55. Some 911 completed declarations have been received by the Anti Corruption Unit and of these 21 indicated a yes or positive answer about involvement or knowledge of corruption. 10 of these positive responses were already known to the unit as a result of previous contact, reports and investigations. The remaining 11 positive responses were scrutinized and 6 do not require follow up action. The remaining 5 positive responses are being investigated.
56. The declaration process was well motivated and to some extent it served a purpose in that it raised awareness. However, it was intrinsically flawed because corrupt people were unlikely to respond honestly. Also from the work of my unit, I know that players and others, with justification, were cynical about the confidentiality of completed forms prior to their arrival at the Anti Corruption Unit.
57. In my recommendations I conclude that the self declaration process was not worth the logistical effort and outcome and there are better ways to test and ensure compliance with ethical standards in cricket.
Liaison with Organisations Outside Cricket
58. Corruption is not confined to cricket and I felt it was important to understand the challenge to and response from other sporting organisations. As a result my unit has established links with a number of organisations.
The United Kingdom Jockey Club has, in recent times, faced challenges to the integrity of horse racing and we have established strong working links with those tasked with security in all its aspects.
Corruption in cricket is motivated predominantly by the desire to win money through betting and the Anti Corruption Unit needs to understand all aspects of the betting industry. Even though most betting on fixed matches, or occurrences within matches, takes place in the unlawful betting environment, it was also important for my unit to liaise with lawful industries. We have been briefed on line betting, fixed odds betting, spread betting and the growth of internet betting. We will continue to work closely with relevant organisations to identify risks and threats to cricket and to them.
In the United Kingdom the Gambling Review Body is carrying out a major review and I gave evidence to them on behalf of the International Cricket Council.
In the United States of America, baseball, basketball, american football and ice hockey responded to a history and threat of corruption by forming extensive and well resourced security operations. They also collaborate on joint training and educational programmes. Members of my unit visited these organisations and researched their operating methods. We continue to share best practice with these sporting bodies.
The Next Steps for the Anti Corruption Unit
59. The work to date of the unit can be summarised as follows:
1. We have scoped the size of the problem faced by world cricket and analysed the causes.
2. We have assisted investigators around the world to carry out their criminal, judicial and cricket discipline investigations. The investigation emanating from the CBI report dominated this aspect of our work.
3. We have reasonable grounds for new investigations against a number of individuals. These allegations are not yet in the public domain.
4. We have established productive liaison points in all the member countries and generated trust in our ability to respect the diversity of religious, cultural and political backgrounds.
5. We have put forward an integrated package of recommendations for reform to the ICC in this report.
60. We will build on these foundations. The World Cup in South Africa in 2003 is a significant date for cricket and it is my ambition and intention that corruption in cricket will be under control and reduced to an absolute minimum before then. To fulfil this ambition the programme of work for my unit over the next 12 months will include:
1. Supporting the enquiries arising from the CBI report to a conclusion. The availability of M K Gupta and his willingness to cooperate will be critical to these investigations.
2. Supporting the CBI in two further investigations
a) The links between organised crime and cricket match fixing.
b) Allegations of criminal offences linked to the contract for the television rights and associated matters for the ICC knockout competition in Bangladesh in 1998.
3. Supporting the Judicial Inquiry in Pakistan into allegations about the 1999 World Cup, in particular the match between Pakistan and Bangladesh.
4. Supporting the new Chief Executive and the individual cricket boards to implement the recommendations contained in this report, if approved.
5. Carrying out a series of new investigations into allegations of corruption we have uncovered in recent months, as a result of detailed interviews with players, former players, umpires, referees, groundsmen, administrators and the media. These new investigations are not in the public domain and relate to players, former international players, umpires and other people linked to cricket.
6. If my recommendations are implemented, the ACU will have the ability to prevent corruption by monitoring and frustrating the attempts by corruptors in real time and not just responding to past events. We will be in a stronger position to catch people in the act of corruption and this will lead to criminal and disciplinary proceedings.
Mail Cricket Editor