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Full country name: Portugal
Area: 92,391 sq km
Population: 10.1 million
Capital City: Lisbon (pop 535,740)
People: 99% Portuguese, 1% African
Religion: 97% Roman Catholic, 2% Protestant, 1% other
Government: parliamentary democracy
Modern football was introduced to Portugal in 1884 by Guilherme Pinto Basto, who had returned from England.
The name Eusébio, who was born in Mozambique, is Synonymous with football in Portugal. He joined SL Benfica as a 19-year-old in 1961 and within 12 months had scored twice in the European Cup final as the Eagles beat Real Madrid CF 5-3. The Black Pearl, as he was known then, appeared on the losing side in three later finals but enjoyed his greatest moment in 1966, when he scored nine goals as Portugal finished third in that year's World Cup in England. He scored 41 goals in 64 appearances for his country. | Complete Profile
In the late 1980s a 'golden generation' including Rui Costa, João Pinto and Luís Figo dominated international youth tournaments.
An independent kingdom since 1143, Portugal established its continental frontiers in 1297 and is one of the oldest nations in Europe.
In 1415, the Portuguese set sail on an epic voyage that would make them the first to discover the ocean routes to India, Brazil, China and Japan, and at the same time founded settlements on the east and west coasts of Africa.
A member-country of the European Union since 1986, Portugal currently enjoys a steady economic growth
Savouring life slowly is a Portugeuse passion, and much of the best is humble - traditional folk festivals; simple and food drowning in delicious olive oil.
Lisbon: In addition to architectural masterpieces at Belém, the city has over 50 museums to visit.
Lagos: Most visitors are drawn to the superb beaches, which include Meia Praia, a vast strip of sand to the east, and the more secluded Praia do Pinhão to the south.
Évora: The walled town of Évora is one of the architectural gems of Portugal.