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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Last updated on: November 4, 2011 15:09 IST

Image: Taj Mahal in Agra.

How big is Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state?

One way of answering the question is to take its total area: 95,000 square miles (246,000 sq km).

Another way is to think of it as a country. If Uttar Pradesh were to declare independence, it would be the world's fifth most populous country.

Yet its economy would only be the size of Qatar, a tiny oil-rich state of fewer than two million people.

That makes it poor on a per person basis. Despite India's two decades of rapid growth, Uttar Pradesh's GDP per head is close to that of Kenya.

The following data, based on 2009 figures, presents country equivalents for India's states and territories in terms of GDP, GDP per person (in PPP terms) and population, according to The Economist.

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: Bandra-Worli sea link bridge, also called the Rajiv Gandhi Sethu, in Mumbai.
Photographs: Reuters

Maharashtra

GDP of Maharashtra: $175.3 billion

GDP of Singapore (nearest equivalent): $183.3 billion

GDP per person in Maharashtra: $4,743

GDP per person in Sri Lanka (nearest equivalent): $4,760

Population of Maharashtra: 110.5 million

Population of Mexico (nearest equivalent): 111.2 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: isitors walk towards the main entrance of the Asafi Imambara monument, also known as Bara Imambara, in Lucknow.
Photographs: Reuters

Uttar Pradesh

GDP of Uttar Pradesh: $103.5 billion

GDP of Qatar (nearest equivalent): $98.3 billion

GDP per person in Uttar Pradesh: $1,586

GDP per person in Kenya (nearest equivalent): $1,620

Population of Uttar Pradesh: 195.8 million

Population of Brazil (nearest equivalent): 191.5 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: White tigers swim in a pond on a hot day at the zoological park in Hyderabad.
Photographs: Reuters

Andhra Pradesh

GDP of Andhra Pradesh: $85.7 billion

GDP of Slovakia (nearest equivalent): $87.8 billion

GDP per person in Andhra Pradesh: $3,047

GDP per person in Nicaragua (nearest equivalent): $2,950

Population of Andhra Pradesh: 83.6 million

Population of Egypt (nearest equivalent): 83 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: Border Security Force personnel patrol in Kutch district, Gujarat.
Photographs: Reuters

Gujarat

GDP of Gujarat: $80.1 billion

GDP of Angola (nearest equivalent): $80.6 billion

GDP per person in Gujarat: $4,132

GDP per person in Congo-Brazzaville (nearest equivalent): $4,150

Population of Gujarat: 57.1 million

Population of Italy (nearest equivalent): 59.6 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: Fishermen work at Marina Beach in Chennai.
Photographs: Reuters

Tamil Nadu

GDP of Tamil Nadu: $80.1 billion

GDP of Angola (nearest equivalent): $80.6 billion

GDP per person in Tamil Nadu: $3,549

GDP per person in Mongolia (nearest equivalent): $3,550

Population of Tamil Nadu: 66.4 million

Population of Thailand (nearest equivalent): 66.36 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: Students from Rabindra Bharati University dance as they celebrate Basanta Utsab, or Spring Festival, in Kolkata.
Photographs: Reuters

West Bengal

GDP of West Bengal: $76.9 billion

GDP of Angola (nearest equivalent): $77.6 billion

GDP per person in West Bengal: $2,429

GDP per person in Ghana (nearest equivalent): $2,400

Population of West Bengal: 87.5 million

Population of Vietnam (nearest equivalent): 86.1 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: Bangalore.
Photographs: Reuters

Karnataka

GDP of Karnataka: $62.9 billion

GDP of Angola (nearest equivalent): $63.2 billion

GDP per person in Karnataka: $3,199

GDP per person in The Philippines (nearest equivalent): $3,270

Population of Karnataka: 58.6 million

Population of Italy (nearest equivalent): 59.9 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: A view of the Jal Mahal Jaipur, Rajasthan
Photographs: Reuters

Rajasthan

GDP of Rajasthan: $46.3 billion

GDP of Dominican Republic (nearest equivalent): $46.6 billion

GDP per person in Rajasthan: $2,093

GDP per person in Sudan (nearest equivalent): $2,190

Population of Rajasthan: 66.3 million

Population of Thailand (nearest equivalent): 67.0 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: An artisan sits at her stall at Surajkund Crafts Fair in Haryana.
Photographs: Reuters

Haryana

GDP of Haryana: $44.2 billion

GDP Serbia (nearest equivalent): $44.7 billion

GDP per person in Haryana: $5,326

GDP per person in Armenia (nearest equivalent): $5,300

Population of Haryana: 24.8 million

Population of Ghana (nearest equivalent): 23.8 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: People attend a procession of decorated elephants during 'Trichur Pooram' festival at Trichur, Kerala
Photographs: Reuters

Kerala

GDP of Kerala: $41.2 billion

GDP Tunisia (nearest equivalent): $40.9 billion

GDP per person in Kerala: $3,350

GDP per person in Papua New Guinea (nearest equivalent): $3,370

Population of Kerala: 34 million

Population of Canada (nearest equivalent): 33.4 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: Lights illuminate the Golden Temple complex in Amritsar in Punjab.
Photographs: Reuters

Punjab

GDP of Punjab: $40.5 billion

GDP Tunisia (nearest equivalent): $40.9 billion

GDP per person in Punjab: $4.267

GDP per person in Fiji (nearest equivalent): $4,310

Population of Punjab: 28.5 million

Population of Venezuela (nearest equivalent): 28.2 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: A mosque in Bhopal.
Photographs: Reuters

Madhya Pradesh

GDP of Madhya Pradesh: $37.3 billion

GDP Guatemala (nearest equivalent): $39.1 billion

GDP per person in Madhya Pradesh: $1,494

GDP per person in Benin (nearest equivalent): $1,500

Population of Madhya Pradesh: 69.4 million

Population of Turkey (nearest equivalent): 71.9 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: A panaromic view of New Delhi.
Photographs: Reuters

New Delhi

GDP of New Delhi: $36.1 billion

GDP Latvia (nearest equivalent): $33.9 billion

GDP per person in New Delhi: $5,887

GDP per person in Turkmenistan (nearest equivalent): $5,980

Population of New Delhi: 17.2 million

Population of Chile (nearest equivalent): 16.8 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: Visitors at a temple in Bihar.

Bihar

GDP of Bihar: $32.7 billion

GDP Uzbekistan (nearest equivalent): $32.8 billion

GDP per person in Bihar: $1,019

GDP per person in Eritrea (nearest equivalent): $1,020

Population of Bihar: 95.8 million

Population of The Philippines (nearest equivalent): 98 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: An artist works on a sculpture in Puri, Orissa.

Orissa

GDP of Orissa: $31.8 billion

GDP Uruguay (nearest equivalent): $31.5 billion

GDP per person in Orissa: $2,161

GDP per person in Sudan (nearest equivalent): $2,190

Population of Orissa: 40.5 million

Population of Argentina (nearest equivalent): 40.1 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: A view of a waterfall in Chattisgarh.

Chhattisgarh

GDP of Chhattisgarh: $22.7 billion

GDP Cote d Ivoire (nearest equivalent): $22.9 billion

GDP per person in Chhattisgarh: $2,813

GDP per person in Uzbekistan (nearest equivalent): $2,790

Population of Chhattisgarh: 24.5 million

Population of Ghana (nearest equivalent): 23.8 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: A rhino at Kaziranga National Park in Assam.

Assam

GDP of Assam: $18.6 billion

GDP Bolivia (nearest equivalent): $18.2 billion

GDP per person in Assam: $1,843

GDP per person in Tajikistan (nearest equivalent): $1,820

Population of Assam: 30.0 million

Population of Peru (nearest equivalent): 29.6 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: Jharkhand in the spring.

Jharkhand

GDP of Jharkhand: $17.5 billion

GDP Bosnia (nearest equivalent): $16.9 billion

GDP per person in Jharkhand: $1,696

GDP per person in Haiti (nearest equivalent): $1,700

Population of Jharkhand: 30.4 million

Population of Iraq (nearest equivalent): 30.16 million

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How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: A panaromic view of Uttrakhand.

Uttarakhand

GDP of Uttarakhand: $9.9 billion

GDP Mozambique (nearest equivalent): $9.6 billion

GDP per person in Uttarakhand: $3,032

GDP per person in Nicaragua (nearest equivalent): $2,950

Population of Uttarakhand: 9.6 million

Population of Guinea (nearest equivalent): 9.6 million

...

How 20 Indian states fare against the world

Image: Himachal Pradesh.

Himachal Pradesh

GDP of Himachal Pradesh: $8.9 billion

GDP Mauritius (nearest equivalent): $8.9 billion

GDP per person in Himachal Pradesh: $3,781

GDP per person in Honduras (nearest equivalent): $3,730

Population of Himachal Pradesh: 7.1 million

Population of Hong Kong (nearest equivalent): 7.1 million