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Rediff.com  » Movies » What made Asha Bhosle a SINGING SENSATION

What made Asha Bhosle a SINGING SENSATION

Last updated on: September 05, 2013 16:48 IST

Image: Asha Bhosle
Dinesh Raheja, Editor, Bollywood News Service in Mumbai

Asha Bhosle turns 80 on September 8. We celebrate singing seductress.

Asha Bhosle's tempest-tossed personal life notwithstanding, her indomitable spirit remains proudly intact.

Finding it expedient to seek work at the age of 10 after her father’s death, Asha has literally inched her way up. After singing songs for children, supporting actresses and B-movie leads, she turned the tide in the favour by the mid-1950s.

What followed was an incredible playback career straddling seven decades, each studded with glitteringly vocalized gems.

Asha is now a hall of famer who deserves an entire room to herself!

We present 30 classics from the 15 peak years of this cinematic colossus. 

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1955

Image: Raj Kapoor and Nadira in Shri 420

Chartbuster: Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh
Film: Shri 420
Music Composer: Shankar Jaikishen

This is the blockbuster dance number that made Asha Bhosle Hindi cinema’s definitive singing seductress.

Asha navigates the high notes with consummate ease, while onscreen the glorious Nadira (in a dress ‘cinched so tight that I could barely breathe’) articulates this siren call, egging on Raj Kapoor to strike a Faustian bargain for his soul.

My Choice: Piya Piya Piya Mera Jeeya Pukare
Film: 
Baap Re Baap
Music Composer: O P Nayyar

O P Nayyar introduced audiences to his archetypal ghoda-gaadi (horse cart) rhythm with this wonderfully whacky duet.

When Asha’s spirited vocals harmonise with Kishore Kumar’s yodeling, it’s clear that they are perfectly matched partners in rhyme.

1956

Image: Nimmi in Basant Bahar

Chartbuster: Kar Gaya Mujhpe Jadoo
Film: Basant Bahar
Music Composer: Shankar Jaiskishen

The two divas, Lata and Asha, team up winningly in this duet from Basant Bahar, a veritable cornucopia of classical music.

The sisters had two other memorable double acts this year in Aji Chale Aao (Halaaku) and Manbhavan Ke Ghar Jaaye Gori (Chori Chori).

My Choice: Thandi Thandi Sawan Ki Phuhaar
Film: Jagte Raho
Music Composer: Salil Chowdhury

Cast in one of my favourite ragas, Desh, this lament of a neglected wife captures Asha’s gift for emotional expression. Her voice beautifully merges pathos with a hint of sensuality while intoning Shailendra’s metaphorically phrased Piya Aaj Baati Jali Mat Chhodo.

1957

Image: Vyjayantimala in Naya Daur

Chartbuster: Ude Jab Jab Zulfein Teri
Film: Naya Daur
Music Composer: O P Nayyar

This annus mirabilis established Asha as a superstar singer. She triumphed with a fusillade of hit scores — O P Nayyar’s Naya Daur and Tumsa Nahin Dekha; S D Burman’s Paying Guest and Nau Do Gyarah and C Ramchandra’s Asha, Sharada and Baarish.

In the robust Ude Jab Jab Zulfein, Asha seized her A-list chance and matched Nayyar’s feisty Punjabi dholak beats with verve.

My Choice: Kya Ho Phir Jo Din Rangeela Ho
Film: Nau Do Gyarah
MUsic Composer: S D Burman

Asha and Geeta Dutt are in tantalizing tandem in this wonderfully up-tempo duet, which has Geeta singing for Shashikala onscreen while Asha croons for Helen. 

1958

Image: Madhubala and Kishore Kumar in Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi

Chartbuster: Haal Kaisa Hai Janaab Ka
Film: Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi
Music Composer: S D Burman

Asha channels Madhubala’s free-spirited lightheartedness in this dotty ditty, which topped the Binaca Geetmala (a legendary weekly radio countdown in India for years) countdown for the year.

My Choice: Aaiye Meharbaan Baithiye Jaane Jaan
Film: Howrah Bridge
Music Composer: O P Nayyar

The urban legend that Asha has largely sung cabaret numbers can be summarily dismissed -- in 1958 she sang for legendary leading ladies: Nargis (Gaa Mere Man), Vyjayanthimala (Dekh Hamein Awaaz), Nutan (Yeh Raatein Yeh Mausam) and Madhubala (Chalti Ka Naam Gaaadi, Kaala Paani, Phagun and Howrah Bridge).

From this embarrassment of riches, I choose the torch song Aaiye Meharbaan for its ageless appeal.

1959

Image: Nutan and Sunil Dutt in Sujata

Chartbuster: Kaali Ghata Chhaye Mora Jeeya Ghabraye
Film: Sujata
Music Composer: S D Burman

The song captures the blossoming of romance in the subdued Sujata’s diffident existence. Notice the way Asha repetitively teases the phrase Kya Jaaye’ breathing into it a thousand shades of longing.  

My Choice: Aadha Hai Chandrama Raat Aadhi
Film: Navrang
Music Composer: C Ramchandra

Asha’s playback career got a tremendous fillip when S D Burman and C Ramchandra temporarily stopped recording with Lata in the late 1950s.

As was his wont, Ramchandra highlighted the caramel sweetness in Asha’s voice in Aadha Hai Chandrama.

 

 

1960

Image: Dev Anand in Bambai Ka Babu

Chartbuster: Deewana Mastana Hua Dil
Film: Bambai Ka Babu
Music Composer: S D Burman

With her irresistible opening alaap (the gradual exposition of a raga in a slow tempo) followed by a catchily tuned sargam (notes), Asha makes classical music sound accessible to all.

The meend (gliding from one note to the next) Asha employs is particularly attractive in Ek Naya Afsana… Aaaa, with its echo ringing through the hills that Suchitra Sen is traipsing through onscreen.

My Choice: Beqasi Hadh Se Jab Guzar Jaaye
Film: Kalpana
Music Composer: O P Nayyar

Two decades before Umrao Jaan, Asha made an indelible mark on ghazal singing with this mellifluous Nayyar composition in Desh Raga. Asha’s elegiac rendition is a stellar example of her signature versatility.

1961

Image: Nanda and Dev Anand in Hum Dono

Chartbuster: Abhi Na Jao Chhod Kar
Film: Hum Dono
Music Composer: Jaidev

The romantic wrangling between Asha and Mohammed Rafi in this eternally appealing duet makes one nostalgic for a more innocent time -- Rafi’s wooing, however ardent, is never aggressive and the sting of the rebuff is honeyed by Asha’s delicate infusions of l’amour in her ‘Nahee Nahee Nahee Nahee’.

My Choice: Zulfon Ki Ghata Lekar
Film: Reshmi Rumal
Music Composer: Babul

Asha’s repertoire with underrated composers like Babul can be mined for many a nugget. She embellishes this intricate composition with many a marvelous murki (cluster of notes). 

1962

Image: Rehman and Meena Kumari in Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam

Chartbuster: Bhanwra Bada Nadaan
Film: Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam
Music Composer: Hemant Kumar

Asha’s impish interpretation is an enduring testament to her gift for communicating joy through song.

My Choice: Aap Yunhi Agar Humse Milte Rahe
Film: Ek Musafir Ek Haseena
Music Composer: O P Nayyar

When producer S Mukherjee asked leading lady Sadhana to select her favourite number from Nayyar’s score, she stumped him with: ‘I love them all.’ The audience was galvanised by the notes of the sitar in the musical interludes of Aap Yunhi, but Asha’s silken voice is truly noteworthy.

1963

Image: Asha Parekh in Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon

Chartbuster: Aankhon Se Jo Utri Hai Dil Mein
Film: Phir Wohi Dil Laya Hoon
Music Composer: O P Nayyar

Asha alternates between heavenly humming and alluring alaaps before she launches into the song... the end result is an arrestingly wistful mood melody.

My Choice: O Panchhi Pyaare
Film: Bandini
Music Composer: S D Burman

My music teacher marvels at the fact that Asha makes singing to the Deepchandi taal (a rhythmic cycle of 14 beats) seem like a cakewalk. I relate to the song simply because it leaves me spellbound in its poignant evocation of caged dreams.

Lata Mangeshkar may have been dubbed the nightingale, but Asha sounds as mellifluous as the panchhi or bird (a symbol of freedom) she is addressing here.

1964

Image: Shammi Kapoor and Sharmila Tagore in Kashmir Ki Kali

Chartbuster: Isharon Isharon Mein Dil Lene Waale
Film: Kashmir Ki Kali
Music Composer: O P Nayyar

The full-throated alaap by Mohammad Rafi and Asha in the interlude between the mukhda (the opening lines) and antara (the stanzas), and the ebb and flow in the voices in the antara (it begins softly with ‘Mere Dil Ko Tum Bha Gaye’ and ascends dramatically with Mujhe Jisne Tadpa Diya) is what I call the Baked Alaska effect (Baked Alaska is a dessert that blends two extremes, hot and cold, to create a rare treat.) 

My Choice: (Dilruba, Dil Pe Tu, Shankar Jaikishen)

Mera Naam Hai Shabnam, Sapna Mera Toot Gaya and the unusually structured Dilruba all bear witness to Asha’s proficiency at intertwining dialogue into songs.

Dilruba has thunderous drum beats alternated with Asha and Rafi breaking into impassioned recitation of verse. Each line is like a heartbeat; it can’t be missed. 

1965

Image: Movie poster of Mere Sanam

Chartbuster: Jaaiye Aap Kahan Jayenge
Film: Mere Sanam
Music Composer: O P Nayyar

This song could well contain the message the songstress was delivering to all the composers of the time. Asha’s murki-filled alaap after the second antara of Jaiye Aap is a tour de force.

My Choice: Tora Man Darpan Kehlaye
Film: Kaajal
Music Composer: 
Ravi

Asha’s soulful rendition of this profoundly penned (by Sahir Ludhianvi) bhajan is so insightful, director Ram Maheshwari employs it to mark the beginning and the end of his film.

1966

Image: Asha Parekh and Shammi Kapoor in Teesri Manzil

Chartbuster: Aaja Aaja Main Hoon Pyar Tera
Film: Teesri Manzil
Music Composer: R D Burman

The first successful combination between R D and Asha is studded with superhits such as O Haseena Zulfowali and O Mere Sona Re. But Aaja Aaja with its kick-up-your-heels abandon and frenziedly cataclysmic climax is a cultural landmark that captured the zeitgeist of the swinging 1960s.

My Choice: Jhumka Gira Re
Film: Mera Saaya
Music Composer: Madan Mohan

A Lata aficionado, Madan Mohan always challenged Asha with the songs he selected for her. In Lata-dominated scores such as Woh Kaun Thi and Mera Saaya, the composer gave Asha boisterous solos (Shok Nazar Ki Bijliyan and Jhumka Gira Re) that were standouts. 

1967

Image: Movie poster of Jewel Thief

Chartbuster: Raat Akeli Hai
Film: Jewel Thief
Music Composer: S D Burman

The terraced dynamics (Asha builds up from a whisper to a falsetto crescendo) in this breathy beauty and tempestuous Tanuja’s hip-swiveling moves make for a heady cocktail that leaves Dev Anand cocking his head in amazement.

My Choice: Raat Ke Humsafar
Film: An Evening In Paris
Music Composer: Shankar Jaikishen

The tempo of this dreamy duet is predominantly slow, the singing easy and heady-with-romance, allowing all the time in the world for Paris to envelope Shammi Kapoor, Sharmila Tagore (looking like a million bucks) and you in the beauty of its softly lit streets. 

1967

Image: Asha Parekh in Shikhar

Chartbuster: Parde Mein Rehne Do
Film: Shikar
Music Composer: Shankar Jaikishen

This crowd-pleaser won Asha her first Filmfare award. It begins with an Arabic tune and settles down to something more homegrown, but Asha glides through it all, singing up a storm time each times she intones Meri Tauba while her namesake (Asha Parekh) gyrates in harem pants.

My Choice: Aao Huzoor Tumko
Film: Kismet
Music Composer: O P  Nayyar

Asha’s flair for murkis and her command over the slurring-style of singing is on grand display in this number, which has an intoxicated Babita trying hard onscreen to match Asha’s fireworks.

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1967

Image: Saira Banu and Dharmendra in Aadmi Aur Insan

Chartbuster: Zindagi Ittefaq Hai
Film: Aadmi Aur Insaan
Music Composer: Ravi

Asha’s voice is in full cry in this life-affirming dance number and when paired with Mumtaz’s zestful moves they made this song a superhit. No ittefaq (coincidence) this.

My Choice: Kar Le Pyar Kar Le
Film: Talaash
Music Composer: S D Burman

A kittenish Helen in outsized red boa feathers and a coquettish Asha team up memorably for this captivating cabaret. By now, Asha and Helen had become the country’s resident agents provocateurs.