Inside story: How Anna Hazare and his team won
So we celebrated the victory of the 'power of the people' over 'people in power' on Sunday with kheer, hugs and gulaal. For once, the entire nation actually stood up to assert that we are a democracy, and we are the masters. Today, as the Ramlila ground is empty, and all the volunteers of Team Anna are in our homes catching on some sleep. I simply find it unbelievable that we actually accomplished so much!All this would seem very unlikely as Arvind (Kejriwal) sir would repeatedly say, "We are so disorganised! Just show some discipline for these few days!" frustrated at the team of 20-year olds surrounding him. I, being one of the most 'disorganised' and 'undisciplined' myself would try to hide my face behind the others.
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Image: A supporter holds a portrait of Hazare in front of India Gate during the celebrations after the Gandhian ended his fast in New Delhi
Photographs: Parivartan Sharma/Reuters
'Mass communication reason for success of Anna movement'
This actually sets me thinking, as I sit back and wonder, who and how has made this people's movement so successful and so distinguished. We say it is because of the media, the media persons say it is because of our leadership, the leadership says it is because of the youth! As opposed to a blame game, we are in a game where nobody wants to take the credit. But coming back to the question, I think the reason is all of this!Firstly, the reason for success is mass communication. Whenever somebody asks about the organisation structure of India against Corruption, we say that we have only a 'communication structure.' We have teams to communicate: with the people, with our active volunteers, with our core committee members, and with media persons.
Image: A supporter of Hazare, with his face smeared in pink colour, shouts pro-Hazare slogans during the celebrations
Photographs: Rupak De Chowdhuri/Reuters
'Anna Hazare's life is a message'
Secondly, I feel we succeeded because of our leadership. The best thing that we have is Anna Hazare, one person whose life is his message. He is a hard-core grassroots activist. In his village, he planted trees, did rainwater harvesting, made farming profitable, started a school and ensured prosperity for his villagers.
He then took on bigger fights as he encountered corruption in development projects. "I took the wickets of six ministers. I sent 400 officers home. (6 mantriyo ka wicket liya, 400 officers ko ghar bheja), one dialogue which Anna often says uses describing his fight against corruption. But what has worked more is decentralisation and individualisation of Anna by one slogan "I am Anna".
This embodiment of Anna within each person means that there is no follower, as everybody is the leader himself! I have myself never heard of such a concept before in any other movement, which says that you are the leader -- like for instance "I am Gandhi" or "I am Che Guevera" or "I am Mandela".
If I would think hard, then I can only say that before this I have heard this only in spiritual circles that people say,"I am Atma". I strongly feel these three words "I am Anna" have made this movement so spontaneous across the country. As whenever we would receive a call on the helpline asking 'How can I do something in my area?' -- we would reply 'Sir You are Anna. Just take the initiative and people will join in the noble national cause!"
Image: Supporters of Hazare dance in Mumbai on Sunday
Photographs: Danish Siddiqui/Reuters
'Our leadership kept us in awe of their logic, maturity'
If you would have noted, then I have put our leadership second and communication first. Because I am not blind to the fact that there would be equally competent and genuine people in our country, and just aren't as highlighted by the media. And without communication, people didn't even know who Anna Hazare was!
And in fact, when our leadership got arrested on August 16, a situation we had anticipated, we had kept our communication team underground, only to ensure that communication continues. In those three days, channelising people, informing media persons was most crucial. A Youtube video of Anna Hazare was prepared in advance, which said that people should remain peaceful, not harm any public property and start a 'jail bharo'.
Our helpline number was diverted on four mobiles, and we were informing people on where to go, Chhatrasaal Stadium, India Gate and Tihar jail. We were also constantly communicating with the media persons, as well as co-ordinating with activists across the country. So despite the physical absence and of our leadership, it was communication, which kept the movement going!
Image: People across the country poured onto the streets to celebrate Hazare's success
Photographs: Ajay Verma/Reuters
'Anxious youth gave boost to movement'
They are either students, or preparing for civil services, or professionals who have recently started working. These young minds yearn for a clean and smooth life, and are willing to do their bit for it. They want a change in the system, and they are willing to toil and sweat to make it happen. The boys, who unloaded cartons of water bottles from the truck and distributed it to the crowds, sheepishly confessed that they had not even fetched a glass of water for their mother before this.
The young girls who go outside the houses of MP said that they had never thought that they would ever do anything such that could send them packing to the jail. Even the youth probably didn't know that they had such immense potential to usher in a positive change. One can thus rightly say that while the brain of the movement is old and experienced, the hands and legs of the movement are young and energetic.
But even as I try to rationally list reasons of this people's movement, I still think that it was some magical divine intervention, which made everything happen. And the real secret is, that the magic wand which Manmohan Singh claims does not exist, actually does. And God is rather using it generously, to finally put an end corruption!
Sneha Kothawade, a member of Team Anna, works at Public Cause Research Foundation as part of the communication team.
Image: Hazare's supporters wave national flags in front of India Gate
Photographs: Parivartan Sharma/Reuters