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lpd`S> > cpfs-`pqL$sp_ kb^ > dygpL$ps



11 S|>_, 2003

cpfs_p _peb hX$p ^p__u dygpL$ps_p uš cpN
cpfs_p _peb hX$p ^p__u dygpL$ps_p `lgp cpN

AX$hpZu_u dygpL$ps- cpN buš

Ad_u dygpL$ps_p bu cpNdp _peb hX$p ^p_ Ag. L$. AX$hpZu A[TeyqV$h AqX$V$f iugp c$_ L$l R> L$, S>dy A_ L$pduf_ kb^ R> ep ky^u Ap kfL$pf dyp_u QQp L$fi A_ A_p r_hX$p gphi.

`fsy 16 drl_p `lgp sd `pqL$sp_ kpd "DN rhL$`' S>hp iv$p hp`fgp A_ kflv$ `f `|fsu kepdp gL$f NpW$hhpdp Apey lsy. iprsepkp_u lfps \ep `R>u `Z, ApS> kyp cpfsue gL$f "k` rh_pi'_u L$pehplu i$ L$fu R>. 7,000 qL$gpNpd fi_ A_ v$p$Npmp kp\ pkhpv$uAp Qpf hj\u cpfsue c|rddp lsp... hNf hNf. Aphu hpsrhL$spAp_ šsp iprs_p epkp `pR>m_p sL$ L$V$gpL$ r_Zpsp_ Nm Esfhp dyL$g b_ R>.

sd Ap_ iprsepk L$lp R>p. lz A_ v$i_p AL$ _sp_u Arce[s L$lui. sAp L$l R> L$ Ap (iysp)\u L$pC_ gpc \hp_p _\u. L$pCL$ MfMf kpQy S> r_funZ L$ey lsy L$, S>dy A_ L$pduf Ahp dyp R> S>_ cpfs L$ `pqL$sp_ L$pC S> gL$fu fus su iL$ Ad _\u. Ap r_funZ AL$ `pqL$sp_u pfp L$fpey lsy. Ap Ahp dyp R> L$ S>_ fpS>L$ue fus lpfu S>hp_y `Z `pgh Ahy _\u.

sd klds \pAp R>p?

_p. `pR>gp cpN AN lz L$lui L$, A `pqL$sp_ dpV$ fpS>L$ue fus L$v$pQ dpV$y _yL$kp_ lpC iL$, d_ Mbf _\u. `Z cpfs dpV$, A dyp_u `psp_u Mprkes_ L$pfZ Ahy _\u (A fpS>L$ue _yL$kp_ _\u). Sy>Ap, Qu_ kp\_p kflv$_p rhhpv$ AN L$d L$pC AV$gy DL$fpsy _\u.

lz ApNm L$lui L$ 1947dp Ahp gpL$p lsp S>ApA Ad L$y lsy L$ Ap`Z cpNgp kp\ L$hu fus L$pedu dm bkpX$u iL$uiy? Ahp kde Aphi S>_ ApS> `pqL$sp_ sfuL$ ApmMhpdp Aph R> s cpfs_p rlkp b_u S>i. 1947dp Aphu `qf[\rs lsu.

d_ epv$ R> L$ `pR>m\u dpfp `psp_p `n_p _sp _ dpfp Apv$i Ahp v$u_v$epm D`pepe_ fpd d_plf gprlepA L$y lsy L$ 1952_u `lgu kpdpe Q|V$Zu, sAp A Q|V$Zu epdpkpv$ dyMf_p _sh lW$m gX$p lsp, dpV$_p sdpfp `lgp Q|V$ZuY$Y$fp (S>_kO_p Q|V$ZuY$Y$fp) Ad S>Zphsp lsp L$, Ad AMX$ cpfs_u sfaZdp R>uA.

gprlepA D`pepe_ L$y lsy L$, lh sdpfp Ap Qp$k r_hv$_\u kffpi dy[gdp_ Ahy gpNi L$ sd š kpdp Aphip sp `pqL$sp_ `f Ap$dZ L$fip A_ `pqL$sp__ cpfs kp\ cmhu v$ip. v$u_v$epm D`pepe S>hpbdp L$y lsy L$, Ap Adpfy ge _\u. Nd sd spe `pqL$sp_ ApS> AL$ kphcpd v$i R> A_ rhcpS>_ bpbs sp Ap`Zp _spAp klds \ep lsp.

Ad Ahy hgZ ^fphsp lsp L$ Adpf rhcpS>_ kp\ klds \hp_y _lpsy. Ad Ahy hgZ ^fphsp lsp L$ A L$pC `Z v$i_ dv$v$Npf _\u b_hp_y. lz sp le Ahy hgZ ^fphy Ry> L$ rhcpS>_ L$pC `Z v$i_ gpcL$pfL$ _\u bey A_ lz Ahp kde šJ Ry> L$ epf Ap b_ v$ip L$pCL$ L$pf_p L$p_aX$fi_- kO- kNW$_ dpV$ h[R>L$ fus klds \i. dpf dpV$ sp A S> AMX$ cpfs R>.

AMX$ cpfs_p sdpfp r$L$pZ `pR>m_p sdpfp dpl sp L$pC kd iL$, `Z sL$ A_ V$L$p Ap`sp _\u. A L$hu fus hpsrhL$spdp afhpC iL$?

lz A bpbs_ A_ykfsp _\u. kde_p Qp$k Npmpdp š L$CL$ L$lhpey lpe sp A_ kph S> ip[v$L$ fus _ ghy šCA A hps `f cpf d|L$hp S> as lz Ap bpbs hNmp kv$cdp v$iphy Ry>.

lz š Ap AN bpgy sp X$L$ AqX$V$f (Ap Alhpg_y) Ahy iujL$ bp^i L$, "AX$hpZu cpfs A_ `pqL$sp__p L$p_aX$fi__p rldpesu'. lz sp as AV$gy S> L$lz Ry> L$ rhcpS>_ A\lu_ lsy A_ b_ v$ipA A bpbs kd ghu šCA.

iprsq$ep AN kkv$dp `psp_p hsedp hX$p ^p_ hpS>`euA dygped tkl epv$h (kdpS>hpv$u `n_p dyM)_ QpMy S> L$y lsy L$, Aphp rhQpf kpL$pf _rl S> \C iL$. iy A sd_ `$ kv$i lsp L$?

AdZ Aphy L$p_u d_ Mbf R>. A_u `pR>m L$pfZ lsy. gprlep A_ v$u_v$epmA AMX$ cpfs_p dyء AL$ keys r_hv$_ blpf `pX$y lsy. (dygped tkl epv$h gprlep_p A_yepeu R>.)

`fsy lz sp A ke_p DgM L$fy Ry> L$ cpfsuep hcph\u eyMpf _\u. A gpL$p ApNm_y Sy>A R>. sAp v$i_u A_ rh_u iprs_p gpcdp iy R> A kv$c šC iL$ R>. AV$g S> A gpL$p rhcpS>_ kp\ dm bkpX$u iep. AV$g S> v$u_v$epm S>hu e[s cpfs A_ `pqL$sp__p L$p_aX$fi__p rhQpf L$fu iL$u. dpV$ lz `pqL$sp_ kp\ dZpdp L$iu dyL$gu šsp _\u. hpV$pOpV$p L$fhp v$p, QQp L$fhp v$p. S>dy A_ L$pdufdp eyp \ep. ey v$frdep_ Oτ b^y \ey.

kkv$_p W$fph Ap`Z_ ey v$frdep_ S> L$C \ey A_ fv$ L$fhp_y L$l R>. S>dy A_ L$pduf AN kkv$_p W$fph R>, Qu_ AN `Z kkv$_p W$fph R>.

A b_ fp$p kv$c R>, `Z cpfs_u Av$f S> gpNZuAp DapZ QY$ R> s kkv$_p W$fph_ gu^ _rl `Z `pqL$sp__p hsph_ L$pfZ _ Qu__p rc_ hsph_ L$pfZ.

ALy$i lfpm_ Apsffp$ue kflv$dp afhu _pMhp_p L$lhpsp AdqfL$_ DL$g R>. L$V$gpL$ cpfsue r_Zpsp A_ fpS>pfuAp_u Ahu qV$`Zu šhp dmu R> L$ cpfs kss gplu hlsy fpMhp _\u dpNsy AV$g gpL$p L$v$pQ A bpbs kp\ klds \i.

...`Z iugp sd pkhpv$_ c|gu Ap R>p. 1971_p ey `R>u pkhpv$ Apep R>. ey kdps \ey epf rkdgp L$fpf pfp ALy$i lfpm_ Apsffp$ue kflv$dp afhu _pMu_ L$pduf_u kdep_p AL$ TpV$L$ As gphu v$ Ahy udsu Np^uA _ šey dpV$ Ad_p\u _pfpS> \_pfp OZp gpL$p cpfsdp lsp.

A aqfepv$ lsu. AdZ S>Zpey lsy L$, "Dlp_ pqdk qL$ep \p.' (`pqL$sp_ L$pdufkdep_p As gphhp_y hQ_ Apey lsy.) A (`pqL$sp__p hX$p ^p_ TyauL$pf Agu cy$pA Ap`gy) hQ_ grMsdp _lpsy ghpey. blz gpbp kde\u gpL$p_p Ap d|X$ lsp, rhQpf lsp.

ApS> gpL$p_p ip d|X$ R>?

d_ Mbf _\u. d_ Mbf _\u. L$pduf_ kb^ R> ep ky^u lz AV$gy S> L$lu iLy$, lz S>dy A_ L$pduf Ad L$lhp dpNy Ry>- Ad QQp L$fuiy A_ Ad A_p r_hX$p gphuiy.

brg_dp (Ad_u spS>sf_u epp v$frdep_) AV$gA L$y lsy L$, epL$ L$pC _ L$pC L$ppdpBT lpsp l. A d `fhT dyifa_ `Z L$y lsy.

Nd sd `Z rhdp epf ep`L$ dscv$p R> AV$g ApMf L$pC_ L$pC sp DL$g ghpe S>, `Z ApS>_p kde_u ApheL$sp R> L$pC ey, en L$ `fpn, _ \hy šCA.

`ps iprs dmhi A\hp r_h \i, Ad X$f `uNg_ L$lu_ hX$p ^p_ hpS>`euA `psp_u S>hpbv$pfu h^pfu d|L$u R>.

(Ar_R>p\u) A blz dlh_y r_hv$_ R>. d ep L$lwNp?

(hX$p ^p_ `pR>m\u qV$`Zu_ lmhu b_phhp_p epk L$ep lsp. Ad_p Ar^L$pfuApA L$y lsy L$ š Ad_p iprs dpV$_p epkp r_am S>i sp Ad_ A epkp `X$sp d|L$hp `X$i, Ahy Ad_p L$lhp_p A\ lsp.)

sd_ _\u gpNsy L$ Ad_u S>hpbv$pfu lh MfMf blz h^u NC R>?

(L$pC S> rscph _rl)

(Ap dygpL$ps AV$g rblpfu hpS>`eu A_ Ag.L$. AX$hpZu hQ _spNufu AN_p blz NpS>gp dyp_u `lgp ghpC lsu. dNmhpf AX$hpZuA L$y lsy L$, hpS>`eu S> ApNpdu hX$p ^p_ b_i)

cpfs_p _peb hX$p ^p__u dygpL$ps_p uš cpN
cpfs_p _peb hX$p ^p__u dygpL$ps_p `lgp cpN


sdpfp dpV$

rd_ dpL$gp

kfm rV$

Ap`_p Arcpe







lpd`S> 
 kv$pL$pm NyS>fps 
 Apep b^p... 
 V$pfuV$pBd 
 `lgy kyM 
 TV$`V$ fkpC 
 dpshv$_p 
 dyhuV$pBd 
 dygpL$ps 
 qfqX$a `eg 
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