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The Sensex story: From 1K to 20K
rediff Business Desk | December 11, 2007
The stock market barometer Sensex on December 11 won over the 20,000-point mark after flirting with it for as many as 45 days -- the third longest courtship for a thousand-point milestone.
The BSE's 30-share benchmark index settled at 20,290.89 points, its first ever close above the 20k level. After first crossing 20,000 points on October 29, the Sensex has traded above this mark in numerous sessions, but could not manage this mark at closing level until Tuesday.
The one-and-half-month period taken between touching and closing above 20,000 points is the third highest for any 1,000-point mark in the over two-decade history of the index.
The longest such period was of close to four years for the 6,000-point mark, touched by the Sensex first on February 11, 2000, but closing could happen on January 2, 2004.
The second longest courtship of 172 days for a thousand-point was seen with the 7,000-point level. Sensex first touched this mark on June 20 and closed above this on December 9, 2005.
The Sensex made history after it hit an all-time intra-day high of 20,024.87 points during the last five minutes of trading on October 29.
(See below for the timeline)
Following is the timeline on the rise and rise of the Sensex through Indian stock market history.
1000, July 25, 1990
On July 25, 1990, the Sensex touched the magical four-digit figure for the first time and closed at 1,001 in the wake of a good monsoon and excellent corporate results.
2000, January 15, 1992
On January 15, 1992, the Sensex crossed the 2,000-mark and closed at 2,020 followed by the liberal economic policy initiatives undertaken by the then finance minister and current Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh.
3000, February 29, 1992
On February 29, 1992, the Sensex surged past the 3000 mark in the wake of the market-friendly Budget announced by the then Finance Minister, Dr Manmohan Singh.
4000, March 30, 1992
On March 30, 1992, the Sensex crossed the 4,000-mark and closed at 4,091 on the expectations of a liberal export-import policy. It was then that the Harshad Mehta scam hit the markets and Sensex witnessed unabated selling.
5000, October 8, 1999
On October 8, 1999, the Sensex crossed the 5,000-mark as the BJP-led coalition won the majority in the 13th Lok Sabha election.
6000, February 11, 2000
On February 11, 2000, the infotech boom helped the Sensex to cross the 6,000-mark and hit and all time high of 6,006.
7000, June 20, 2005
On June 20, 2005, the news of the settlement between the Ambani brothers boosted investor sentiments and the scrips of RIL [Get Quote], Reliance Energy [Get Quote] [Get Quote], Reliance Capital [Get Quote] [Get Quote], and IPCL [Get Quote] [Get Quote] made huge gains. This helped the Sensex crossed 7,000 points for the first time.
8000, September 8, 2005
On September 8, 2005, the Bombay Stock Exchange's benchmark 30-share index -- the Sensex -- crossed the 8000 level following brisk buying by foreign and domestic funds in early trading.
9000, November 28, 2005
The Sensex on November 28, 2005 crossed the magical figure of 9000 to touch 9000.32 points during mid-session at the Bombay Stock Exchange on the back of frantic buying spree by foreign institutional investors and well supported by local operators as well as retail investors.
10,000, February 6, 2006
The Sensex on February 6, 2006 touched 10,003 points during mid-session. The Sensex finally closed above the 10K-mark on February 7, 2006.
11,000, March 21, 2006
The Sensex on March 21, 2006 crossed the magical figure of 11,000 and touched a life-time peak of 11,001 points during mid-session at the Bombay Stock Exchange for the first time. However, it was on March 27, 2006 that the Sensex first closed at over 11,000 points.
12,000, April 20, 2006
The Sensex on April 20, 2006 crossed the 12,000-mark and closed at a peak of 12,040 points for the first time.
13,000, October 30, 2006
The Sensex on October 30, 2006 crossed the magical figure of 13,000 and closed at 13,024.26 points, up 117.45 points or 0.9%. It took 135 days for the Sensex to move from 12,000 to 13,000 and 123 days to move from 12,500 to 13,000.
14,000, December 5, 2006
The Sensex on December 5, 2006 crossed the 14,000-mark to touch 14,028 points. It took 36 days for the Sensex to move from 13,000 to the 14,000 mark.
15,000, July 6, 2007
The Sensex on July 6, 2007 crossed the magical figure of 15,000 to touch 15,005 points in afternoon trade. It took seven months for the Sensex to move from 14,000 to 15,000 points.
18,000, October 09, 2007
19,000, October 15, 2007
The Sensex crossed the 19,000-mark backed by revival of funds-based buying in blue chip stocks in metal, capital goods and refinery sectors. The index gained the last 1,000 points in just four trading days. The index touched a fresh all-time intra-day high of 19,096, and finally ended with a smart gain of 640 points at 19,059.The Nifty gained 242 points to close at 5,670.
20,000, December 11, 2007
The Sensex actually crossed the 20,000-mark on October 29, 2007 during intra-day trading but closed at 19,977.67 points. However, it was on December 11, 2007 that it finally closed at a figure above 20,000 points on the back of aggressive buying by funds. The 30-share index spurted 360.21 points to fly-past the crucial level and closed at 20,290.89. The NSE Nifty closed at a record high of 6,097.25 points, up 136.65.