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CPC emerges largest political party in the world

Last updated on: June 24, 2011 16:06 IST

Image: Actresses of Tujia minority dance as they sing Chinese revolutionary songs in front of a giant flag of the Communist Party of China during a performance to celebrate CPC's 90th anniversary
Photographs: China Daily/Reuters K J M Varma in Beijing

Flourishing well in one-party system, the Communist Party of China's membership exceeded 80 million, making it the largest political party in the world.

The CPC had 80.269 million members by the end of last year, Wang Qinfeng, deputy head of the Organisation Department of the CPC Central Committee told mediapersons in Beijing which was organised in connection with the 90th anniversary of the party.

CPC was founded by Mao Zedong with just 50 members and became 4.5 million when it took over power in 1949 defeating the Kuomintang forces led by Ching Kai Shek.


3.075 million people joined CPC last year

Image: A woman helps to prepare an exhibition about the history of China's Communist Party at the Shanghai Exhibition Centre
Photographs: Aly Song/Reuters

The party was later well integrated into state, with party units in the army and every ministry and government office.

Despite in power for 62 years, the party continued to attract large number of people as 3.075 million people joined the CPC last year, Wang said.

The net increase last year was 2.274 million taking into account members who died or left the party.

The two leading groups in new members were college students and people at the frontline of production or work, such as industrial workers, farmers, herders and migrant workers, both accounting for more than 40 per cent of total new CPC members.

CPC has established 6 schools to provide ideological education

Image: Students in school uniforms link their arms to form the flag of CPC, in celebration of the party's 90th anniversary
Photographs: China Daily/Reuters

The CPC received 21.017 million membership applications last year, a year-on-year increase of 861,000, he said.

Of CPC's members, 18.03 million were women and 5.338 million were from ethnic minority groups in 2010, accounting for 22.5 per cent and 6.6 per cent of the total respectively, according to Wang.

About 6.812 million members worked in CPC and state agencies, and 18.413 million were managerial staff and professional technicians working in enterprises and non-profitable organisations, and 2.539 million were students, Wang said.

Keen to avert a soviet style collapse, the party has established six schools to impart ideological education and to chalk out future ideological direction.

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