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15 countries with biggest gas reserves in the world

Last updated on: June 7, 2012 09:57 IST

15 countries with biggest gas reserves in the world

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Natural gas is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas mixture consisting primarily of methane, with up to 20 per cent of other hydrocarbons as well as impurities in varying amounts such as carbon dioxide.

Natural gas is widely used as an important energy source in many applications including heating buildings, generating electricity, providing heat and power to industry, as fuel for vehicles and as a chemical feedstock in the manufacture of products such as plastics and other commercially important organic chemicals.

Let's take a look at countries that have most natural gas in the world.

Source: The Economist

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Image: A worker checks the valve gears in a natural gas control centre of Turkey's Petroleum and Pipeline Corporation.
Photographs: Umit Bektas/Reuters
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Russia

Conventional: 105 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 112 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 114 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: 141 trillion cubic metres

Global rank: 1

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Image: A view of the Moscow River.
Photographs: Denis Sinyakov/Reuters
Tags: , Russia

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The United States

Conventional: 36 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 45 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 71 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: 73 trillion cubic metres

Global rank: 2

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Image: The Brooklyn Bridge and Manhattan Bridge is seen from the 90th storey of One World Trade Center in New York.
Photographs: Lucas Jackson/Reuters

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15 countries with biggest gas reserves in the world

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China

Conventional: 3 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 5 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 42 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: 51 trillion cubic metres

Global rank: 3

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Image: Horse-drawn carriages pass in front of ice sculptures at the 12th Harbin Ice and Snow World display in Harbin, Heilongjiang province, China.
Photographs: David Gray/Reuters
Tags: , China

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Iran

Conventional: 37 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 41 trillion cubic metres

Shale: N/A

Coal-bed methane: N/A

Global rank: 4

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Image: A view of residential buildings in north western Tehran.
Photographs: Morteza Nikoubazl/Reuters
Tags: , Iran

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Saudi Arabia

Conventional: 36 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 38 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 39 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: N/A

Global rank: 5

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Image: The Kingdom Tower stands in the night above the Saudi capital Riyadh.
Photographs: Ali Jarekji/Reuters
Tags: , Saudi Arabia

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Australia

Conventional: 5 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 13 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 26 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: 28 trillion cubic metres

Global rank: 6

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Image: Shoppers walk through a shopping complex in Melbourne.
Photographs: Mick Tsikas/Reuters
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Qatar

Conventional: 26 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 27 trillion cubic metres

Shale: N/A

Coal-bed methane: N/A

Global rank: 7

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Image: An aerial view of Doha skyline.
Photographs: Fadi Al Assaad/Reuters
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Argentina

Conventional: 2 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 3 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 25 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: N/A

Global rank: 8

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Image: A view of Buenos Aires' 9 de Julio Avenue with the Obelisk in the background.
Photographs: Enrique Marcarian/Reuters
Tags: , Argentina

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Mexico

Conventional: 3 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 4 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 22 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: N/A

Global rank: 9

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Image: A hot air balloon floats past people watching the sunrise at the Sun pyramids of Teotihuacan outside Mexico City.
Photographs: Henry Romero/Reuters
Tags: , Mexico

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Canada

Conventional: 4 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 6 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 18 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: 22 trillion cubic metres

Global rank: 10

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Image: People play volleyball on the front lawn of Parliament Hill in Ottawa.
Photographs: Chris Wattie/Reuters
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Venezuela

Conventional: 8 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 20 trillion cubic metres

Shale: N/A

Coal-bed methane: N/A

Global rank: 11

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Image: Poeple walk next to the statue of national hero Simon Bolivar at central Plaza Bolivar square in Caracas.
Photographs: Jorge Silva/Reuters
Tags: , Venezuela

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Indonesia

Conventional: 8 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 10 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 15 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: 17 trillion cubic metres

Global rank: 12

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Image: Women walk past a shop selling luxury shoes and bags at a shopping mall in Jakarta.
Photographs: Enny Nuraheni/Reuters
Tags: , Indonesia

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Norway

Conventional: 11 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 13 trillion cubic metres

Shale: 15 trillion cubic metres

Coal-bed methane: N/A

Global rank: 13

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Image: A view of the aurora borealis near the city of Tromsoe in Norway.
Photographs: Norsk Telegrambyra/Reuters
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Nigeria

Conventional: 5 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 13 trillion cubic metres

Shale: N/A

Coal-bed methane: N/A

Global rank: 14

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Image: A vendor stands behind her vegetables on sale at the market in Calabar Delta region in Nigeria.
Photographs: Akintunde Akinleye/Reuters
Tags: , Nigeria

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Algeria

Conventional: 5 trillion cubic metres

Tight: 13 trillion cubic metres

Shale: N/A

Coal-bed methane: N/A

Global rank: 15


Image: Algerian coastguards cross the bay of the Mediterranean port of Algiers.
Photographs: Zohra Bensemra/Reuters
Tags: Algeria

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