grew by 9.7 per cent, from 281.4 million in 2000 to 308.7 million in 2010.
However, the Asian population increased more than four times faster than the total US population, growing by 43 per cent from 10.2 million to 14.7 million, it said.
As a result, the Asian alone-or-in-combination population represented 57 per cent of the total population in Hawaii.
California had the next highest proportion at 15 per cent, followed by New Jersey (nine per cent), Nevada (nine per cent), Washington (nine per cent), and New York (eight per cent).
The same six states had the highest proportions of the Asian alone population.
The 2010 census showed that New York, had the largest
Asian alone-or-in-combination population, with 1.1 million, followed by Los Angeles (484,000), and San Jose (327,000).
Three other places, Francisco and San Diego in California and Urban Honolulu in Hawaii had Asian alone-or-in-combination populations of over 200,000 people.
As per the figures, the Bhutanese population experienced the fastest growth from 2000 to 2010, growing from about 200 in 2000 to about 19,000 in 2010.
Census bureau said of all the detailed Asian alone-or-in-any combination groups that had a population of one million or more, the Indian American population grew the fastest, by 68 per cent, followed by the Filipino (44 per cent), Vietnamese (42 per cent), Korean (39 per cent), and Chinese (40 per cent) populations.
The Japanese population experienced the slowest growth among the detailed Asian groups with alone-or-in-any-combination populations of one million or more, growing by 14 per cent.
An analysis of respondents who identified with only one detailed Asian group shows the Chinese population accounted for 23 per cent, the Indian Americans accounted for 19 per cent, and the Filipino population accounted for 17 per cent of all respondents who identified as Asian alone.
Combined, these three groups accounted for 60 per cent of the Asian alone population.
Vietnamese (11 per cent), Korean (10 per cent), Japanese (5 per cent), other single detailed Asian groups (13 per cent), and two or more detailed Asian groups (2 per cent) accounted for smaller proportions of the Asian alone population.
The largest proportion of Asian in combination with another race(s) was for respondents who identified as Filipino (24 per cent), followed by all other single detailed Asian groups (20 per cent).
The next highest proportions were Japanese (14 per cent), Chinese (13 per cent), Asian Indian (nine per cent), Korean (eight per cent), two or more detailed Asian groups (eight per cent), and Vietnamese (four per cent).
The Asian Indian population was the largest detailed Asian group in nearly half of all states.
The Census bureau said Indian American population was the largest detailed Asian group in 23 States, more than any other detailed Asian group.
The metro area with the largest Indian American population was Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, (186,000) followed by Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, (142,000), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington (108,000), Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (98,000), Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta (86,000), and Detroit-Warren-Livonia (60,000).
Of these 6 metro areas, none was located in the West, the report said.