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26 Sy>gpC, 2002 
   lpd`S> | h^y kdpQpfp | dygpL$ps
  Ap`_p Arcpe 
    rhij hpQ_
 

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2000_y Mpk



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Ae NyS>fpsu kpBV$
"tlvy$ kdpS>_p Ap kpQp hcph _\u'

Ards kysfuAp

L$R>_p rh_piL$ c|L$` lpe, kyfs_u cep_L$ fg lpe L$ L$X$gp_y spap_u hphpTpXy$ lpe, kfL$pfu diu_fu L$fsp `Z kp\u `lgp š L$pC dv$v$ dpV$ `lpey lpe sp A fp$ue hekhL$ kO_p L$peL$fp R>. kO_u OZub^u ipMpAp R>. kdpS>_p v$fL$ ndp kO_p hekhL$p L$pd L$f R>.

1989 ky^u kO_u L$pC AgN khpipMp _lpsu. 1989dp ArMg cpfsue khp kO i$ \ep. R>gp `v$f hjdp v$idp A_ kdpS>dp Mpkp bv$gph Apep R>. fp$ue hekhL$ kO `Z bv$gpsp kdedp `psp_u L$pdNufu rhspfu R>. OZp _hp _hp rhcpNp i$ L$ep R>.

R>gp `v$f hjdp hv$iu NfZ dQ, cpfsue qL$kp_ kO, kL$pfcpfsu, rhop_cpfsu, v$u_v$epm k\p S>hp _hp rhcpNp i$ \ep. v$fL$ rhcpN_u Qp$k L$pdNufu lpe R> A_ A rhcpN_p hekhL$p `psp_p hsym_u blpf epfe S>sp _\u. Aphp S> AL$ dlh_p rhcpN R> ArMg cpfsue khp v$m. R>gp v$pY$ hj\u kO_p hqfW$ QpfL$ cep šju ArMg cpfsue khp kO_p dyM sfuL$ L$pd L$fu fp R>.

cep šju d|m Bv$pf_p R>. 1965dp sAp dybC Apep. 1975dp _psL$ \ep `R>u sAp kO_p azgV$pBd QpfL$ bep. 1989 ky^u sAp Sy>v$p Sy>v$p rhspfpdp QpfL$ sfuL$ afsp fp. 1989dp khp rhcpN i$ \sp sd_ ArMg cpfsue khp kOdp S>hpbv$pfu kp`hpdp Aphu. `lgp sd_ Z fpe_u S>hpbv$pfu kp`pC. R>gp b hj\u sd_ kdN v$idp khp kO_u S>hpbv$pfu kp`hpdp Aphu R>.

khp rhcpN_u L$pdNufu M|b ep`L$ R>. L$pC Apas Aph epf S> khp rhcpN kq$e b_ Ahy _\u, v$icfdp khp rhcpN pfp uk lf\u h^y khpL$pep Qpgu fp R>, S>dp ApR>pdp ApR>p b gpM\u h^y L$peL$fp Aepf Sy>v$p Sy>v$p khpL$pepdp šX$pegp R>.

Nyyfy`|rZdp r_rdѡ kyfs Aphgp ArMg cpfsue khp kO_p dyM cep šju kp\ \egu hpsQus_p dye Aip :

rinZ A_ Apfpe sp kfL$pf_u p\rdL$sp lphu šCA. khp rhcpN ip dpV$ Ap dyp_ p\rdL$sp Ap`u fp R>?

kO Ahy dp_ R> L$ rinZ A_ Apfpe_p ndp kfL$pfu diu_fu Asqfepm Npdp ky^u `lpQu iL$u _\u. Ad v$i_p Asqfepm rhspfpdp `lpQu iep R>uA. Ad NpdX$pApdp tkNg V$uQf L|$g epS>_p i$ L$fu R>. Ap epS>_p lW$m Npd_p ApW$du L$ v$kdu `pk eyhp__ kO rinZ Ap` R> A_ s_ rinL$ sfuL$ _ud R>. Npd_p bpmL$p_ s eyhp_ v$ffpS> b L$ Z L$gpL$ rinZ Ap` R>. Ap_ Ad Npd rinpdqv$f _pd Apey R>. v$icfdp Aphp ArNepf lf rinZdqv$f R>. Apfpe dpV$ Npd ApfpefnL$ epS>_p b_phu R>. Npd_p bfpS>Npf eyhp__ Ad budpfu AN p\rdL$ rinZ A_ v$hp Ap`uA R>uA. Ap eyhp_ Npd_p gpL$p_ p\rdL$ kpfhpf Ap`u iL$ A fus spgud Ap`hpdp Aph R>. Aepf v$i_p ArNepf lf Npdpdp Ap epS>_p Qpg R>. Df-`|h}e fpepdp Ad Ap epS>_p `f rhij L$pd L$ey R>. Df-`|h_p 8,500 Npdpdp Aphp ApfpefnL$p L$pd L$f R>. NyS>fps_p X$pN, _dv$p, c$Q A_ b_pkL$pW$p S>hp Apqv$hpku rhspfpdp `Z Ad L$pd L$fuA R>uA. NpdX$pAp_p rhL$pk dpV$ Ad e_iug R>uA. v$fL$ rS>gpdp Ad AL$ dpX$g Npd rhL$kphhp_y _$u L$ey R>. Aepf Ad Ahp 500 NpdX$p _$u L$ep R> A_ 100 Npdpdp L$pd i$ `Z \C Ney R>.

R>gp `v$f hjdp kO_u L$pdNufu L$V$gu rhsfu? hQpqfL$ bv$gph L$V$gp Apep?

kO_u d|mc|s rhQpf^pfpdp L$pC afapf Apep _\u. Ad S> rhQpf^pfp 1925dp _$u L$fu lsu A rhQpf^pfp `f ApS> `Z QpguA R>uA. 1925dp `Z ipMp dmsu. ApS> `Z dm R>. ipMp_p L$pe$dp kdepsf bv$gpsp fl R>. `lgp L$b$u fdsp, lh L$fpV$ iuMhuA R>uA.

1925dp kO_u \p`_p \C epf v$i Nygpd lsp. A hMs dye gX$pC ANš_ v$idp\u lpL$u L$pY$hp_u lsu, epf `R>u 1947dp v$i ApTpv$ \ep. kpdprS>L$ _p dlh_p bep. A`esp, Nfubu, Ly$qfhpš kO dpV$ dlh_p dyp bep A_ Ad A qv$ipdp L$pd L$ey.

1975dp buš r_ZpeL$ sb$p Apep. kO `f rsb^ dyL$pep. 1989 `R>u A_L$ _hp rhcpNp i$ \ep. rlvy$ A\ tQs_ gpL$p kdn d|L$hp hv$iu NfZ dQ_u fQ_p \C. kO L$p-Ap`fqV$h kV$fdp hi L$ep. hekhL$p b[L$N kV$fdp Nep. klL$pfcpfsu_p Dv$e \ep. L$gp_p ndp hihp kL$pfcpfsu_u fQ_p \C. qL$kp_p_p _p dpV$ cpfsue qL$kp_ kO_u fQ_p \C. v$fL$ kde_p _p AgN lpe R> A_ kO `psp_u Qp$k rhQpf^pfp_ gC_ kdpS> kp\ šX$pegp fl R>.

hX$p ^p_ AV$g rblpfu hpS>`eu, _peb hX$p ^p_ gpg L$Z AX$hpZu A_ D`fp$`rs`v$_p Ddv$hpf cfptkl iMphs kO_p hekhL$ flu Q|ep R>. Apd R>sp kO_u rhQpf^pfp_p L$pC Ai hsdp_ L$ kfL$pfdp v$Mpsp _\u A_y iy L$pfZ?

`psp_u rhQpf^pfp gpNy L$fhp dpV$ S> ndsp šCA A ApS>_u L$ kfL$pf `pk _\u. A_X$uA_p `psp_p AS>X$p R>. cpS>`_p `psp_p AS>X$p R>. cpS>` `psp_u rhQpf^pfp A_X$uA_ kdhu iep _\u A hpsrhL$sp R>. ep ky^u NyS>fps kfL$pf_p _ R>, BR>pi[s_p Acph `Z dlh_y L$pfZ lpC iL$ A_ L$V$guL$ hMs fpS>L$ue dS>b|fu S>hpbv$pf lpC iL$.

Np^fp lepL$pX$ `R>u_p NyS>fps_ L$C fus Sy>Ap R>p?

rlvy$Ap_u vy$bmsp_p As gphhp A fp$ue hekhL$ kO_y dye L$pd R>. R>gp 1000 hj_p Ap`Zp Brslpk kpnu R> L$ Ap`Z kNqW$s _\u. Ap`Zpdp fp$ue Qpqfe_p Acph R>. rlvy$Ap AgN AgN hZ A_ rsdp hlQpegp R>. rhrh^spdp AL$sp gphhu M|b dlh_y L$pd R>. Np^fp lepL$pX$ `R>u S> \ey s `|fp S>hpb _\u. rlvy$ kdpS>_p Ap kpQp Qlfp _\u. rlvy$ kdpS>_p Ap kpQp hcph _\u. `Z Npe_ epf R>R>X$hpdp Aph epf S> s tiNX$p dpf R>. Ad tlkp_ epfe kd\_ Ap`sp _\u.

Np^fpL$pX$_ L$pfZ fpdS>dc|rd Qmhm_ aV$L$p `X$p R>?

v$fL$ Qmhm_ `psp_u AL$ Nrs lpe R>. Np^fpL$pX$_ L$pfZ fpddqv$f_u Qmhm_ L$pC af `X$p _\u. Qmhm l `Z Qpgy S> R>. š fpS>L$ue BR>pi[s lpe sp Apv$pg__p M|b TX$`\u kam As Aphsp lpe R>, `fsy š fpS>L$ue BR>pi[s _ lpe sp `Z Qmhm_p kam As sp Aph S> R>, `fsy A As \pX$p dpX$p lpe R>.

S>dy A_ L$pduf_p cpNgp `pX$hp_u dpNZu `pR>m L$ey L$pfZ S>hpbv$pf R>?

fp$ue hekhL$ kO epfe S>dy A_ L$pduf_p rhcpS>__u hps _\u L$fu. Ad qf-L$V$i_ A_ qf-V$QqfN_u hps L$fu R>. _p_p _p_p fpep b_hp\u Ly$v$fsu ps_p dld D`epN L$fu iL$pe R> A_ gpL$p_p rhL$pk TX$`u b_ R>.

R>gp L$V$gpL$ hjpdp v$idp Z _hp fpep bep. TpfMX$, DfpQg A_ R>ukNY$. TpfMX$ A_ R>ukNY$_u hps L$fuA sp Ap b pspdp kp\u h^y Ly$v$fsu ps lphp R>sp rblpf A_ de v$i_ S> s_p kp\u h^y apev$p \sp lsp. TpfMX$ A_ R>ukNY$_p gpL$p `R>ps fp, Arirns fp, epf ep\u S> `v$p \egp _pZp\u ApMu kfL$pf Qpgsu.

S>dy_u `Z Aphu S> lpgs R>. R>gp bpf hjdp L$pduf MuZdp ApsL$hpv$ QfdkudpA R>. L$ kfL$pf sfa\u v$f hj Abš $r`ep_y cX$pm S>dy A_ L$pduf_p rhL$pk dpV$ apmhhpdp Aph R>, `fsy hpsrhL$sp A R> L$ Apdp\u M|b _hu fL$d S>dy A_ gpM_ dm R>. L$ kfL$pf sfa\u dmgp dld _pZp L$pdufu MuZdp MQpe R>. Ap cv$cph ApS>_p _\u, hjp_p R>, v$peL$pAp_p R>. S>dy_p gpL$p L$pduf MuZ kp\ šX$php dpNsp _\u. sd_u flZuL$fZu AgN R>. sd_p hcph AgN R>.

R>gp 55 hjdp S>dy_p dye ^p_ u_Nfdp bW$p _\u. S>dy A_ L$pduf_p v$fL$ dye ^p_ L$pduf MuZdp\u S> Apep R>. S>dy A_ L$pduf kfL$pfdp v$fL$ dlh_p `pV$aprgep L$pduf MuZ_p _spAp_ dm R>. epf kph apgsy L$lhpe Ahp Mpsp S>dy_p _spAp_ apmhhpdp Aph R>. vy$M_u hps A R> L$ gpM sp b^pdp\u bpL$ps fl R>. S>dy A_ L$pduf_p AL$ ssuepi cpN gpM R>. gpM R>gp L$V$gpe hjp\u rhL$pk dpV$ TMu fy R>. gpM_u dpNZu s_ L$iprks v$i b_phhp_u R> S>. Ad Ap dpNZu kp\ klds R>uA. S>dy A_ gpM_p gpL$p_p rhL$pk dpV$ `Z Z _p_p fpep b_phhp S>$fu R>.

ANpD_u dygpL$ps
QL$ps bnu : rlvy$\p_dp keygqfTd hZkL$f b_u_ Apey R>

_hp rhcpN : qfqX$a dygpL$ps


dyhuV$pBd : ddfu qfey dygpL$ps apV$p auQf rhgjZ kdpQpf QQp B^f D^f L$u N`k` QV$ Arcpe rhhpv$
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