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How India has changed since independence

August 18, 2014 13:15 IST

How India has changed since independence

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In its 67 years of independence, India has changed considerably. This table shows, growth in gross domestic product has increased steadily and also become less volatile.



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Image: India has changed considerably.
Photographs: Reuters
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How India has changed since independence

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The table shows per capita income in the years since FY53.

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Photographs: Reuters
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Part of the decrease in volatility is because of the change in the structure of the Indian economy, as shown in the table. 



Agriculture is now far less important in terms of the overall economy than in FY51.

This is in spite of considerable success at improving output.

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Photographs: Reuters
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Five times as much rice and almost 15 times as much wheat is produced now than in FY51. 



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The change in some human development indicators is as striking.

Table shows mounting literacy – it is clear the 1980s and the 2000s were especially effective decades.

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Photographs: Reuters
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Table shows how the number of colleges has also increased 30 times.



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Image: IIT, Mumbai
Photographs: Courtesy, Rohan Sethi/Wikimedia Commons
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Meanwhile, the infant mortality rate - the number of children out of 1,000 under the age of a year who die - has decreased steadily, as the table shows.




And, fertility rate, the number of children from an average woman, has declined – in urban areas, it is now well below replacement levels, meaning the urban Indian population would decline if not for migration from villages.



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