The new norms mark an increase in the open offer size for public shareholders from 20 per cent currently. Also the trigger for making such an offer has been raised from 15 per cent under the existing regulations.
"No acquirer shall acquire shares in a target company which taken together with shares or voting rights held by him... entitle them to exercise 25 per cent or more of the voting rights..., unless the acquirer makes a public announcement of an open offer," it said.
The new regulations, titled as 'The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Substantial Acquisition of Shares and Takeovers) Regulations, 2011', will come into effect from the next month.
Under the new rules, there would be no separate provision for non-compete fees, which allows promoters to higher price than the public shareholders, and all shareholders should be given the exit option at the same price.
Partly accepting the recommendations of a Sebi-appointed panel on the matter, the regulator also decided to abolish the non-compete fees that acquirers generally pay to the sellers in merger and acquisition deals.
The notification follows the decision taken at Sebi's board meeting in July. Last year, a Sebi panel on new takeover regulation had recommended an open offer for buying up to 100 per cent in the target company, while suggesting an increase in the trigger limit to 25 per cent.
While the recommendation on trigger was accepted, the suggestion for offer size has been kept lower due to intense opposition from industry and other market participants.
The panel had opined against non-compete fees for promoters which often worked out is as high as 25 per cent of deal value.
Sebi, as part of the new code, allowed voluntary offers subject to certain conditions. Regarding control and offer size, Sebi said that the existing definition of control would be retained and the minimum offer size shall be increased to 26 per cent of the target company.