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BJP vs Congress: How their manifestos compare

By The Rediff News Bureau
Last updated on: April 08, 2019 20:25 IST
Get Rediff News in your Inbox: does a quick checklist on what the two manifestos have to say on hot-button issues of the day.

IMAGE: Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP president Amit Shah take a look at the party's election manifesto in New Delhi on Monday. Photograph: Atul Yadav/ PTI Photo


Farmers and agriculture


-Doubling of farm income by 2022.

-Pradhanmantri Kisan Samman Nidhi under which Rs 6,000 a year is given to a farmer owning land up to 2 hectares will be expanded to all farmers in the country.

-Pension scheme to small and marginal farmers.


-Waiving of all outstanding farm loans in every state. A separate 'Kisan budget'.

-Redesigning of Fasal Bima Yojna to make it beneficial for the farmers.

-Undoing the changes brought to Land Acquisition Act and Forest Rights Act.

Defence and national security


-Expediting purchases of outstanding defence related equipment and weapons, strengthening the ‘strike capabilities’ of the armed forces.

-Taking more steps towards self-reliance in defence manufacturing.

-More effective One Rank One Pension framework for resettlement of veterans, providing them skill training and financial support for higher education, housing and starting an enterprise.


-Increase in defence spending and mordenisation of armed forces.

-Enhance domestic capacity to manufacture defence and security equipment.

-Remove the anomalies’ in One Rank One Pension (OROP). Allowing lateral entry into civil services of retired personnel; full pay and allowances to family of martyrs and a government job to one family member.

Youth, jobs and education


-More employment generation in sectors like defence and pharmaceuticals.

-Collateral-free credit up to Rs 50 lakh for entrepreneurs, guaranteed by the government 50 per cent in case of female and 25 per cent in case of male entrepreneur.

-200 more Kendriya Vidyalayas and Navodya Vidyalayas by 2024.

-Increasing the number of seats in central law, science, engineering and management institutions by 50 per cent in next fiver years.


-A new Ministry of Industry, Services and Employment to look after rapid creation of jobs. Filling all 4 lakh central government vacancies by March 2020. Abolition of application fees for government examinations and posts.

-To exempt MSMEs from regulations for three years.

-Free and compulsory education in government schools from Class I to XII. Establishing more Kendriya Vidyalayas, Navodya Vidyalayas and more universities.

-Abolition of NEET and substituting it with state-level exam.

Governance reforms


-Trying to build a consensus on simultaneous parliament, state and local body elections. Ensuring a common voter list for all elections.

-Police and judicial reforms for better governance.


-Introduction of requirement of public consultation before a bill in tabled in Parliament. All government schemes shall be subjected to social audit.

-Amendment in Aadhaar Act to restrict its uses, omitting provisions that may have 'diluted' the Right to Information Act.

-Establishing a Court of Appeal between the Supreme Court and the high courts and making the SC a purely constitutional court.

Women empowerment


-33 per cent reservation for women in Parliament and state assemblies.

-Bill to prohibit practices of triple talaq and nikah halala.

-Affordable maternal healthcare for all women through various schemes.


-33 per cent reservation for women in Lok Sabha, state assemblies and in central government jobs.

-Review of Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplaces Act, 2013 and extension of it to all workplaces.

-Night shelters for women migrant workers, adequate number of public toilets for women, ensuring working women’s hostels and safe transport facilities.

Terrorism, Kashmir and North East


- Zero tolerance against terrorism by giving a free hand to security forces.

- Abrogation of Article 379 and annulment of Article 35A of the Constitution of India. Ensuring safe return of Kashmiri Pandits and resettlement of refugees from West Pakistan and Pak-occupied Kashmir.

- Completion of National Register of Citizens and its extension to other parts of the country.

- Enactment of the Citizenship Amendment Bill while protecting the linguistic, cultural and social identity of the people of Northeast.


- Promise to adopt 'uncompromising approach and hard measures' against terrorism and infiltration.

- Initiating dialogue with people of Jammu and Kashmir without 'pre-conditions'.

- Review the deployment of forces. Moving security forces to the border and reducing their presence in the Valley. Review of Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act.

- Restoring special status to NE states, revoking Citizenship Amendment Bill and ensuring no exclusion of citizens from NRC.

Minorities and backward classes


- Implementation of 10 per cent reservation for economically weaker sections.

- Schools in every block having more than 50 per cent SC population and at least 20,000 tribal people. Protecting rights of forest dwellers.


- A law against mob lynching and hate crimes.

- Restoring 200-point roster system and providing reservation in promotion through Constitutional Amendment.



- Ayushman Bharat to provide health cover of Rs 5 lakh to 10.74 crore poor families. 1,50,000 Health and Wellness Centres to be set up by 2022.


- Doubling healthcare expenditure to 3 per cent of gross domestic product. Right to Healthcare Act ensuring free diagnosis, out-patient care, medicines and hospitalisation.

Economy and taxation


- Making India the third largest economy of the world by 2030. Committing to make India a US $5 trillion economy by 2025 and US $10 trillion economy by 2032.

- Lowering of tax rate thereby rewarding honest tax payers and improving compliance.

- To continue with the simplication of GST process by engaging in dialogue with all stakeholders.


- A more robust and transparent economy with fiscal compliance and keeping independence of institutions intact.

- Amalgamation of public sector banks and simplification of KYC process.

- Replacing GST with GST 2.0, ensuring single, moderate, standard rate of tax.

Distinct features


Ram Temple: A promise to explore all possibilities within the framework of the Constitution and all necessary efforts to facilitate the expeditious construction of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya.


NYAY: The Nyuntam Aay Yojana, or minimum income support programme will indentify 20 per cent poorest families of the country and they will be guaranteed Rs 72,000 a year.

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