13 d, 2002 lpd`S> | h^y kdpQpfp | dygpL$ps | rbT_kbps

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bS>V$ 2001

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Ae NyS>fpsu kpBV$

Ar_g AbpZu : qfgpek `frdV$ fpS>_ gu^ ApV$g _\u `lpQu

Anil Ambani, Reliance Industries Vice-Chairman qfgpek BX$Vu_u kamsp_y L$pfZ iy?

1970 A_ 1980_p v$peL$pdp Aphgp "gpBkk fpS>'_ gu^ qfgpek_ ApV$gu kamsp dmu R> Ahu hpsp_ L$`_u kpa _L$pf R>.

sp `R>u qfgpek BX$V$u_u kamsp ip_ Apcpfu R>?

qfgpek S|>\_p hpBk Qfd_ Ar_g AbpZu_p ds qfgpek_u kamsp s_p \p`L$ ^ufycpC AbpZu_ Apcpfu R>.

"gpBkk fpS> b^p dpV$ lsy, AL$gp Adpf dpV$ _lpsy. sd_ A_p\u gpV$ Ecp L$fhp_y gpBkk dm, `Z gpV$ Ecp L$fhp_p `kp sp sdpfp S> Ecp L$fhp_p lpe, A L$C gpBkk\u _ dmu e. V$_pgp `Z sdpf gphhp_u. hprgV$u `Z sdpf šhp_u, pX$V$_y hQpZ `Z sdpf S> L$fhp_y lpe. A_ sd_ dp gpBkk dmhp\u Ad S> 30-40 gpM iflpX$k _\u dmu S>sp.' V$pf V$pL$ L$pe$ddp huf kOhu kp\_u dygpL$psdp Ar_g AbpZu L$l R>.

"cpfsdp 1991dp Apr\L$ ky^pfp gpNy L$fpep. qfgpek_p Np\ `frdV$ fpS>dp lsp A_p L$fsp R>gp v$k hjdp kp\u h^y fp R>. NplL$ lpe L$ Adpfp hX$f lpe, iflpX$f L$ L$pC kp^pfu lpe, L$pC_u kp\ kb^ bp^hpdp d_ L$iy MpVy$ _\u gpNsy.

"ApS> L$pC Ad _\u L$lu iL$ Ad L$ Ad L$pC_p `kp gC_ cpNu Nep. lz sd_ Ahp cpfsuep_y rgV$ Ap`u iLy$ Ry> S>dZ L$`_uAp_y v$hpmy awL$u v$u^y R>.'

Ap dygpL$psdp Ar_g AbpZuA sd_p h_, sd_p cZsf, dpspr`sp A_ ^^p rhi OZu fkv$ hpsp L$fu. L$V$gpL$ Aip :

h_dp iy iuep s rhi
Ap hps_ lz S>fp Sy>v$u fus L$lui. L$p`pfV$ gpBadp R>gp bZ v$peL$p v$fep_ S> dlh_u bpbsp iuMhp dmu sdp AL$ hps sp A L$ r`sp_p d|mc|s d|ep Adpfpdp hZpC Nep R> : X$pD_ Vy$ A\ flhy, _d flhy, h_dp kpv$pC. A `ps `Z ApS>e Ahp S> R> A_ Adpfp dpV$ h__p dpV$p kv$i A S> R>.

bpm`Z_u epv$p rhi :
OZp hjp `lgp Adpfy Ly$Vyb dybCdp L$b|sfMp_p Aqfepdp AL$ Qpgdp flsy lsy. s AL$ L$p-Ap`fqV$h lpDtkN kpkpeV$u lsu. R>kp Ly$Vy$bp kp\ flsp lsp. v$fL$_ ep AL$ S> bX$$d lsp. d_ L$ dyL$i_ rkNpfV$ L$ v$p$ `uhp_u V$h _\u, Ad hrS>V$rfe_ R>, Cf\u X$fuA R>uA A_ Sy>Npf _\u fdsp A_p\u gpL$p_ blz _hpC gpN R>.

Ap b^p d|ep Ad L$pC_y šC_ iuep _\u `Z Adpfp DR>fdp S> A bpbsp hZpC NC lsu. Cf_ p\_p L$fhu, buAp_ dp_ v$hy... d_ gpN R> L$ Ap b^u hpsp dpfp dduA dpfpdp Dspfu R>. L$pfZ L$ ``p sp blz rbTu flsp.

dpspr`sp rhi :
ddu blz ku^pkpv$p R>, X$pD_ Vy$ A\. dpfp _p_p d_Nfdp `pV$d_ lsp. `R>u dpi_ dey A_ `pV$ Apqak_p B_QpS> bep. ddu_y bL$NpDX$ Ap R>.

dpspr`sp_p g_ AfX$ dfS> lsp. dpfp v$pv$p L|$gdp V$uQf lsp. dpspr`sp_p g_ \ep `R>u sfs sAp ed_ Mps AX$_ Qpep Nep. ep sdZ `V$pg `` `f AV$X$V$ sfuL$ L$pd L$ey. ep flu_ `kp L$dpep, cNp L$ep A_ v$i `pR>p Aphu Nep.

dduA ``p_ sd_p L$`fp kdedp ldip kp\ Apep. d_ epv$ _\u L$ dpfu L|$g L$ L$pgS> v$fep_ L$v$u ``pA Adpfp dpV$ kde Apep lpe. L$v$u Adpfu kp\ bku_ lpdhL$ L$fpey lpe L$ V$yi_ L$ Ahy L$C `Z L$fpey lpe Ahy d_ epv$ _\u.

A b^y ddu L$fsp. ddu as lpBL|$g ky^u cZgp AV$g Ad S> L$fhp dpNsp sdp sAp L$iy L$fu iL$sp _l].

``p šL$ A hps_ blz ku^u fus Sy>A R>.

sAp L$l R>, "d_ gpN R> L$ Ad sd_ sdpfp dpV$ S> $ lpe s dmhhpdp sd_ dv$v$ \ep A fus sdpfp DR>f L$fu fp R>uA. sdpfu `pk qv$dpN R> AVg sdpf kMs dl_s L$fhu šCA. dpf cZhy lsy `Z `kp_u dyL$gu lsu, sdpf Ahu L$pC sL$gua _\u. sd kpfpdp kpfu L|$g, L$pgS>, eyr_hrkVudp cZu iL$p Ad R>p.'

lz OZu hpf Ad_ `|Ry> Ry> L$ sd_ L$iy Nydpey lpe Ahy gpN R>? epf ldip sAp L$l R> L$ kpfy cZsf dey _\u A_p Aakpk fl R>. sd_ cZhp_y M|b d_ lsy `Z sd_u Ahu [\rs _lpsu. _kubšN Adpf Ahu L$pC dyL$gu _lpsu.

lz v$k hj_p lsp epf Ad Qpgdp\u buS> flhp Nep. `Z Qpgdp flsp s hMs_y d_ b^y epv$ R>. AL$ S> bX$$d A_ dpfp v$pv$u krls flhphpmp Ad kps S>Z. Qpgdp kp Ly$Vybp hQ AL$ S> bp\$d A_ AL$ S> V$pBgV$.

A `pRy> Qp\ dpm lsy. gNcN 50-60 `Nr\ep QX$hp_p \pe. Ad c|gfdp L$b|sfMp_p Aqfepdp flsp lsp. lz c|gsp _ lpJ sp L$v$pQ A dL$p_ S>etlv$ AV$V$ lsy.

h__p d|ep rhi :
Qpgdp\u Ad Djp qL$fZ rb[X$Ndp flhp Nep. `Z Ad b^y Apkp_u\u _lpsy dmu Ney. Adpf šL$ `kp_u MQ _lpsu `Z spe ``p Ad_ L$iyL$ L$dphp L$lsp A_ L$iyL$ L$fuA sp S> `kp dmsp.

v$pMgp sfuL$, Ad dQ fep lpCA L$ lpBqL$N L$ V$qL$Ndp Nep lpCA L$ buSy> L$C `Z... sp A `|fy \pe `R>u sAp Ad_ b QpBk Ap`sp : L$p sp Ad_ _psp_u AL$ gV$ A_ L$pC AL$ qX$L$ dm A\hp b gV$ _psp gCA sp qX$L$ _ dm. A_ bS>V$ lsy `pQ $r`ep. AV$gpdp S> Aph s ghp_y.

d_ epv$ R>, 1970_u i$Apsdp D_pmpdp AL$ hMs sdZ Ad_ L$lgy : "Sy>Ap Aepf L$fu_u kuT_ R>. d_ Mbf R> L$ sd_ gpL$p_ L$fu blz cph R>. š sd bpb\u Nphp_u V$udfdp kp\u _uQgu X$L$ `f dykpafu L$fu_ Ap sp sd_ L$fu_y ApMy bpk dmi.

sd _l] dp_p, `Z Adpfp dpV$ Nphp_u V$u` L$fsp L$fu_u `Vu_y dlh h^pf lsy!

sAp Ad_ g_dp `Z dpL$gu iL$ Ad lsp. `Z sAp "gpAf X$L$ `f dykpafu L$fhp_p A_ych' L$hp lpe R> s bsphhp dpNsp lsp. ep L$pC qfThi_ _ lpe, W$L$W$L$pZ b^p hprdV$ L$fsp lpe. sAp AV$gy S> BR>sp lsp L$ Ad gpL$p Ap A_ych L$fuA, L$pfZ L$ Adpfp h_dp Aphp A_ychp Ad_ bu L$pC fus dmhp_p _lpsp.

cZsf rhi :
1981dp lz `[khr_ep eyr_hrkVu_u hpV$_ L$pgS>dp dpV$f Apa rbT_k AX$qdr_Vi__y cZhp Nep. `lgu hpf lz Of R>pX$u_ blpf S>C fp lsp. b^u dpAp_u S>d dpfp ddu `Z tQspdp lsp. A ``p_ L$l, "R>pL$fp `lgu hpf Of\u ApV$g v|$f e R>. L$pC qv$hk AL$gp fp _\u. _p_hS> Mpsp _\u. A c|ep dfu S>i. sd L$pC_ A_u kp\ dpL$gp_...'

`Z ``pA L$y, "S>fpe _l]. A lh 18-24 drl_p L$pgS> L$`kdp S> fli. A A_ych s_u tS>v$Nu_p blz d|ehp_ A_ych li. A_ `kp_u fus ApL$u _ iL$pe, `Z d|ep_u bpbsdp s A_ych s_p dpV$ blz L$udsu li.'

ep flu_ lz fkpC L$fsp, kpakapC L$fsp, L$`X$p_ Bu L$fsp, V$pBgV$ kpa L$fsp A_ buSy> L$V$gye iuep. A_p\u dpfp Apdrhpk M|b hep.

rbT_k V$[_k iuMhp rhi :
1982dp cZu_ `pR>p Apep. d_ le epv$ R> L$ bu qX$kbf Z hpe dpfu `funp `|fu \C A_ d ey epL$\u ApW$ hpep_y g_ `L$X$u gu^y. u qX$kbf fps dybC `lpep.

Qp\u spfuM lz ``p_ dep A_ d L$y L$ lz NeyAV$ \C Nep, d_ dpV$k_u qX$Nu dmu NC. 24 drl_p_ bv$g d 14 S> drl_pdp cZhp_y `|fy L$fu v$u^y. sp lh lz S>fp bL$ gC gJ. bZ AW$hpqX$ep Apfpd L$fu gJ.

sdZ L$y, "rbgLy$g _l]. spf ApS> kpS> S> Adv$phpv$ S>hp_y R> A_ \pX$p hj ep flu_ Ap`Zp V$V$pBg_p ^^p kcpmhp_p R>.'

d `|R>ey, "sp iy d_ bL$ _l] dm?'

sdZ L$y, "dpS> L$fhp dpV$ crhedp `|fsp kde dmi. Aepf L$pd L$fhp_p kde R>.'

hps `|fu. L$pC v$gug _l], QQp _l]. d kpS> S> Adv$phpv$_u gpBV$ `L$X$u. AW$hpqX$ep_p `pQ rv$hk gpV$dp S> flhp_y. Ad ep lz `pQ-R> hj fp.

``p dp_sp L$$ srme\u i$ L$fu_ V$pQ `f `lpQhp_p S> kpQp fsp R>. lz Adv$phpv$ S>hp _uL$ep epf sdZ d_ AV$gy S> L$y, "š spf b QuS>dp\u AL$ `kv$ L$fhp_u R>. AL$ sp gpL$p s_ kpd\u dp_ v$ A_ buSy> L$ sy kpd\u dp_ dpN. `kv$Nu spf L$fhp_u R>. epf sy Ahy L$CL$ L$fui L$ gpL$p s_ kpd\u dp_ v$i. `Z sy dp_ dpNui sp gpL$p dp_ sp _l] v$ `Z `pR>m\u d_aph sd bpgi.'

r`sp_ `frgrkk_p lzdgp \ep `R>u :
1986dp ``p_ `frgrkk_p lzdgp \ep. lz A_ dyL$i b_ `QukL$ hj_p lsp. A kde Adpfp dpV$ `X$L$pf_p, Nrs_p lsp.

AdbuA L$fu gu^y `Z A_p\u d_ cpfsdp L$hu fus L$pd L$fhp_y s _lpsy iuMhp dey. dpfp r`sp AdbuA_y NyS>fpsu L$fsp, "d_ b^y AphX$ R>.' A_ b^p AdbuA Ahu fus S> hssp lpe R>. sd_p d_dp Ad S> lpe R> L, "sd_ gpL$p_ L$iy AphX$sy _\u. lz 22 hj_p Ry> A_ d_ b^u Mbf R>.' d_ gpN R> L$ A kdeNpmp v$fep_, 1986\u 1989-90 v$fep_ OZp gpL$p Adpfu kpd `X$p lsp.

d_ l epv$ R> L$ ``p \pX$p hMs `R>u kp \C fp lsp epf d sd_ `|R>ey L$ Ap b^y šC_ sd_ iy gpN R>? sdZ L$y, "A sp h__p cpN R>. cpfsue L$fQgp_p (V$prV$epMQ_u) r\efu R>. A_u tQsp _ L$fp.' sAp ldip L$`_u_p L$lhpsp vy$d_p_ "qfgpek_p rlsRy>Ap' NZphsp. l ApS> `Z NZph R>.

qfgpek_p Brslpkdp Ad L$v$u qX$apV$ \ep _\u. Ad L$v$u qf`dV$dp qX$g L$ey _\u. A cfpkp, A rhpk A_ A V$L$ fL$pX$_ gu^ Ad ApS> Al] `lpep R>uA. A ipM dpfp r`spA Ecu L$fu R>.

AL$ kde OZp gpL$p L$lsp L$ Adpfu L$`_u Qpg Ahy gpNsy _\u. b^y Msd \C Ney. ``p AV$L$ `R>u afu L$pd QX$u Nep sp`Z gpL$p Ahy L$lsp L$ sAp L$v$u ANpD_u S>d L$pd _l] L$fu iL$. lz A_ dyL$i epf kph bpmL$ lsp. `Z Ad A_ dpV$u sL$ sfuL$ šsp lsp.

epf `Z gpL$p Ad_ `R>pX$hp dpNsp epf, dyL$i (S>Ap A[S>r_ef R>) Ad_ eyV$__p uš r_ed epv$ A`phsp L$ v$fL$ q$ep_u AL$kdp_ A_ rhfy qv$ipdp rsq$ep lpe R>. S>V$gp gpL$p Ad_ `pX$hp dpNsp A_p\u h^y KQ Ad EW$sp A_ Ad L$lsp L$ Ad b^p_ MpV$p `pX$uiy. d_ gpN R> L$ Ad A L$fu bspey R>.

d$d Bfpv$p lsp, L$rdV$dV$ lsy A_ Cf e A`pf p lsu. Ad _kubdp, L$ddp dp_uA R>uA. `Z sdpf S> sdpfu s_u dv$v$ L$fhu `X$. sdpfu Myfiu `f bku flp A_ dp_u gp L$ huf kOhu Al] Aphi dpfu dygpL$ps ghp A _ b_. sdpf Vy$qX$epdp S>hy `X$...

qfgpek_p rhL$pk rhi :
d_ gpN R> L$ A dpfp r`sp_u [V$_y `qfZpd R>. AX$_dp A `Vpg `` `f AV$X$V$ sfuL$ L$pd L$fsp lsp A_ `R>u dpL$qV$N d_S>f bep epf `Z sd_y AL$ ee lsy. sdZ AX$_dp _p_L$X$u qfapC_fudp `Z L$pd L$ey lsy A_ ep flu_ sdZ AL$ qv$hk A_Ʈ A_ ApBg_p rbT_k Ecp L$fhp_y k`_y `Z šey lsy.

qfgpek_p rhL$pk_ šCA sp Ad hqV$L$g bL$hX$ BV$uNi_ A`_pey. L$pfZ L$ Adpfu `pk d|X$u _lpsu.

AV$g Ad V$V$pBg\u i$Aps L$fu. s `R>u Ad `prgeV$f b_phhp_y i$ L$ey A_ `R>u ApBg A_ Nk, qfapB_fu, `V$prged_y dpL$qV$N, `V$pLrdL$k, gpV$uL$...

1977 A_ 1978_u i$Aps ky^u qfgpek V$V$pBg BX$Vu pBhV$ rgrdV$X$ lsu `Z lh s dpV$u `[gL$ rgrdX$V$ L$`_u R>.

`psp_p v$uL$fpAp rhi :
dpf b v$uL$fp R>, Ai|g A_ A_dpg. AL$ 11 hj_p R>, buš R> hj_p R>. dpfp r`sp l `Z sAp gpL$g V$_dp kL$X$ gpkdp dykpafu L$f A_p `f cpf v$ R>. L|$g_p L$`dp `Z dpL$ghp L$l R> ep bu lf R>pL$fp AL$ S> S>epA flsp lpe.

lz _p_hS> _\u Mpsp, Adp L$pC ^prdL$ L$pfZ _\u, `Z d_ _\u Ndsy AV$g _\u Mpsp, sp dpfp v$uL$fpAp `Z _\u Mpsp. A gpL$p d_ L$v$u rkNpfV$ `usp _\u šsp, AV$g A gpL$p A hpsdp `Z d_ A_ykf R>.

$qV$_ A_ raV$_k rhi :
lz fpS> khpf kpX$p `pQ hpe EW$u J Ry> A_ štNN L$fhp J Ry>. gNcN v$kL$ qL$gpduV$f S>V$gy v$pXy$ Ry>, `pgp fdsp iuMy Ry>, hutdN L$fy Ry>.

L$v$pQ A_p\u d_ bm dm R>, kspj dm R>.

gNcN bAL$ hj `lgp ey epL$dp BhV$k_u rdqV$N lsu. dpfy TV$i_ `ey `R>u AL$ BhV$f khpg L$ep, "hg, rdV$f AbpZu, L$`_u_p v$Mph sp kpfp gpN R> A_ Ad_ s_y crhe `Z ES>my gpN R>. `Z sd sdpfu s_ Afukpdp šC R>?'

d L$y L$,"Ap ANs khpg R> AV$g Ap`Z `R>u hps L$fuA.'

sp A L$l, "_p, lz b^p_u kpd `|R>u iLy$ AV$gu dpfpdp tlds R> sp d_ S>hpb `Z b^p_u kpd S> šCA.'

d L$y, "_p, d ldZp Afukpdp šey _\u.'

sp A L$l, "sdpfp v$Mph bfpbf _ lpe sp `R>u d_ _\u gpNsy L$ sdpfu L$`_u `Z kpfp v$Mph L$fu iL$i.'

rdqV$N `sphu_ `pR>p Apep A_ d Afukpdp šey. dpfy hS>_ lsy 103 qL$gp.

sfs S> d qaV$ flhp_y _$u L$fu gu^y. X$peqV$N L$fu_ _l], `Z h_igudp afapf L$ep. d 35 qL$gp hS>_ OV$pX$y A_ kp\pkp\ h_igu `|f`|fu bv$gu _pMu.

Ap rhcpN_u ANpD_u dygpL$ps
Adftkl Qp^fu : "cpS>`_y L$pC tlvy$ L$pX$ Qpghp_y _\u'

rbT_kbps rhcpN_p h^y gMp dpV$ Al] [gL$ L$fp.

Ap Alhpg Ap`_ L$hp gpep?

dyhuV$pBd : B^f D^f L$u N`k` qfey dygpL$ps kdpQpf QQp QV$
apV$p auQf rhgjZ Arcpe rhhpv$ ApabuV$ dybpfL$bpv$u

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