India-Pakistan talks: A breath of fresh air
Though the various issues bedevilling the bilateral relations between India and Pakistan remain stuck, Hina Rabbani Khar has sought to change the ambiance of the bilateral interactions by introducing an element of decency in discourse that was markedly absent under her predecessor, says B Raman.
Hina Rabbani Khar, the young and seemingly forward-looking foreign minister of Pakistan, brought in a breath of fresh air during her short visit to New Delhi on July 26-27, for talks with her Indian counterpart S M Krishna to review the progress in the dialogue process covering various issues since the last meeting of Krishna with her predecessor, Shah Mehmood Qureshi at Islamabad in July last year.
What a near diplomatic disaster the previous meeting between Krishna and Qureshi was due to the totally negative and undiplomatic attitude of Qureshi who used the joint press conference at the end of the talks and another interaction with the media subsequently to talk disparagingly of the Indian foreign minister and in unduly critical terms on India's attitude to the dialogue process -- particularly on the Kashmir issue!
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Image: Foreign Minister S M Krishna shakes hand with his Pakistani counterpart Hina Rabbani Khar in New Delhi on Wednesday
Photographs: B Mathur/Reuters
Diplomatic set-back steered by Qureshi fading away
The set-back that the dialogue process suffered due to Qureshi's attitude has since been set right as a result of the positive outcome of the subsequent meetings between the foreign secretaries of the two countries at Thimpu in Bhutan in February, on the margins of a SAARC meeting and between Prime Ministers Manmohan Singh and Yousuf Raza Gilani at Mohali during the World Cup cricket semi-final between India and Pakistan in the last week of March.
And the more business-like attitude adopted by the senior bureaucrats of the two countries from the interior/home ministries, the foreign offices and other concerned ministries involved in the dialogue process during the interactions that followed the departure of Qureshi from the Pakistani foreign office last February.
Khar, a hand-picked choice of President Asif Ali Zardari, initially as a junior minister and subsequently elevated as the foreign minister on the eve of her visit to India, is a Multani (a Seraiki) like Prime Minister Gilani.
She has sought to bring in a new mindset and impart a new stamp to the way Pakistan handles the dialogue process -- reducing the atmosphere of contention which has been the bane of the dialogue process and injecting an element of decency in the way the Pakistani interlocutors interact with their Indian counterparts.
Image: Former Pakistan FM Shah Mehmood Qureshi
Khar's decent discourse ushers for a change in mind-set
The various issues bedevilling the bilateral relations -- Jammu & Kashmir, cross-border terrorism, Siachen, bilateral trade, water-related differences -- remain stuck up where they were when she took over the responsibility for the conduct of Pakistan's diplomacy, but she has sought to change the ambiance of the bilateral interactions by introducing an element of decency in discourse that was markedly absent under her predecessor.
Her visit has given rise to hopes for a change in the mind-set as a result of a new generation of policy-makers coming to the fore in the Pakistani foreign office under her youthful leadership and guidance. Whether she ultimately succeeds in changing the mind-set or not would depend on the attitude of the army and the Inter-Services Intelligence, which must be watching her moves.
Her elevation as the full-fledged foreign minister and her being put in charge of the dialogue process with India was a carefully-calculated, but subtle attempt by Zardari to regain civilian autonomy in policy-making towards India.
Image: Hina Rabbani Khar arrives in New Delhi airport for bilateral talks on Tuesday
Photographs: B Mathur/Reuters
Will Khar's diplomacy create undue alarm in Pak army?
Whether Zardari succeeds or not would depend on how well Khar conducts her diplomacy -- by keeping up the slow but steady forward momentum in the relations with India without creating undue alarm in the army's general headquarters. There is a need for a new mind-set not only in the Pakistani foreign office, but also in its army and the ISI.
Changing the mind-set of the army and the ISI is not in the hands of a youthful minister like Khar who is taking her first steps in the tricky world of Indo-Pak diplomacy. The army has to realise the need for a change in its mind-set towards India.
Normally, one would have been highly sceptic about the possibility of a change of mind-set in the army and the ISI. But the army and the ISI are highly chastened as a result of their humiliating experience at the hands of the US since the beginning of this year.
There has been an introspection going on in Pakistan at various levels on the wisdom of continuing its past policies of over-dependence on the US and unnecessary confrontation with India. If this introspection leads to a realisation in the army of the need for a change in the mind-set towards India, one can hope to see the breath of fresh air introduced by Khar gain strength and speed.
Image: Pakistan PM Gilani with army chief Ashfaq Parvez Kayani