"I propose a series of measures to deter the generation and use of unaccounted money," Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee said while presenting the Budget for 2012-13 today.
The government has also proposed slapping a tax of 30 per cent on undisclosed money, credits, investments and expenditures, irrespective of the slab of income.
Strengthening its efforts to check black money flow in the system, the Budget has proposed mandatory reporting for every resident having any assets, including financial interest in any entity, overseas. The same would be applicable for those having signing authority in any account located outside India.
"Furnishing of return by such a resident would be mandatory irrespective of the fact whether the resident taxpayer has taxable income or not," according to the Budget.
The proposal would be effective retrospectively from April 1, 2012. Besides, the government would bring in amendment in existing rules for re-opening of I-T return filings up to 16 years, where "the income in relation to any asset... located outside India, chargeable to tax, has escaped assessment".
According to Mukherjee, the government would lay on the table of the House a White Paper on black money in the current session of Parliament.
The Minister proposed introduction of a General Anti Avoidance Rule (GAAR) in order to "counter aggressive tax avoidance schemes, while ensuring that it is used only in
appropriate cases, by enabling a review by a GAAR panel".
Further, the Budget has proposed compulsory reporting requirement in case of assets held abroad and tax collection at source on trading in coal, lignite and iron ore.
Mukherjee said the government plans the tax deduction at source on transfer of immovable property (other than agricultural land) above a specified threshold.
In addition, the government plans to collect tax at source on cash purchase of bullion or jewellery in excess of Rs 2 lakh.
It has also been proposed to "increase the onus of proof on closely-held companies for funds received from shareholders as well as taxing share premium in excess of fair market value".
Further, the Budget has proposed a system of Advance Pricing Agreement (APA) to significantly bring down tax litigation and provide tax certainty to foreign investors.
He said this was relevant in a globalised economy with expanding cross-border production chains and growing trade within entities of the same group.
"Though, the provision for APA has been included in the DTC Bill, 2010, I propose to bring forward its implementation by introducing it in the Finance Bill, 2012, he said.
In 2011, the government had initiated a five-pronged strategy to tackle the "malaise of generation and circulation of black money" and its illegitimate transfer outside India.Union Budget 2012-13: Complete coverage