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Rediff.com  » Cricket » How Ashwin, Jadeja, Jayant created history in Mohali

How Ashwin, Jadeja, Jayant created history in Mohali

December 01, 2016 09:35 IST

Rajneesh Gupta surveys the cricketing milestones from the Mohali Test.

IMAGE: Ravindra Jadeja celebrates his half century en route to his highest score in Test cricket. Photographs: BCCI

India's win in the third Test in Mohali by 8 wickets means it cannot lose this series against England.

On two previous occasions -- in 2014 in England and in 2012 in India -- India lost the series after taking the lead.

Parthiv Patel made a comeback to the Indian team after 8 years, 105 days, and 83 Tests.

Parthiv last played for India in 2008 against Sri Lanka at Colombo PSS. He now holds the record for the longest gap between two Test appearances by an Indian -- both in terms of time and matches missed.

The previous record in terms of Tests was held by Piyush Chawla with a gap of 49 Tests between his two appearances.

The previous Indian record in terms of time was held by Mohinder Amarnath who had a gap of 6 years 25 days (1969 to 976) between his two consecutive appearances.

Rajneesh Gupta surveys the cricketing milestones from the Mohali Test:

IMAGE: Parthiv Patel made a comeback to the Indian team after 8 years, 105 days, and 83 Tests.

In all Test cricket, Parthiv is at 10th place in terms of most matches missed between two appearances. The details:

Most matches missed between two consecutive appearances

Matches missedPlayerPeriodSpan
142 Gareth Batty (England) 2005 to 2016 11 years 135 days
114 Martin Bicknell (England) 1993 to 2003 10 years 10 days
109 Floyd Reifer (West Indies) 1999 to 2009 10 years 170 days
104 Younis Ahmed (Pakistan) 1969 to 1987 17 years 109 days
103 Derek Shackleton (England) 1951 to 1963 11 years 223 days
96 Les Jackson (England) 1949 to 1961 11 years 343 days
86 Pat Pocock (England) 1976 to 1984 8 years 11 days
85 Wayne Larkins (England) 1981 to 1990 8 years 174 days
85 Liam Plunkett (England) 2007 to 2014 6 years 364 days
83 Parthiv Patel (India) 2008 to 2016 8 years 105 days
81 Rawl Lewis (West Indies) 1998 to 2006 7 years 76 days

Interestingly, Parthiv had another streak of missing 40+ Tests.

Before appearing at Colombo PSS against Sri Lanka in 2008, Parthiv had missed 43 Tests on the trot since 2004.

This made him only the 4th player in Test history to have TWO separate streaks of missing 40+ matches.

Players missing 40+ Tests TWICE in their career

PlayerTests missedPeriod
Brian Close (England) 44 1950 to 1955
Brian Close 75 1967 to 1976
Fred Titmus (England) 59 1955 to 1962
Fred Titmus 62 1968 to 1974
Brad Hogg (Australia) 78 1996 to 2003
Brad Hogg 45 2003 to 2007
Parthiv Patel (India) 43 2004 to 2008
Parthiv Patel 83 2008 to 2016

Ravichandran Ashwin completed the allround double of 500 runs and 50 wickets in 2016.

He became only the third Indian -- after Vinoo Mankad and Kapil Dev -- and 8th player overall to accomplish this feat. The details:

500 runs & 50 wickets in a calendar year

 YearMatchesRunsBat AvgWicketsBowl Average
Vinoo Mankad (India) 1952 10 558 42.92 53 22.07
Ian Botham (England) 1978 12 587 41.92 63 18.41
Kapil Dev (India) 1979 17 619 30.95 74 22.95
Ian Botham (Eng) 1981 13 629 28.59 62 25.54
Kapil Dev (Ind) 1983 18 579 22.26 75 23.18
Shaun Pollock (South Africa) 1998 14 593 29.65 69 20.44
Shaun Pollock 2001 13 573 52.09 55 21.38
Andrew Flintoff (England) 2005 14 709 30.82 68 24.41
Daniel Vettori (New Zealand) 2008 14 672 35.36 54 26.12
Mitchell Johnson (Australia) 2009 13 500 33.33 63 27.42
Ravichandran Ashwin (India) 2016 10 545 45.42 59 22.83

Note: Flintoff's figures include one Test played for the ICC World XI.

IMAGE: Ravichandran Ashwin is the third Indian to complete the allround double of 500 runs and 50 wickets in a year 2016.

Ashwin also completed the allround double of 1,000 runs and 100 wickets in Tests on Indian soil.

He became only the 5 player to do so, joining Vinoo Mankad, Kapil Dev, Anil Kumble and Harbhajan Singh.

1000 runs & 100 wickets on Indian soil

 MatchesRunsBatting AverageWicketsBowling Average
Vinoo Mankad 23 1,128 33.17 103 26.53
Kapil Dev 65 2,810 36.97 219 26.49
Anil Kumble 63 1,340 21.61 350 24.88
Harbhajan Singh 55 1,047 18.36 265 28.76
Ravichandran Ashwin 25 1,018 39.15 168 21.37

Even after bundling England out for 283, India were in some spot of bother with just 156 runs on the board and half the side back in the pavilion.

The lower order ensured that India would end up with a respectable 417 with Ashwin, Jadeja and Jayant Yadav holding fort.

It was the first time for India and only the 7th time in all Test cricket that number 7, 8 and 9 batsmen all scored 50 or more in the same innings.

Number 7,8 and 9 scoring a 50 in the same Test innings

ForVsVenueSeasonBatsmen
New Zealand Pakistan Karachi 1976-1977 W K Lees (152), R J Hadlee (87), B L Cairns (52*)
England Australia Manchester 1981 I T Botham (118), A P E Knott (59), J E Emburey (57)
West Indies England St John's 1985-1986 M D Marshall (76), R A Harper (60), M A Holding (73)
Zimbabwe Bangladesh Dhaka 2001-2002 D A Marillier (73), H H Streak (65), T J Friend (81)
Zimbabwe West Indies Harare 2003-2004 T Taibu (83), H H Streak (127*), A M Blignaut (91)
New Zealand South Africa Hamilton 2003-2004 J D P Oram (119*), B B McCullum (57), D L Vettori (53)
India England Mohali 2016-2017 R Ashwin (72), R A Jadeja (90), J Yadav (55)

,font size=7>The following table shows the performance of the bottom half (last 5 wickets) for each team in 2016.

India are second to only England on this front.

Contribution by the lower half in Tests in 2016

(last 5 wickets)

 RunsBestAverage100-stands50-stands
England 3,873 399 36.19 7 17
India 1,790 213 35.80 3 9
South Africa 1,634 167 33.34 3 8
Sri Lanka 1,930 211 28.80 2 12
West Indies 1,541 144 27.51 2 9
Zimbabwe 1,068 148 26.70 3 3
New Zealand 1,767 253 24.88 2 6
Pakistan 1,335 97 17.80 0 9
Australia 1,085 99 16.69 0 4
Bangladesh 227 87 11.35 0 1

Umesh Yadav's dismissal in India's first innings gave wicket-keeper Jonny Bairstow a world record.

It was Bairstow's 68th dismissal in 2016 -- the most any wicketkeeper has made in a single year in the game's history.

Most wicket-keeping dismissals in Tests in a calendar year

 MatchesCaughtStumpedDismissalsYear
Jonny Bairstow (England) 15 65 3 68 2016
Ian Healy (Australia) 16 58 9 67 1993
Mark Boucher (South Africa) 13 65 2 67 1998
Adam Gilchrist (Australia) 14 58 8 66 2004
Ian Healy (Australia) 15 55 4 59 1997
Mark Boucher (South Africa) 15 56 2 58 2008
Ridley Jacobs (West Indies) 14 55 2 57 2000
Adam Gilchrist (Australia) 14 52 5 57 2001
Matt Prior (England) 14 54 2 56 2010
Jeff Dujon (West Indies) 15 54 1 55 1984
Adam Gilchrist (Australia) 15 50 5 55 2005

Bairstow's run tally of 1,355 in 2016 (till the end of the Mohali Test) is also the highest for any wicket-keeper in a calendar year.

He now holds both the records for a wicket-keeper in a calendar year -- most runs as well as most dismissals!

Chasing 103 runs, Parthiv Patel gave India a rollicking start as he raced to his 50 off just 39 balls -- the fastest 50 by a wicket-keeper on Indian soil, the second fastest by an Indian wicket-keeper and second fastest by a wicket-keeper against England.

The following table gives the details of the fastest 50s by wicket-keepers:

Fastest fifties by wicket-keepers in Tests

BallsPlayerForVsVenueSeason
34 Ian Smith (61) New Zealand Pakistan Faisalabad 1990-1991
34 M S Dhoni (148) India Pakistan Faisalabad 2005-2006
36 Dennis Lindsay (60) South Africa Australia Port Elizabeth 1969-1970
37 Matt Prior (61) England Australia Lord's 2009
37 Luke Ronchi (88) New Zealand England Leeds 2015
38 Matt Prior (73) England India Nottingham 2011
39 Matt Prior (61) England West Indies Port-of-Spain 2008-2009
39 Parthiv Patel (67*) India England Mohali 2016-2017
40 Brendon McCullum (111) New Zealand Zimbabwe Harare 2005-2006
40 Adam Gilchrist (102*) Australia England Perth 2006-2007
40 M S Dhoni (90) India South Africa Centurion 2010-2011

Parthiv had a memorable Test. He scored 42 and 67* and had 5 dismissals across two innings.

Parthiv is only the 4th Indian 'keeper to score 100 runs and effect 5 dismissals in the same Test.

M S Dhoni has done so four times. The details:

Best allround performance by an Indian 'keeper in a Test

 RunsDismissalsOpponentVenueSeason
Buddhi Kunderan 230 6 England Chennai 1963-1964
M S Dhoni 148 5 Pakistan Faisalabad 2005-2006
Dinesh Karthik 101 5 South Africa Cape Town 2006-2007
M S Dhoni 111 5 Australia Nagpur 2008-2009
M S Dhoni 108 7 New Zealand Wellington 2008-2009
M S Dhoni 100 6 Sri Lanka Mumbai Brabourne Stadium 2009-2010
Parthiv Patel 109 5 England Mohali 2016-2017

India have now not lost a Test at home since 2013 -- the only team to have this record.

They have also the best winning record at home. Take a look:

IMAGE: Virat Kohli's run aggregate of 1,861 is now the highest by an Indian after first 20 Tests as captain.

Best winning record in Tests at home

(since 2013)

 MatchesWonLostDrawWin%Loss%
India 16 14 0 2 87.50 0.00
Australia 19 13 2 4 68.42 10.53
Sri Lanka 17 10 5 2 58.82 29.41
South Africa 19 11 4 4 57.89 21.05
England 28 16 7 5 57.14 25.00
New Zealand 16 9 2 5 56.25 12.50
Pakistan 16 9 4 3 56.25 25.00
West Indies 16 6 7 3 37.50 43.75
Bangladesh 14 4 3 7 28.57 21.43
Zimbabwe 9 2 7 0 22.22 77.77

Note: Pakistan's Tests in the UAE have been considered as home Tests.

Virat Kohli has an impressive record as captain with 12 wins, 6 draws and 2 losses in 20 Tests.

By an odd coincidence M S Dhoni also had identical figures in his first 20 Tests as captain.

Most successful Indian captains after first 20 Tests

 WonLostDrawnWin%
M S Dhoni 12 2 6 60.00
Virat Kohli 12 2 6 60.00
Sourav Ganguly 10 5 5 50.00
Sunil Gavaskar 6 1 13 30.00
Rahul Dravid 6 6 8 30.00
Bishen Singh Bedi 6 9 5 30.00

Virat's run aggregate of 1,861 is now the highest by an Indian after his first 20 Tests as captain.

He surpassed Sunil Gavaskar's tally of 1,816 runs.

Most successful Indian captains with the bat after first 20 Tests

 InningsNot OutRunsHighest ScoreAverage100s50s
Virat Kohli 33 2 1,861 211 60.03 7 4
Sunil Gavaskar 32 3 1,816 205 62.62 8 5
Sachin Tendulkar 33 3 1,630 217 54.33 6 4
Rahul Dravid 36 5 1,418 146 45.74 3 8
M A K 'Tiger' Pataudi 36 2 1,374 203* 40.41 5 4
Mohammad Azharuddin 29 0 1,287 192 44.38 5 2
M S Dhoni 28 4 1,226 132* 51.08 3 9

India are now undefeated in 17 consecutive home Tests (since losing to England at Kolkata in December 2012).

There have been only one longer undefeated home streak for India in all Tests. The details:

India's longest undefeated streaks at home

TestsWonDrawnPeriod
20 6 14 1977 to 1980
17* 14 3 2012 till date
16 2 14 1960 to 1964
12 7 5 2001 to 2003
12 9 3 2010 to 2012

Rajneesh Gupta