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Home > India > Business > Budget 2008-09 > Special


All about the new tax scenario

March 04, 2008

Finance Minister P Chidambaram brought about a lot of changes in the country's tax rules when he presented the Union Budget 2008-09 in Parliament on February 29.

What are those changes and how would they affect you? Check out the changes for individuals as well as corporates, as indicated by KPMG in a study.

These rates are subject to enactment of the Finance Bill 2008. The rates are for the Tax Year 2008-09.

1. Income Tax rates

1.1 For Individuals, Hindu Undivided Families, Association of Persons and Body of Individuals

Total Income

Tax Rates

Up to INR 150,000 (a)(b)

NIL

INR 150,001 to INR 300,000

10%

INR 300,001 to INR 500,000 20%

20%

INR 500,001 and above (c)

30%

(a) In the case of a resident woman below the age of 65 years, the basic exemption limit is Rs 180,000.
(b) In the case of a resident individual of the age of 65 years or above, the basic exemption limit is Rs 225,000.
(c) Surcharge is applicable at 10 per cent only where total income exceeds Rs 10,00,000 (Rs 1 million) per year.
(d) Education cess is applicable at 3 per cent on income tax (inclusive of surcharge, if any).
(e) Marginal relief may be available.

1.2 For Co-operative Societies

Total Income

Tax Rates

Up to INR 10,000

10%

INR 10,001 to INR 20,000

20%

INR 20,001 and above

30%

On the above, surcharge is not applicable. Education cess is applicable at the rate of 3 per cent.

1.3 For Local Authorities

Local Authorities are taxable at the rate of 30 per cent
Surcharge is not applicable.
Education cess is applicable at the rate of 3 per cent.

1.4 For Partnership Firms

Partnership Firms are taxable at 30 per cent.

  • Surcharge is applicable at 10 per cent if total income is in excess of Rs 10,000,000.
  • Education cess is applicable at 3 per cent on income tax (inclusive of surcharge, if any).

1.5 For Domestic Companies

  • Domestic companies are taxable @ 30 per cent.
  • Special code for computation of total income of insurance companies. The rate of tax on profits from life insurance business is 12.5 per cent.
  • Surcharge is applicable @ 10 per cent if total income is in excess of Rs 10,000,000.
  • Education cess is applicable @ 3 per cent on income tax (inclusive of surcharge, if any).
  • Marginal relief may be available.

1.6 For Foreign Companies

  • Foreign companies are taxable @ 40 per cent
  • Surcharge is applicable @ 2.5 per cent if total income is in excess of Rs 10,000,000
  • Education cess is applicable @ 3 per cent on income tax (inclusive of surcharge, if any)
  • Marginal relief may be available.

2. MinimumAlternate Tax (MAT)

  • MAT is levied at 10 per cent of the adjusted book profits in the case of companies where income-tax payable on the taxable income according to the normal provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961, is less than 10 per cent of the adjusted book profits.
  • Surcharge is applicable at 10 per cent in the case of domestic companies if the adjusted book profits are in excess of Rs 10,000,000.
  • Education cess is applicable at 3 per cent on income-tax (inclusive of surcharge, if any).

3. Securities Transaction Tax

Securities Transaction Tax is levied on the value of taxable securities transactions as under:

Transaction

Rates

Payable By

Purchase/Sale of equity shares, units of equity oriented mutual fund (delivery based)

0.125%

Purchaser /

Seller

Sale of equity shares, units of equity oriented mutual fund (non �delivery based)

0.025%

Seller

Sale of derivatives (a)

0.017%

Seller

Sale of an option in securities (b)

0.017%

Seller

Sale of an option in securities, where option is exercised (b)

0.125%

Purchaser

Sale of a futures in securities (b)

0.017%

Seller

Sale of unit of an equity oriented fund to the Mutual Fund

0.25%

Seller

(a) Applicable up to May 31, 2008.
(b) Applicable w.e.f. June 1, 2008.

4. Commodities Transaction Tax

Commodities Transaction Tax (CTT) is levied on the value of taxable commodities transactions as under:
 

Transaction

Rates

Payable By

Sale of an option in goods or an option in commodity derivative

0.017%

Seller

Sale of an option in goods or an option in commodity derivative, where option is exercised

0.125%

Purchaser

Sale of any other commodity derivative 

0.017%

Seller

5. Fringe Benefit Tax

Tax on specified fringe benefits provided to employees at 30 per cent plus applicable surcharge and education cess thereon.

6. Wealth Tax

Wealth tax is imposed at1 per cent on the value of specified assets held by the taxpayer in excess of the basic exemption of Rs 1,500,000.

7. Banking Cash Transaction Tax

  • Banking Cash Transaction Tax (BCTT) is levied at the rate of 0.1 per cent of the value of following 'taxable banking transactions' entered with any scheduled bank on any single day:
    -- Withdrawal of cash from any bank account other than a savings bank account; and
    -- Receipt of cash on encashment of term deposit(s).
  • Value of taxable banking transaction that attract BCTT: 

In case of

Amount (INR)

An individual or HUF

> 50,000

Other than an Individual or HUF

> 100,000

  • No BCTT shall be charged on or after 1 April 2009.

8. Dividend Distribution Tax

  • Dividend distributed by an Indian Company is exempt from income-tax in the hands of all shareholders. The Indian company is liable to pay Dividend Distribution Tax (DDT) of 16.995 per cent (i.e. inclusive of surcharge and education cess) on such dividends.
  • The amount of dividend declared by the parent company (i.e. holding more than 50 per cent of capital) will be reduced by the amount of dividend received from its subsidiary company for the purposes of computing DDT payable by the parent company if:
    -- such dividend is received from its subsidiary;
    -- the subsidiary has paid DDT on such dividend; and
    -- the parent company is not a subsidiary of any other company.
  • Income received by unit holders from a Mutual Fund is exempt from income-tax. The Mutual Fund (other than equity oriented mutual fund) will pay income distribution tax of:
    -- 28.325 per cent (inclusive of surcharge and education cess) on income distributed by a money market mutual fund or a liquid fund;
    -- 14.163 per cent (inclusive of surcharge and education cess) on income distributed to any person being an individual or a Hindu Undivided Family by a fund other than a money market mutual fund or a liquid fund; and
    -- 22.660 per cent (inclusive of surcharge and education cess) on income distributed to any other person by a fund other than a money market mutual fund or a liquid fund.

9. Special rates for Non-Residents

(1) The following incomes in the case of Non-Resident are taxed at special rates on gross basis:
 

Nature of Income

Rate (a)

Dividend(b)

20%

Interest received on loans given in foreign currency to Indian concern or Government of India

20%

Income received in respect of units purchased in foreign currency

20%

Royalty or fees for technical Services

For Agreements entered into:
- After 31 May 1997 but before 1 June 2005 -- @ 20%
- On or after 1 June 2005 -- @ 10%

Interest on FCCB, FCEB / Dividend on GDRs(b)

10%

(a) These rates will further increase by surcharge and education cess;
(b) Other than dividends on which DDT has been paid;
(c) In case the non-resident has a Permanent Establishment (PE) in India and the royalty/fees for technical services paid is effectively connected with such, the same could be taxed at 40 per cent (plus surcharge and education cess) on net basis.

(2) Tax on non-resident sportsmen or sports association on specified income at 10 per cent plus applicable surcharge and education cess.

10. Capital Gains
 

Particulars

Short-term capital gain tax

Long-term capital gains tax (a)

Sale transactions of equity shares / unit of an equity oriented fund which attract STT

15%

Nil

Sale transaction other than mentioned above:

Individuals (resident and non-residents)

Progressive slab rates

20% with indexation; 10% without indexation (for units/ zero coupon bonds)

Partnerships (resident and non-resident)

30%

Resident Companies

30%

Overseas financial organisations  specified in section 115AB

40% (corporate)
30% (non-corporate)

10%

FIIs

30%

10%

Other Foreign companies

40%

20% / 10%

Local authority

30%

10% without indexation for units/zero coupon bonds)/20% (for others)

Co-operative society

Progressive slab rates

11. Presumptive Taxation

(1) In the case of a non-resident taxpayer
 

Business

Rate at which income is presumed

Shipping (b)

7.5% of gross receipts

Exploration of mineral oil(b)(c)

10% of gross receipts

Operations of Aircraft(b)

5% of gross receipts

Turnkey power projects (b)/(c)

10%

(2) All resident taxpayers

Business

Rate at which Income is presumed

Civil Construction or supply of

labour for civil construction (a)(b)(c)  

8% of gross receipts

Plying, leasing or hiring of trucks (person should not own over 10 goods carriage at any time during the previous year) (b)(c) 

Rs 3,500 per month/ part of

month for each heavy goods

vehicle.

Rs 3,150 per month/ part of month for each light goods vehicle. 

Retail Business (a)(b)(c)

 

5% of total turnover


(a) The gross receipts of the taxpayer do not exceed Rs 4,000,000.
(b) All deductions/expenses (including depreciation) shall be deemed to have been allowed.
(c) The taxpayer can claim lower profits, if he keeps and maintains specified books of accounts and obtains a tax audit report.

(3) Special code of tonnage tax on income earned by domestic shipping companies.

Personal Tax Scenarios
 

Individual

Income Level

500,000

1,000,000

1,500,000

Current Tax

101,970

256,470

452,067

Proposed Tax

56,650

211,150

402,215

Effective Tax Savings (%)

44

18

11

Resident women below

65 years

Income Level

 

500,000

1,000,000

1,500,000

Current Tax

98,365

252,865

448,102

Proposed Tax

53,560  

208,060  

398,816

Effective Tax Savings  

44,805

44,805

49,286

Effective Tax Savings (%)

46

18

11

Resident senior citizen

Income Level

500,000

1,000,000

1,500,000

Current Tax

88,580

243,080

437,338

Proposed Tax

48,925

203,425

393,718

Effective Tax Savings

39,655

39,655

43,620

Effective Tax Savings (%)

45

16

10


More Specials



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