Rajneesh Gupta surveys the cricketing milestones from the Mohali Test.
India's win in the third Test in Mohali by 8 wickets means it cannot lose this series against England.
On two previous occasions -- in 2014 in England and in 2012 in India -- India lost the series after taking the lead.
Parthiv Patel made a comeback to the Indian team after 8 years, 105 days, and 83 Tests.
Parthiv last played for India in 2008 against Sri Lanka at Colombo PSS. He now holds the record for the longest gap between two Test appearances by an Indian -- both in terms of time and matches missed.
The previous record in terms of Tests was held by Piyush Chawla with a gap of 49 Tests between his two appearances.
The previous Indian record in terms of time was held by Mohinder Amarnath who had a gap of 6 years 25 days (1969 to 976) between his two consecutive appearances.
Rajneesh Gupta surveys the cricketing milestones from the Mohali Test:
In all Test cricket, Parthiv is at 10th place in terms of most matches missed between two appearances. The details:
Most matches missed between two consecutive appearances
|142||Gareth Batty (England)||2005 to 2016||11 years 135 days|
|114||Martin Bicknell (England)||1993 to 2003||10 years 10 days|
|109||Floyd Reifer (West Indies)||1999 to 2009||10 years 170 days|
|104||Younis Ahmed (Pakistan)||1969 to 1987||17 years 109 days|
|103||Derek Shackleton (England)||1951 to 1963||11 years 223 days|
|96||Les Jackson (England)||1949 to 1961||11 years 343 days|
|86||Pat Pocock (England)||1976 to 1984||8 years 11 days|
|85||Wayne Larkins (England)||1981 to 1990||8 years 174 days|
|85||Liam Plunkett (England)||2007 to 2014||6 years 364 days|
|83||Parthiv Patel (India)||2008 to 2016||8 years 105 days|
|81||Rawl Lewis (West Indies)||1998 to 2006||7 years 76 days|
Interestingly, Parthiv had another streak of missing 40+ Tests.
Before appearing at Colombo PSS against Sri Lanka in 2008, Parthiv had missed 43 Tests on the trot since 2004.
This made him only the 4th player in Test history to have TWO separate streaks of missing 40+ matches.
Players missing 40+ Tests TWICE in their career
|Brian Close (England)||44||1950 to 1955|
|Brian Close||75||1967 to 1976|
|Fred Titmus (England)||59||1955 to 1962|
|Fred Titmus||62||1968 to 1974|
|Brad Hogg (Australia)||78||1996 to 2003|
|Brad Hogg||45||2003 to 2007|
|Parthiv Patel (India)||43||2004 to 2008|
|Parthiv Patel||83||2008 to 2016|
Ravichandran Ashwin completed the allround double of 500 runs and 50 wickets in 2016.
He became only the third Indian -- after Vinoo Mankad and Kapil Dev -- and 8th player overall to accomplish this feat. The details:
500 runs & 50 wickets in a calendar year
|Year||Matches||Runs||Bat Avg||Wickets||Bowl Average|
|Vinoo Mankad (India)||1952||10||558||42.92||53||22.07|
|Ian Botham (England)||1978||12||587||41.92||63||18.41|
|Kapil Dev (India)||1979||17||619||30.95||74||22.95|
|Ian Botham (Eng)||1981||13||629||28.59||62||25.54|
|Kapil Dev (Ind)||1983||18||579||22.26||75||23.18|
|Shaun Pollock (South Africa)||1998||14||593||29.65||69||20.44|
|Andrew Flintoff (England)||2005||14||709||30.82||68||24.41|
|Daniel Vettori (New Zealand)||2008||14||672||35.36||54||26.12|
|Mitchell Johnson (Australia)||2009||13||500||33.33||63||27.42|
|Ravichandran Ashwin (India)||2016||10||545||45.42||59||22.83|
Note: Flintoff's figures include one Test played for the ICC World XI.
Ashwin also completed the allround double of 1,000 runs and 100 wickets in Tests on Indian soil.
He became only the 5 player to do so, joining Vinoo Mankad, Kapil Dev, Anil Kumble and Harbhajan Singh.
1000 runs & 100 wickets on Indian soil
|Matches||Runs||Batting Average||Wickets||Bowling Average|
Even after bundling England out for 283, India were in some spot of bother with just 156 runs on the board and half the side back in the pavilion.
The lower order ensured that India would end up with a respectable 417 with Ashwin, Jadeja and Jayant Yadav holding fort.
It was the first time for India and only the 7th time in all Test cricket that number 7, 8 and 9 batsmen all scored 50 or more in the same innings.
Number 7,8 and 9 scoring a 50 in the same Test innings
|New Zealand||Pakistan||Karachi||1976-1977||W K Lees (152), R J Hadlee (87), B L Cairns (52*)|
|England||Australia||Manchester||1981||I T Botham (118), A P E Knott (59), J E Emburey (57)|
|West Indies||England||St John's||1985-1986||M D Marshall (76), R A Harper (60), M A Holding (73)|
|Zimbabwe||Bangladesh||Dhaka||2001-2002||D A Marillier (73), H H Streak (65), T J Friend (81)|
|Zimbabwe||West Indies||Harare||2003-2004||T Taibu (83), H H Streak (127*), A M Blignaut (91)|
|New Zealand||South Africa||Hamilton||2003-2004||J D P Oram (119*), B B McCullum (57), D L Vettori (53)|
|India||England||Mohali||2016-2017||R Ashwin (72), R A Jadeja (90), J Yadav (55)|
,font size=7>The following table shows the performance of the bottom half (last 5 wickets) for each team in 2016.
India are second to only England on this front.
Contribution by the lower half in Tests in 2016
(last 5 wickets)
Umesh Yadav's dismissal in India's first innings gave wicket-keeper Jonny Bairstow a world record.
It was Bairstow's 68th dismissal in 2016 -- the most any wicketkeeper has made in a single year in the game's history.
Most wicket-keeping dismissals in Tests in a calendar year
|Jonny Bairstow (England)||15||65||3||68||2016|
|Ian Healy (Australia)||16||58||9||67||1993|
|Mark Boucher (South Africa)||13||65||2||67||1998|
|Adam Gilchrist (Australia)||14||58||8||66||2004|
|Ian Healy (Australia)||15||55||4||59||1997|
|Mark Boucher (South Africa)||15||56||2||58||2008|
|Ridley Jacobs (West Indies)||14||55||2||57||2000|
|Adam Gilchrist (Australia)||14||52||5||57||2001|
|Matt Prior (England)||14||54||2||56||2010|
|Jeff Dujon (West Indies)||15||54||1||55||1984|
|Adam Gilchrist (Australia)||15||50||5||55||2005|
Bairstow's run tally of 1,355 in 2016 (till the end of the Mohali Test) is also the highest for any wicket-keeper in a calendar year.
He now holds both the records for a wicket-keeper in a calendar year -- most runs as well as most dismissals!
Chasing 103 runs, Parthiv Patel gave India a rollicking start as he raced to his 50 off just 39 balls -- the fastest 50 by a wicket-keeper on Indian soil, the second fastest by an Indian wicket-keeper and second fastest by a wicket-keeper against England.
The following table gives the details of the fastest 50s by wicket-keepers:
Fastest fifties by wicket-keepers in Tests
|34||Ian Smith (61)||New Zealand||Pakistan||Faisalabad||1990-1991|
|34||M S Dhoni (148)||India||Pakistan||Faisalabad||2005-2006|
|36||Dennis Lindsay (60)||South Africa||Australia||Port Elizabeth||1969-1970|
|37||Matt Prior (61)||England||Australia||Lord's||2009|
|37||Luke Ronchi (88)||New Zealand||England||Leeds||2015|
|38||Matt Prior (73)||England||India||Nottingham||2011|
|39||Matt Prior (61)||England||West Indies||Port-of-Spain||2008-2009|
|39||Parthiv Patel (67*)||India||England||Mohali||2016-2017|
|40||Brendon McCullum (111)||New Zealand||Zimbabwe||Harare||2005-2006|
|40||Adam Gilchrist (102*)||Australia||England||Perth||2006-2007|
|40||M S Dhoni (90)||India||South Africa||Centurion||2010-2011|
Parthiv had a memorable Test. He scored 42 and 67* and had 5 dismissals across two innings.
Parthiv is only the 4th Indian 'keeper to score 100 runs and effect 5 dismissals in the same Test.
M S Dhoni has done so four times. The details:
Best allround performance by an Indian 'keeper in a Test
|M S Dhoni||148||5||Pakistan||Faisalabad||2005-2006|
|Dinesh Karthik||101||5||South Africa||Cape Town||2006-2007|
|M S Dhoni||111||5||Australia||Nagpur||2008-2009|
|M S Dhoni||108||7||New Zealand||Wellington||2008-2009|
|M S Dhoni||100||6||Sri Lanka||Mumbai Brabourne Stadium||2009-2010|
India have now not lost a Test at home since 2013 -- the only team to have this record.
They have also the best winning record at home. Take a look:
Best winning record in Tests at home
Note: Pakistan's Tests in the UAE have been considered as home Tests.
Virat Kohli has an impressive record as captain with 12 wins, 6 draws and 2 losses in 20 Tests.
By an odd coincidence M S Dhoni also had identical figures in his first 20 Tests as captain.
Most successful Indian captains after first 20 Tests
|M S Dhoni||12||2||6||60.00|
|Bishen Singh Bedi||6||9||5||30.00|
Virat's run aggregate of 1,861 is now the highest by an Indian after his first 20 Tests as captain.
He surpassed Sunil Gavaskar's tally of 1,816 runs.
Most successful Indian captains with the bat after first 20 Tests
|Innings||Not Out||Runs||Highest Score||Average||100s||50s|
|M A K 'Tiger' Pataudi||36||2||1,374||203*||40.41||5||4|
|M S Dhoni||28||4||1,226||132*||51.08||3||9|
India are now undefeated in 17 consecutive home Tests (since losing to England at Kolkata in December 2012).
There have been only one longer undefeated home streak for India in all Tests. The details:
India's longest undefeated streaks at home
|20||6||14||1977 to 1980|
|17*||14||3||2012 till date|
|16||2||14||1960 to 1964|
|12||7||5||2001 to 2003|
|12||9||3||2010 to 2012|