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The rise & fall of Pervez Musharraf

August 18, 2008 16:01 IST

The dates below indicate how Pervez Musharraf's [Images] nine-year reign as army chief and Pakistani President unfolded:

  • October 7, 1998: Pervez Musharraf appointed as army chief by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, superseding several senior officers.
  • May 1999: Kargil [Images] intrusion takes place. Sharif later orders Musharraf to withdraw Pakistani troops under US pressure.
  • October 12, 1999: Musharraf overthrows his mentor Sharif in a bloodless coup.
  • May 13, 2000: Supreme Court validates coup.
  • June 20, 2001: Musharraf appoints himself President, stays as army chief.
  • April 30, 2002: Musharraf wins controversial national referendum to continue as President for a five-year term.
  • December 14 and 25: Musharraf survives two assassination attempts plotted by Al-Qaeda [Images].
  • January 2004: Musharraf and then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee agree to a peace dialogue.
  • December 30, 2004: Musharraf goes back on his pledge to step down as army chief. He secures support of Parliament to stay on in the powerful post till 2007.
  • October 6, 2007: Parliament elects Musharraf as President for a fresh five-year term.
  • October 18, 2007: Former Pakistan premier and Pakistan People's Party leader Benazir Bhutto [Images] returns from exile.
  • November 3, 2007: Musharraf imposes state of emergency and suspends Constitution. Judges of the Supreme Court, who were set to rule on the legality of his election, are sacked.
  • November 25, 2007: Sharif returns from exile.
  • November 28, 2007: Under domestic and international pressure, Musharraf doffs uniform, becomes a civilian President.
  • December 15, 2007: State of emergency lifted.
  • December 27, 2007: Benazir Bhutto assassinated during an election rally.
  • February 18, 2008: Landmark general elections bring Musharraf opponents Pakistan People's Party and Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz to power.
  • August 7, 2008: Ruling coalition leaders announce plans to seek Musharraf's impeachment in Parliament.
  • August 18, 2008: Musharraf announces resignation.

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