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lpd`S> > h^y kdpQpfp > q$L$V$

Cf_u v$_ : kQu_ sXy$gL$f

23 Arg, 2003

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kQu_ fdsp lpe epf gpL$p sd_p vy$Mv$v$ c|gu e R>. kQu_ kspdp ApDV$ \C e sp dpsd agpC R>, Z L$pC dpV$u Ap`r Aphu _ `X$u lpe, fpV$ue vy$OV$_p _ b_u lpe! kQu_ q$L$V$_p rh$dp_p epfe `uR>p L$ep _\u, rh$dp S> kQu__p `uR>p L$fsp Apep R>.

"q$L$V$ Adpfp ^d R> A_ kQu_ sXy$gL$f Adpfp cNhp_ R>'. v$rnZ ApqL$pdp fdpC Negp ApW$dp rhL$`dp AL$ dQdp cpfs_p q$L$V$QplL$pA Aphp b_f hX$ kQu_ sXy$gL$f e_p sAp_p A_lv$ d es L$ep lsp. AL$ fdshuf dpV$ Ap_p\u h^y Ap_v$_u L$ Npfh_u bu hps iu lpC iL$?

Aepf AL$qv$hkue q$L$V$_p k|e dep R>. Ahu S> fus kQu__u rscp A_ kamsp_p k|e `Z dep R>. š `pqL$sp_ kpd AZu_p kde S> L$pf_u fds_y v$i_ kQu_ L$ey shy š kpfh NpNygu L$ fplzg rhX$ L$ey lps sp S>$f Ape \pe. L$d L$ sAp A L$pf_u "kbgpBd' bqV$N L$fu iL$hp_u [\rsdp S> _\u. Aphu L$mp, Aphu Ad|e cV$ Cf b^p_ _\u Ap`sp, `fsy sZ kQu__ b_ lp\ gMg|V$ glpZu L$fu R>.

_hpC_u hps A R> L$ `pqL$sp_ kpd_u kQu__u 98 f__u Bt_k `R>u s_p `f rh_p M|ZM|Z\u ikp_p ^p^ hp lsp. Mpk L$fu_ HgX$_u Qp\u Nuf sp s_ X$rhX$ bL$ld_ `Z epfe dp_ _ Apey lpe shp Apv$f Apep lsp. Z L$ kQu_ `pk\u Ap L$pf_u Aagps|_ bqV$N_u L$`_p S> _lpsu! lL$uL$sdp kQu_ dpV$p kN dpV$p V$S> `f ceprsce fds fdhp dpV$ V$hpegp S> R> A_ AV$g S> s_u A dQrht_N Br_k rhL$`_p A sb$ A`rns S> lsu.

kQu__ Apsffp$ue q$L$V$nӡ ApS> `v$f hj \C Nep R> A_ AZ kamsp A_ rkqAp_p S> riMfp kf L$ep R> s dp "rS>r_ek' S> L$fu iL$. d_u hps sp A R> L$ kQu_ l ukdp hjdp hi R>. š s_u l\ A_ qaV$_k S>mhpC fl sp kQu_ Aph_pfp `pQ-R> hjdp V$V$ A_ h_X$ q$L$V$dp iy _l] L$f s_u L$`_pdp\u fyhpX$p Ecp \C e R>.

flu hps s_p apd_u, sp kQu_ S>hp MgpX$uAp epfe "ApDV$ Apa apd' lpsp S> _\u. lp, kQu__p dkdpV$p L$pk\u V$hpC Negp lphp\u Ap`Z_ epfL$ s_p 50-60 f_ v$Mpsp S> _\u. A_ AV$g s "ApDV$ Apa apd' gpNhp dpX$ R>. X$p_ bX$d__u kv$uAp\u V$hpC NegpAp_ `Z epf s 80 L$ 90_p Sy>dg ApDV$ \sp epf "ApDV$ Apa apd' gpNhp dpX$sp. Af, AL$ hMs bX$d_ epf qaV$u dpfu_ ApDV$ \C Nep epf HgX$_p rheps "^ V$pBk' AMbpf sp b_f lX$gpB_ kp\ \d `p_ kdpQpf QdL$pep lsp L$, "bX$d_ aBk!'

bX$d_ kp\ "kfMphpC' S>hp_y blzdp_ rh_p L$V$gpL$ bV$kd_p_ dey R>. Aphp hufgpApdp Nud `pgpL$, bfu qfQX$k, rhh qfQX$k, Tluf Abpk, ky_ug NphkL$f, bpe_ gpfp A_ kQu_ sp Mfp S>, `fsy Nlpd luL$ S>hp_ `Z s_u 1988_u \d L$np_u b_d|_ kuT__ gu^ L$V$gpL$ AZkdSy> rhhQL$p bX$d_ kp\ kfMphhp_u ^$sp L$fu bW$p lsp. `fsy lL$uL$sdp `pgpL$, bfu, rhh A_ kQu__ bpv$ L$fsp (A_ hjp `lgp bX$d__p kdL$pgu_ epS> lX$gu S>_ gpL$p "gL$ bX$d_' sfuL$ hZhsp) q$L$V$_p Brslpkdp L$pC bV$kd_ Ahp _\u `pep S> bX$d__u lfpmdp `N _pMhp_u hps sp v|$f flu, s_u _L$ `Z _ Aphu iL$.

`fsy kQu_ Al] `Z dv$p_ dpfu e R>. Myv$ bX$d_ L$b|ey lsy L$ kQu__u bV$kd_ri` sd_ `psp_u bqV$Nigu_u epv$ Ap` R>. bX$d_ kQu__p S>V$gp hMpZ L$ep sV$gp hMpZ L$pC bV$kd__p _\u L$ep. bX$d_ `psp_p _hydp S>dqv$__u DS>hZu_p cpN$` as kQu_ A_ i_ hp__ S> s_p Of Mpk "Apdrs' L$ep lsp. AV$gy S> _l], bX$d_ kQu__ `psp_p q$L$V$ Brslpk_u dlp_sd AL$pv$i (Bgh_)dp Npfhhsy \p_ Apey lsy.

rhyshNu awV$hL$, `faV$ V$pBtdN, gpMX$u L$pX$p A_ bpS> S>hu r$ kQu__ AL$ M|b S> Msf_pL$ bV$kd_ b_ph R>. kQu_ v$X$p_ lhpdp `pfMu g R> A_ AV$g S> s_u `pk `psp_p V$pL$ `kv$ L$fhp dpV$ OZp S> kde lpe R>. Aphu "rNV$' blz S|>S> bV$kd_pdp šhp dm R>. bX$d_ `pk Ap "brnk' lsu., rhh qfQX$k `pk lsu, NyX$`p rh_p\ `pk lsu. hmu, kQu__p Apdrhpk, d_pbm A_ f_p_u c|M `Z AV$gp b^p šfv$pf R> L$ s Ar_hpe`Z, kss`Z kamsp_ hf R>.

sdpfu `pk rscp lpe A_ sd_ epe sL$ dmhp R>sp `Z š sd ep ky^u epe `fapdk _ Ap`u iL$p sp sd_ L$pC epv$ _\u L$fsy. hV$ BX$uT_p gpfk fp A_ L$pg lw`f, cpfs_p Ag.`u. B A_ rh_pv$ L$pbgu, ApV$rgep_p `uV$f Vy$v$u A_ $N kpS>V$ hNf Ap_p L$V$gpL$ ApNhp Dv$plfZ R>, `fsy kQu_ `psp_u rscp_ bfpbf epe Apep R> A_ s_p rhi_u sdpd AV$L$mp, sdpd crhehpZuAp kp\L$ L$fu bsphu R>.

1987dp frh ipuA bubuku_p `qV$L$ dfau_ AL$ dygpL$psdp L$y lsy L$, ""cpfsdp kQu_ sXy$gL$f _pd_p AL$ eyhp_ bV$kd_ R>, S>_ q$L$V$_u fds fdhp dpV$ "D`f'\u dpL$ghpdp Apep R>. s S>dZfu bV$kd_ R>, `pQ awV$ Qpf HQ KQp R> A_ as `v$f hj_p R>, `fsy lz Ap`_ rhpk`|hL$ L$lz Ry> L$ A blz S>gv$u rh_p AL$ dlp_ bV$kd_ b_u S>i.''

ipu_u Ap hps A_ kQu_ rhi_u s_u crhehpZu\u cprhs \C_ Bep_ Q`g L$y lsy L$, ""kQu__u bqV$N šhp dpV$ A^ufp \C Nep Ry> A_ lz h^y fpl šC iLy$ sd _\u. lz Apip fpMy Ry> L$ kQu__p Apsffp$ue sMsp `f ApNd_ `lgp d_ "D`f' _l] bpgphu ghpdp Aph.''

1989dp as kpm hj_u _pSy>L$ he sp kQu_ cpfs sfa\u V$V$q$L$V$dp `v$p`Z L$fu Q|ep lsp. bk, bpL$u b^y sp Brslpk R>. kQu_ OZpb^p Apip`v$ MgpX$uAp\u Sy>v$p A fus `X$ R> L$ s_ dp _V$kdp fdsp šC_ `Z q$L$V$_p M|b S> Ncuf NZpsp `qX$sp (S>dp Bep_ Q`g_p `Z kdphi \C e R>) `Z s_u bqV$N_p ddp `X$u e R> A_ s_p dpapV$ hMpZ L$fhp gpN R>.

kQu_ Z R> L$ s_p eyhp_ `Z i[sipmu McpAp `f L$V$gy hS>_ R>, L$V$gu S>hpbv$pfu R>. kQu_ Aes Mfpb rhL$V$p `f, M|b S> rhL$V$ `qf[\rsApdp, apV$ sd S> V$r_N r`Qp `f, spap_u apV$ bpgfp sd S> [`__p vy$Nfp kpd rh_p sdpd v$ipdp `psp_p V$gV$_u A_L$ hMs fuskf_u "`fX$' L$fu_ lfL$pC_u v$pv$ dmhu R>.

rh_p L$V$gpL$ dp^psp bV$kd_p_ `Z syR> NZsp g_ dL$Np\, bV$ gu, i_ hp_, hkud AL$fd, hL$pf ey_yk, ipAb Asf, kL$g_ dyspL$, QtdX$p hpk, dy\ep dyfgu^f_, Ag_ X$p_pX$, ip_ `pgpL$, AX$u L$qX$L$ A_ X$f_ Npa `Z kQu_ kpd Apv$f`|hL$ Sy>A R>.

h_-X$ lpe L$ V$V$-q$L$V$, \d L$np_u dQ lpe L$ QqfV$u dQ, kQu__u $uT `f lpS>fu\u V$qX$edp cfpC e R>. gpL$p rhL$V$ `f s_p ApNd__ rQrQepfuAp\u h^phu d|L$ R>. A_ ep ky^u s rhL$V$ D`f Ecp fl R> epf dp V$qX$eddp S> _l] `Z Ake X$pHN$dpdp `Z AL$ Dkpl L$ `pV$} S>hy hpsphfZ lpe R>. ep ky^u kQu_ rhL$V$ `f lpe R> ep ky^u cpfshpkuAp `psp_p L$pdL$pS> sp Mfp, `fsy vy$Mv$v$ `Z c|gu e R>.

ApS> v$idp epf A^p^|^u_y hpsphfZ R>, epf b^y fpdcfpk Qpg R>, gpL$p_u kdepApdp qv$_rsqv$_ h^pfp \sp e R> epf dp A_ dp kQu_ S> L$fpX$p cpfshpkuAp_ \pX$p kde dpV$ fpls Ap` R>. `fsy Ap S> kQu_ epf kspdp ApDV$ \C e R> epf V$qX$eddp kp`p `X$u e R>, OfOfdp dpsd_y hpsphfZ kŮC e R>, _p_p\u dpX$u dpV$p klz gpL$p A`kV$ \C e R>. Z L$ L$pC dpV$u Ap`r Aphu `X$u lpe L$ L$pC fp$ue vy$OV$_p kŮZu lpe. dp kQu__u kamsp A_ Akamsp b_dp sd_ cpfsue q$L$V$_y S> _l] `fsy cpfs fp$_y `Z AL$ rhij L$pf_y rQ šhp dm R>. L$pC kdpS>ipuA Ap rhje `f `uAQ.X$u. L$fhp S>hy R>.

L$d_kub kQu__u lpS>fu R>sp cpfs_ V$V$ A_ h_-X$ dQpdp blz S|>S> kamsp dmu R>. kQu_ cpfs_ L$V$guL$ V$V$-dQp A_ Ake h_-X$ dQp rS>spX$hpdp tklapmp Apep R>. kQu__p L$V$gpL$ V$uL$pL$pfp sZ cpfs dpV$ L$V$gu V$V$-dQp su s_u NZsfu L$f R>. Ap NZsfudp\u blpf Aphu_ sdZ cpfs dpV$ `psp_u spL$ps_p šf L$V$gu b^u V$V$-dQp bQphu R> s_u epv$u b_phhu šCA. S>fp L$`_p L$fp L$ kQu_ hsdp_ ApV$rge_ L$ kpD\ ApqL$_ V$ud hsu fdsp lps sp s_u L$V$gu b^u dlp_ Bt_k A_ dlp_ kv$uAp dQrht_N kprbs \C lps...

q$L$V$_y cpfsdp iy \p_ R> s_p rhi cpfsuepdp L$hp $T R> A rhi L$iy gMhp_u cpe S> S>$f R>, `fsy kQu_ rhi gMhpdp ApS> v$irhv$idp š AL$fp_u AL$fp eyTrV$ h`fpC S>su lpe sp as AV$gp dpV$ _l] L$ s AL$ kam A_ gpL$re q$L$V$f R>, bgL$ AV$gp dpV$ L$ s_y fdsNds_p rhdp A_ s_p Brslpkdp A S> \p_ R> S> \p_ bpkf dpldv$ Agu. Npaf V$pBNf h|X$k. apeygp h_ X$pBhfp ApeV$_ k_p A_ dpBL$g iydL$f, awV$bpgfp `g, dpfpX$p_p, gqV$_u, fp_pX$p, rTv$p_ A_ bL$ld. V$r_k MgpX$uAp iX$ ghf, dpqV$_p _phfprsgphp, V$au Npa, ep_ bpN, š_ dL$_fp A_ Bhp_ gX$g. A\gV$p L$pg gyBk, kNB bybL$p, dpBL$g š_k_ sd S> bpL$V$ bpg_p MgpX$uAp drS>L$ š_k_ A_ dpBL$g šX$_ hNf_y R>.

OZu hpf sp kQu_ S> L$pf_y bqV$N L$f R> s šsp Ad S> gpN R> Z s dp_hu R> S> _l]. ipu_p iv$pdp L$luA sp kQu__ L$pC Mpk Dءi\u "D`f'\u _uQ dpL$ghpdp Apep R>. Ap_p A\ A \ep L$ kQu_ L$pC v$hu `yfyj R> A\hp sp s_pdp \pX$p v$hu Ai `X$gp R>. š kdsy _ lpe sp afu AL$ hpf kQu__ bqV$N L$fsp šC gš A_ rhpk fpMš s_p L$hf X$pBh, hf X$pBh, V$BVfu X$pBh, hf L$V$, gBV$ L$V$, `|g A_ lwL$ r_lpmu_ sd_ surs \C S>i L$ kQu_ hNdp\u S> Esep R>. lfL$pC q$L$V$frkL$_ (`R>u s v$iu lpe L$ rhv$iu) A hps_p Nh \hp šCA L$ s kQu__p eyNdp hu fp R>. Ap Akp^pfZ bV$kd__u fds_p kpnu R>, Nhpl R>.

(Ap gM "kQu_ `eg' AL$dp\u ghpdp Apep R>. s dpV$ Ad fpS> `[gik, fpS>L$pV_p Apcpfu R>uA. Ap `y$sL$_y k`pv$_ L$priL$ dlsp, ky_ug šju A_ qv$gu` Nprlg L$ey lsy.)


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