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29 ApNV$, 2002 
   lpd`S> | h^y kdpQpfp | NyS>fpsdp tlkp | dygpL$ps
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2000_y Mpk



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Ae NyS>fpsu kpBV$

eykya Avy$g QfMp Np^fp lepL$pX$_p L$kdp 57 Apfp`uAp sfa\u L$k gX$u fp R>. sd_p Akugpdp lp rbgpg A_ dpldv$ lzk_ L$gpV$p_p `Z kdphi \pe R>. \pX$p kdedp Np^fp_p AqX$i_g kik S>S> bu. Ak. `fuM_u Av$pgsdp Np^fpL$pX$_p MV$gp i$ \hp_p R>.

eykya QfMpA iugp c$ kp\_u AkgyrTh, fL$pX$X$ dygpL$psdp Np^fp L$k_u s`pk rhi bQph `n_u fS|>Aps L$fu s Mpk qfqX$a.L$pd_p dpV :

Np^fp L$k_p L$V$gp Apfp`uAp_p L$k sd gX$u fp R>p?

Np^fp L$k_p Ly$g 57 Apfp`uApdp_p b^p dpfp Akug R>. sdp_p Z rkhpe_p bpL$u b^p Np^fp_p R>. A Z S>Z DS_, _pNv$p A_ Q_C_p R>.

Np^fp_u OV$_p_u s`pk kpQp Ny_Npfp_ ip^u L$pY$hpdp r_am _uhX$u R>. gpL$p_p fpj ips L$fhp dpV$ `pguk 27du abyApfuA A_ s `R>u L$feycN L$f_pfp OZp_ Ap L$kdp kX$phu v$u^p R>.

L$dg bpv$ipl Aphp S> AL$ dpZk R>. s Q_C_p R>. fkpCep_y L$pd L$fsp L$dg Np^fp_u dygpL$ps Apep lsp. DS>__p d_k|f bNX$u hQ R> A_ V$_dp feygf A`X$pD_ L$f R>. b_ S>Z AZ L$fey_p cN L$ep A_ lh b__ L$kdp kX$phu v$hpep R>.

dye Apfp`uAp L$pZ R>?

Apdp_p dpV$p cpN_p_ spap_ L$fhp bv$g cpfsue v$X$ krlsp_u L$gd 147-148 lW$m , gpL$p_u lep L$fhp bv$g L$gd 302 A_ 307 lW$m A_ lf rdgL$s_ _yL$kp_ `lpQX$hp_p Ny_p bv$g fgh AV$ lW$m `L$X$hpdp Apep R>.

sd_p `f rhi_ Apa V$fqfTd AV$ (`pV$p) `Z gNphhpdp Apep lsp. `Z 27du abyApfuA epf Np^fp_u OV$_p b_u epf l fpedp L$ kfL$pf_p Ap L$pev$p _pqV$ape \ep _lpsp. A 28du abyApfuA L$fhpdp Apey.

sdZ \dv$i} fus `pV$p gpNy L$ep. `Z Np^fp `R>u S> tlkp \C s sp h^y OZp`v$ lsu. AV$g A qL$kpApdp `Z `pV$p gNphhp_y S>$fu b_u Ney lps. `Z A gpL$p tlvy$ lsp A_ Ad_p `f `pV$p gNphpe sp kfL$pf dyL$gudp Aphu `X$u lps. AV$g kfL$pf Np^fp L$kdp `Z `pV$p `pR>p MQu gu^p.

Apfp`uAp rhi, sd_u kpd_p L$k rhi dprlsu Ap`ip?

`pguk ilf_p Qpf Zusp eyr_rk`g L$p`pfV$f- lp rbgpg, Ad. AQ. L$gpV$p, kgud iM A_ A. Apf. ^]Qp kpd L$k v$pMg L$ep R>. L$V$gpL$ kpnuApA sd_ V$pmpdp šep lsp. sd_p rhfy as AV$gp S> `yfphp R>. sd_p `f V$pmpdp kpdg lphp_p S> Apfp` R>, MfMf AdZ _lpsy L$ey.

`pguk_p v$php R> L$ kpbfdsu Akk_p Ak-6 X$bp_u blpf gNcN 1500 gpL$p lpS>f lsp. šL$ MfMf V$_ kmNphu L$pZ s rhi QpS>iuV$dp L$pC `yfphp _\u L$ L$pC S> dprlsu _\u.

qX$ak L$k iy R>?

\dv$i} Alhpg v$pMg L$ep `R>u fgh kuApCX$uA `Z X$eyV$u ky`qfV$X$V$ Apa `pguk L$. ku. bphp_p _shdp fgh `pguk_u kp\pkp\ OV$_p_u s`pk i$ L$fu.

`pR>m\u $pBd bpQ_p hX$p fpL$i A\p_p `Z s`pkdp šX$pep. sdZ Np^fpdp S> bey lsy s afu cS>hu šey. sdZ 27du abyApfu_u S>d V$_ AV$L$phu, b hMs QB_`ytgN \ey s_p V$pBd `Z _pep.

Yusuf Charkha QpS>iuV$ L$l R> L$ Apfp`uApA NfL$pev$ V$pmL$u cNu L$fu, V__ ApN Qp`u A_ gpL$p_ kmNphu v$u^p. `pguk `lgp Ad L$y lsy L$ V$_dp blpf\u ApN Qp`hpdp Aphu lsu. `Z apf[kL$ gbpfV$fuA MfMf X$dpV$i_ L$fu_ kprbs L$fu v$u^y L$ V$_dp Av$f\u ApN gNphpC lsu. kuV$ _bf 72_u _uQ `X$gp L$V$gpL$ dqV$qfeg_ gu^ ApN gpNu lphp_y `Z bsphpey.

AV$g [\rs Ahu R> L$ bphp_u s`pk Ahu r\efu `f Ap^pqfs R> L$ bpNu_ blpf\u kmNphpC lsu epf A\p_p_u s`pk bsph R> L$ ApN Av$f\u gNphpC lsu.

qX$ak iy Ap_p `f Ap^pqfs R>?

`pguk s`pk blz _bmu R>. š s`pk epeu fus A_ KX$pZ\u \C lps sp L$k Sy>v$p S> lps.

Ap_p `f\u A sp v$Musy R> L$ kpnuAp Ecp L$fpegp R>. sdZ V$pmpdp_p AL$ dpZk_ kX$phu v$u^p, L$pC Ap^pfc|s kpnuAp _\u. Ahp L$pC ku^p `yfphp `Z _\u L$ S> bsph L$ Qp$k dpZk bpNu_ ApN Qp`u, sZ dpZkp_ dpfu _pep. QpS>iuV$dp Ap rhi L$iy S> L$lhpey _\u. (_p^ : `pguk _hp kpnu AS>e_u Sy>bp_u `f\u kgudV$fu QpS>iuV$ V|$L$ kdedp v$pMg L$fhp_u R>.)

L$gd 164 lW$m AS>e_y r_hv$_ dlh_y b_u iL$ Ad R>?

lp, dlh_y R> `Z A rhi dpf AL$ dyp DW$phhp R>-`[gL$ prkeyV$f `Qpg Apfp`uAp_u du_ Af_p S>hpbdp L$pV$_ AS>e_p r_hv$__ AhNZhp L$y. sdZ v$gug L$fu L$ AS>e Ap dprlsu v$hp ku^p S> L$pV$ `pk Nep lsp. prkeyV$f fgh `pguk hsu\u v$gug L$fu_ L$pV$_ S>Zpey L$, "Ad r_hv$_ `f Ap^pf fpMsp _\u, A Adpfu s`pk_p rlkp _\u.'

r_hv_$ q$rdg_ pkuS>f L$pX$_u L$gd 167 lW$m _p^hpdp Apey R>. AS>e ku^p S> S>S> `pk s_y kpnu_y r_hv$_ gC_ Nep lsp. s_p r_hv$_dp S>Zphpey R> L$ Np^fp_u OV$_p L$pdu OV$_p _lpsu, A V$i_ `f L$V$gpL$ dykpafp A_ aqfepAp hQ_u sL$fpf lsu.

AS>e_p r_hv$_ dpZ šCA, sp AL$ dlh_y `pky _p^hp S>hy A R> L$ S> 54 S>Z_u ^f`L$X$ \C R> sAp V$__ ApN gNpX$hpdp kpdg _lpsp. sZ kph _hp S> _pdp, Np^fp V$i_ `f_p aqfep_p, S>dZ MfMf V$__ ApN Qp`u lsu s_p _pdp v$u^p R>. QpS>iuV$dp_p 54dp_p AL$ `Z Apfp`u_y _pd AS>e v$u^y _\u.

`Z QpS>iuV$dp S> L$V$gpL$ _pd R> s AS>e `Z v$u^p R> A_ lh A gpL$p _pksp af R>. A hps kpQu R>_?

lp, kpQu hps R>. `Z `pguk kpnuAp_ fS|> L$fi epf S> AS>e_p r_hv$__y `yfphp sfuL$_y d|e Zu iL$pi. AL$ V$[_L$g dyp `Z Ecp \i L$ ip dpV$ AS>e ApV$gp drl_p ky^u Q|` fp? s v$php L$f R> L$ s_ ApOps gpep lsp A_ s_p __ Msfp lsp, sp s lh iy L$pd bpg R>?

lL$uL$s A R> L$ s`pkL$sp Ar^L$pfuApA Ap _pV$L$ Ecy L$ey R>. apf[kL$ gbpfV$fu_p Alhpg kphpf r\efu\u kph Sy>v$p `X$ R>. s`pk L$f_pfp Ar^L$pfuApA QpS>iuV$ d|L$sp `lgp Alhpg s`pep _lpsp.

A Alhpg_p dyp Ecp \ep AV$g A gpL$pA QpS>iuV$dp_u c|gp_ kfcf L$fhp, V__ blpf\u ApN gNpX$pC lsu A v$php \pr`s L$fhp _hp S> kpnu Ecp L$fu v$u^p.

AS>e_y r_hv$_ blz dpXy$ Apey R> s\u s L$pV$dp Qpgi _l].

sd Ad L$lhp dpNp R>p L$ AS>e Apfp`u lphp šCA, kpnu _l]?

Ap sb$ prkeyi_ `ps S> AS>e_p r_hv$_ `f Ap^pf fpMsy _\u.

L$pC `Z Ny_pdp `pguk L$k_p b hT_ lpe sp v$Musu fus S> s_p apev$p Apfp`u_ \pe R>.

Np^fp_p _pNqfL$ sfuL$ sd_ Ap L$k rhi iy gpN R>?

epeu s`pk L$fhp_u fpe kfL$pf_u afS> R>. Y$ugu s`pk_ gu^ kpQp Ny_Npfp `L$X$pep _\u.

Apfp`uAp _pku R|>V$p AV$g Ny_pMpfp_ OkX$u ghpep. Ap bey epf Z `pguk _$u L$fu gu^y lsy L$ L$V$gpL$ gpL$p_u fpS>L$ue L$pfqL$v$} Msd L$fu _pMhp_u Ap kpfu sL$ R>.

15 qdr_V$_p Npmpdp Ap OV$_p b_u epf hpshdp _L$_p V$i_ `f AL$ `Z `pguk _lpsu. AV$g S> ep Ny_p bep-Np^fp fgh V$i_ `f, ep\u L$pC `L$X$pey _l]. OV$_p b_u `R>u sfs S> L$fey gpv$u v$hpep. `Z OZp_ A_u Mbf _lpsu AV$g L$fey_p cN L$fu bW$p.

27du abyApfuA kpS> R> hpe `pguk L$fey_p cN L$fhp bv$g 41 S>Z_u ^f`L$X$ L$fu lsu sd_ lh Ap L$kdp Apfp`u bsphpC fp R>. Ap lL$uL$s R>.

S>dZ apef rbNX$_ `pZu `lpQpX$hpdp dv$v$ L$fu lsu s A. Apf. ^prZsp_y _pd `Z Apfp`uApdp kpdg L$fu v$hpey R>.

i$Aps_p qv$hkpdp sp c$pQpf `Z blz Qpep lsp. gpL$p_-tlvy$ A_ dykgdp_-b__ ^dL$u A`psu lsu L$ sd `kp _l] Ap`p sp QpS>iuV$dp _pd kpdg L$fu v$hpi.

`Z sd `pguk_ L$C fus v$pju W$fhu iL$p? AY$u drl_p ky^u rk_g armepdp\u AL$ `Z S>Z kpnu sfuL$ ApNm Apey _lpsy. lL$uL$sdp Ahy L$lhpe R> L$ A rhspfdp\u ep\u V$pmy Apey lsy s `pguk dpV$ `Z "b^' lsp...

L$pC `pguk Ar^L$pfuA gpL$p_ r_hv$_ Ap`hp dpV$ `|R>ey _lpsy. A Aqfep `pguk dpV$ b^ \C Nep lsp A hps MpV$u R>.

OV$_pdp fTpL$ Ly$fLy$f dye k|^pf lsp A Apfp` kp\ sd kds R>p?

A Ahp dpZk _\u. A dpV$fdpBX$ _\u. `lgp AdZ L$y L$ rbgpg dye k|^pf R>. lh sAp L$C buSy> S> L$l R>. Ly$fLy$f_y Ad_ NV$ lpDk R>. s kpV$ qX$޼k_p V$pg Qgph R> A_ s_u `p__u vy$L$p_ R>. lz ep\u v$ffpS> `kpf \pJ Ry>. A L$pC qv$hk L$pC sL$fpfdp kX$phpep lpe Ahy dpfu Zdp _\u. 1980_p v$peL$pdp L$pC dpdgpdp s kX$phpep lsp. s rkhpe s_p fL$pX$ kpa R>.

Np^fp_u OV$_p L$pfkhL$p A_ Qp hQsp aqfepAp hQ_u QL$dL$_y `qfZpd lsy. Ly$fLy$f kpV$ qX$޼k, Qp A_ Ahu b^u Quš $qX$V$ `f aqfepAp_ kgpe L$fsp. AV$g lh `pguk L$l R> L$ A aqfepApA L$ey lsy AV$g Ly$fLy$f S> L$fpey li. `Z sp `R>u Ly$fLy$f sp AS>e_ `Z Ap b^y kgpe L$fsp lsp sp AS>e_y _pd L$d Apfp`uAp _\u.

`pguk s`pk lp`gk R>. gudX$uep QpL$u_p v$pMgp gp. 70 S>Z dfu Nep lsp sdp\u 11_p S> dsv$lp dep R>. bpL$u_p b^p_ gp`sp NZphu v$hpep R>. L$pC s`pk L$fsy _\u, L$pC_ `X$u _\u.

dye ^p_ _f dpv$u Apn` L$f R> L$ Np^fp_p L$V$gpL$ Apfp`uAp_ apBh V$pf cpS>_ A_ bu hsyAp `|fu `pX$hpdp Aph R>. Ap b^y ep\u Aph R>?

Apfp`uAp kfL$pfu d_S>dV$ lW$m kMs kyfnphpmu S>gdp R>. š sd_ blpf\u Mphp_y A_ bu hsyAp dmsu lpe sp kfL$pf iy L$fu flu R>? kfL$pf_u kdrs hNf Ap b^y \C S> L$C fus iL$?

Apfp`uAp_p bQph dpV$ Nadp\u dpV$p `pe _pZp Aphu fp R> Ahp v$php L$fhpdp Aphu fp R>.

kph MpVy$ R>. dpV$p cpN_p Apfp`uAp Nfub R> A_ Ad sd_u `pk\u L$pC au gsp _\u. sd Ad_p Of S> S>C_ Sy>Ap_, A gpL$p L$hu fus fl R>?

fTpL$ Ly$fLy$f A_ kgud `p_hpgp Np^fpdp S> Ry>`pegp R>. gpL$pA sd_ `pguk_ kp`u v$hp _ šCA?

lz sd_ kpdp khpg L$fy Ry>. AL$ v$pMgp Ap`y. gudX$uep QpL$udp 70 gpL$p_ V$`pdp hsp kmNphu v$hpep. A rhspf_p gpL$pA L$d Ny_Npfp_ `pguk_ lhpg _\u L$ep? Apfp`uAp_ L$ Ny_Npfp_ L$pC kdpS> L$pC qv$hk `pguk_ lhpg L$ep R> Mfp? Ad_ S> lfp_ L$fhpdp Aphu fp R> L$d L$ Ap kfL$pf dpV$ Ad Apfdpep R>pL$fp R>uA.

qX$TpB_ : Dv$e Ly$qL$e_

ANpD_u dygpL$ps
"Z hpf hpv$mp hfkhpdp r_am Nep R>'

_hp rhcpN : qfqX$a dygpL$ps


dyhuV$pBd : ddfu qfey dygpL$ps apV$p auQf rhgjZ kdpQpf QQp B^f D^f L$u N`k` QV$ Arcpe rhhpv$
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