rediff.com

NewsApp (Free)

Read news as it happens
Download NewsApp

Available on  

Rediff News  All News 
Rediff.com  » News » India among world's 20 LEAST peaceful nations

India among world's 20 LEAST peaceful nations

June 19, 2015 12:19 IST

A student participates in a peace rally to commemorate the 69th anniversary of the atomic bombings of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, in Mumbai. Photograph: Danish Siddiqui/Reuters

According to a report by the Institute for Economics and Peace, an independent, think tank dedicated to shifting the world’s focus to peace as a positive and tangible measure of progress, India ranks 143rd among the 162 countries for the second year in a row.

According to the index, the majority of deaths from terrorism have occurred in countries suffering from protracted civil conflict or war, with 82 per cent of deaths from terrorism in 2013 occurring in just five countries: Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria.

Pakistan stands at rank 154 in the list.

Syria remains the least peaceful country in the 2015 GPI at No. 162, owing to the influx of foreign fighters seeking to join the ranks of terrorist group Islamic State and the entanglement of multiple power struggles between both regional and international influences.

A baker poses with a bun with the Chinese characters 'Ping An', meaning peaceful and safe, inside a bakery at Hong Kong's Cheung Chau island.Photograph: Bobby Yip/Reuters

China, Vietnam and the Philippines have all shown a worsening of their scores in the 2015 index.

According to the report, Myanmar showed a worsening of its score, partly driven by the imposition of martial law in the Kokang Self-Administered Zone in Shan state on the border with China, which is reflected in deterioration in likelihood of violent demonstrations.

The continuing conflict risks intervention from China (rank 124), which would escalate the situation further.

A protester gives the peace sign as personnel enter Creech Air Force Base in Clark County, Nevada. Photograph: David Becker/Reuters

The United Stares stands at rank 94. According to the report, the US has the highest cost of violence containment accounting for 15 per cent of global homicide costs.

This is due to the high per capita income of the US combined with its large population. Other countries with higher homicide rates have a combination of lower per capita income and are less populous.

A sign with the peace symbol is seen during a peace rally against nuclear weapons in front of the Houses of Parliament in London. Photograph: Luke MacGregor/Reuters

The major shifts in Europe have been in the United Kingdom (rank #39) and Germany (#16), which have both shown a trend of decreasing violence containment expenditure in recent years.

A sculpture showing a pistol, inspired by Swedish artist Carl Frederik Reutersvaerd sculpture's 'Non-Violence', is pictured in front of the Reichstag's building in Berlin. Photograoh: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Germany has shown decreases in its level of military expenditure, while the UK has shown large decreases in interpersonal violence and homicide-related costs.

Members of Greenpeace stage a small demonstration outside the Nobel Institute in Oslo. Photograph: Jarl Fr. Erichsen /Scanpix/Reuters

Norway stands at No. 17.

A Shinto shrine gate, with the moon behind it, is seen amid Japan's largest lake, Lake Biwa, in Takashima, Shiga prefecture in western Japan. Photograph: Toru Hanai/Reuters

According to the report, an urban area in Japan must have at least 50,000 residents. But less dense or developed countries often have a much lower threshold.

Japan stands at No. 8.

An Afghan policeman stands guard at a rooftop during a 'Peace Concert' organised by a youth organisation in Kabul. Photograph: Omar Sobhani/Reuters

In 2008, there were only three countries that had a score worse than 3 out of 5: Somalia, Iraq and Sudan.

Congolese children play on a destroyed military tank, abandoned by the M23 rebel fighters who surrendered in Kibumba, near the eastern town of Goma in Congo. Photograph: Kenny Katombe/Reuters

However, by 2015 this increased to nine countries: Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Central African Republic, Somalia, Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Pakistan, highlighting the further deterioration amongst the least peaceful countries in the world.

A police officer stands guard at a peaceful protest near Iceland's Parliament house in Reykjavik. Photograph: Ints Kalnins/Reuters

Iceland is the most peaceful country, with the 10 highest ranking nations in the GPI all being stable democracies. Nordic and Alpine countries are particularly well represented.

Asia-Pacific is also represented at the top, with New Zealand ranked 4th and Australia at 9th.