A cartoon published in an Australian newspaper that depicted tennis star Serena Williams having a temper tantrum at the US Open last year was not racist, Australia's media watchdog said on Monday.
The caricature of an angry Williams -- with exaggerated lips and tongue and a wild plume of curly hair rising above her head as she stomped on her tennis racket -- was condemned as racist by civil rights leaders, celebrities and fans.
Melbourne's Herald Sun newspaper and cartoonist Mark Knight denied the image was racist.
The Australian Press Council said on Monday the cartoon did not breach its standards of practice.
"The Council considers that the cartoon uses exaggeration and absurdity to make its point, but accepts the publisher's claim that it does not depict Ms. Williams as an ape, rather showing her as 'spitting the dummy'," the council said, using an Australian phrase for a child having a temper tantrum.
The image was "a non-racist caricature familiar to most Australian readers," the council said in a statement.
The newspaper said the cartoon was intended as a lampoon of the tennis star's angry exchanges with chair umpire Carlos Ramos at the US Women's Singles final in New York.
Williams clashed with Ramos over penalties she thought she did not deserve and ultimately lost to Naomi Osaka.
The US-based National Association of Black Journalists said at the time the cartoon was "repugnant on many levels" and "not only exudes racist, sexist caricatures of both women, but Williams' depiction is unnecessarily sambo-like."
"Sambo," a derogatory term for a black person, is the name of a folkloric figure usually depicted with an exaggerated mouth and an ape-like stance.
The Council acknowledged that some readers found the cartoon offensive.
"However ... there was a sufficient public interest in commenting on behaviour and sportsmanship during a significant dispute between a tennis player with a globally high profile and an umpire at the US Open final," it said.