According to state government sources in Gujarat, cotton sowing was only 9,339 hectares or 0.37% of the normal three-year average sowing in the first week of this month
Fear of infestation by the pink bollworm may hit sowing of the cotton crop in Gujarat. Another impediment that could come in the way is the acute scarcity of water.
According to a trade official, even in Maharashtra and central Indian states like Rajasthan, the situation could be similar to Gujarat.
Their major worry is the monsoon, which got delayed after its initial arrival, especially in Maharashtra.
The pink bollworm had damaged crops in many parts of the country in the last two years and even BT cotton crop was not complete safe from the pest.
“After a humble start, if the monsoon delays, that leaves the cotton sowing vulnerable to pest attack,” said the official.
According to state government sources in Gujarat, cotton sowing was only 9,339 hectares or 0.37 per cent of the normal three-year average sowing in the first week of this month.
During the same period in 2017, it was 49,400 hectares; in 2016, it stood at 15,200 hectares.
In fact, the state government advised farmers to sow later (after the monsoon starts), in order to minimise the risk of bollworm infestation.
In the last four years, bollworm infestation had hit cotton cultivation in both Gujarat and Maharashtra.
Also, Hasmukh Raval, former chairman of the Gujarat State Co-operative Cotton Federation, said, “A majority of the cotton sowing area in Gujarat is facing acute water scarcity. Sowing can begin only after it rains and there is ample water.”
He added, “As a result, overall sowing is expected to go down by at least 20 per cent.” During this kharif season, cotton sowing is likely to fall by 10 per cent.
In the last cotton season, the Cotton Association of India (CAI) had revised 17-18 crop estimates from 36 million bales to 36.5 million. It also revised upward export estimates from 6.5 million bales (170 kg each) to 7 million bales.
Meanwhile, import estimates were pared from 2 million to 1.5 million bales. Of this, 850 000 bales have already arrived till May.
President of CAI Atul Ganatra has pegged the domestic consumption for the season at 32.4 million bales.
The carry-over stock at the end of the 2017-18 crop year is estimated to be 1.6 million bales.
The association had finalised the estimates in its participants’ meeting on Monday.
Photograph: Amit Dave/Reuters