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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

Last updated on: August 6, 2012 08:55 IST

The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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One of the world's most amazing railway projects, Jungfrau Railway completed 100 years on August 1.

Photographs, courtesy: Jungfrau Railway

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Image: Jungfrau Railway.


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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Europe's highest-altitude railway station was officially opened on August 1 1912. The Jungfrau Railway celebrated its centenary with a grand firework display.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Forty-eight flares burned for five minutes on the north walls of the Eiger and Monch mountains to illustrate the route taken by the Jungfrau Railway.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Visitors to the centenary celebrations followed the spectacle from beneath the Eiger North Wall.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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During their one-hundred-year history, the Jungfrau Railway and the Jungfraujoch have become tourism hotspots.

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Image: A tourist poses for a pictures in the Ice Palace glacier cave at the Jungfraujoch (altitude 3454 metres/11333 feet).
Photographs: Arnd Wiegmann/Reuters.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Today, about 750,000 people visit Europe's highest-altitude railway station every year of whom more than 60 per cent come from Asia.

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Image: Tourists take pictures of ice sculptures in the Ice Palace glacier cave at the Jungfraujoch.
Photographs: Arnd Wiegmann/Reuters.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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The train which started operations in 1912 takes passengers from Kleine Scheidegg to the Jungfraujoch, Europe's highest-altitude railway station in a world of rock, ice and snow – at an altitude of 3,454 metres.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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The railway runs almost entirely within a tunnel built into the Eiger and Monch mountains.

It has two stations in the middle of the tunnel, where passengers can disembark to see the neighbouring mountains through the windows.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Jungfraubahn Holding company operates the train service. Seven of the nine kilometres of railway are in a tunnel hewn in the rock of the Eiger and Monch.

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Image: Scenic route of Jungfrau Railway.


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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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The train stops for five minutes at each of two intermediate stations, the Eigerwand (Eiger Wall) and Eismeer (Sea of Ice).

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Image: Scenic route of Jungfrau Railway.


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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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The Jungfrau Railway climbs a height of 1,400 metres in 50 minutes.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Jungfrau Railway has an illustrious history.

On 20 December1893, industrialist Adolf Guyer-Zeller applied for a concession to build a cogwheel railway from the station of the Wengernalp Railway (WAB) on Kleine Scheidegg to the summit of the Jungfrau via a long tunnel through the rock of the Eiger and Monch massif.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Work on this mountainous region started on 27 July 1896, marking the start of Jungfrau Railway construction.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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After two years on 19 September 1898, the section in open terrain from Kleine Scheidegg station to the Eigergletscher (Eiger Glacier) station at the foot of the Eiger was put into service.

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Image: Scenic route of the railway.


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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Adolf Guyer-Zeller, the driving force behind the Jungfrau Railway died before the work was completed.

Guyer-Zeller's sons continued the construction. The Eigerwand station in the middle of the Eiger North Wall could be officially opened only by June 1903.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Two years later, on 25 July 1905, it was possible to open the section to the stop at Eismeer, about 3,160 metres above sea level, offering stunning views of glaciers.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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The history of the construction of the Jungfrau Railway had its shares of ups and downs - blasting accidents, strikes and financial problems.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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It is noteworthy that the Eismeer to Jungfraujoch section first operated as an adhesion railway and then as a cogwheel system in the last section before the Jungfraujoch.

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The stunning Jungfrau Railway completes 100 years

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Special locomotives for use with adhesion and cogwheel systems had to be acquired.

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In 1951, the entire railway was converted to a cogwheel system, simplifying operations.



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