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10 basic etiquettes for effective communication

Last updated on: May 17, 2011 15:18 IST

10 basic etiquettes for effective communication

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How do you make sure that the person you just met remembers you for the right reasons? Language expert Preeti Shirodkar lists out these ten rules!

Etiquettes can be defined as 'unwritten norms of behaviour that make interaction pleasant'. A little bit of care exercised in displaying etiquettes can open up channels for communication and help in creating a better image of the self/the organisation.

Though fairly simple to follow, they are often either ignored or not displayed.

Isn't it often that we approach a 'pleasant' person, rather than a 'grumpy' person, when we desire to get our issues resolved?

Isn't it also that a 'pleasant' interaction adds a smile to our day and influences our behaviour in turn; while an 'unpleasant' interaction can spoil even the best of days/moods.

Since we all face this challenge at some point, with some person and in some situation or another, it is important to be aware of and adopt a few etiquettes in our interactions with others, whether in a formal or in an informal situation.

Illustration: Uttam Ghosh


Image: The dos and don'ts of effective communication

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A pleasant bearing

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The manner in which a person carries himself/herself and the expressions s/he displays can go a long way in enhancing communication.

The first impression that a person gets of another is what s/he sees and though it is not necessary to be a 'model', being properly dressed, neat and clean creates a pleasant impression.

Moreover, the way a person is sitting or standing while interacting with another can also communicate a great deal about the value the person attaches to the other person/communication.

Finally, a pleasant smile (if the matter is not serious), intermittent nodding of the head and displaying appropriate expressions and reactions pave the way for effective communication.

Illustration: Uttam Ghosh


Image: Everyone likes to interact with a pleasant person

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Greeting a person

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The first time in the day one meets another person, it is important to greet him/her by wishing him/her 'Good Day' in a cheerful tone.

This creates a pleasant feeling. However care should be taken that the greeting does not sound forced, dull or bored, as it then completely loses its impact.

So too, however many times one crosses that person in the course of the day, it is necessary to acknowledge his/her presence through a nod accompanied by a smile.

Illustration: Uttam Ghosh


Image: Don't pretend to ignore your colleague's presence

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Offering a seat

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One does not know how long the interaction between the people interacting will last. It is thus necessary to offer the person a seat, after greeting the person.

This also reduces the awkwardness of the person sitting having to look up at the person and developing a crick in the neck or the person standing having to constantly look down.

Illustration: Uttam Ghosh


Image: You never know how long an interaction will last. Make sure you offer a seat

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Offering water

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If one has a visitor (a person who does not belong to the same office), it is important to offer him/her water, since that help make him/her comfortable and can put him/her at ease.


Image: Offering someone a glass of water is the least you can do.

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Listening carefully without interruption

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One of the greatest obstructions in effective communication is that most receivers look upon listening as a time when they are waiting to put their views forward, rather than listening attentively.

This not merely disturbs the speaker and breaks the thought process but also hampers gathering the complete message by focussing on it.

Illustration: Uttam Ghosh


Image: Give the guy a break, listen to him entirely before countering

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Paying undivided attention

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One should avoid multitasking or exchanging reactions with others while a person is communicating, as it can prove very discouraging or distracting.


Image: Multitasking is fine. But not all the time. Definitely not when you're having a conversation

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Addressing the issue completely

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If a person comes to another with a difficulty/problem/an issue, it is important to work on it, even if it requires follow-ups till it is resolved.

Moreover, at every stage, it is important to provide a feedback, in order to keep the other person(s) in the loop and prevent anxiety, miscommunication or duplication of efforts.

Illustration: Uttam Ghosh


Image: While addressing an issue, keep the other person in the loop at all times so they're not clueless

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Offering explanations for inadequacy

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Rather than saying a blanket 'no', providing an explanation about one's action can help the other person appreciate one's constraints or understand one's point of view.

However, it is important at all times to keep in mind the difference between reasons and excuses, while offering an explanation; as excuses can further aggravate a person facing refusal.

Illustration: Uttam Ghosh


Image: Rather than shooting off your mouth explain why you cannot do something, reasonably

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Resolving all questions/doubts

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Instead of focussing on winding up the communication/interaction/issue, it is important to give it adequate time, so that any doubts that the listener/reader may have are resolved to his/her satisfaction.

This prevents miscommunication, repetitive communication or failed communication.

Illustration: Dominic Xavier


Image: Make sure you have resolved all the doubts the person might have

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Pleasant parting

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To make a lasting impression on a person, it is important to part cordially. Courtesy phrases, like 'Have a great day', 'hope this resolves your issue', 'take care', 'sorry', 'thanks' etc can leave the other person with a good feeling.   

There is no doubt that '(Even) To disagree, one doesn't have to be disagreeable' - Barry M. Goldwater and Jack Casserly, Goldwater

Illustration: Uttam Ghosh


Image: Make sure you part cordially

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