The Rediff Special
The Indian war hero who stood up to the Nazis
The Imperial War Museum has just made public the remarkable
story of Dr B N Mazumdar who was captured by the Nazis during
his service in World War II. Shrabani Basu tells his amazing story:
"I was the only easterner there. All other prisoners
were English or Dutch. We were disinfected by some kind of powder...
Then the German officer told me, I had to have my hair shaved.
I said, 'What for?' He said, 'You are not European'. I said, 'I'm
not going to, you can do what you like'. We kept shouting at each
other. I said 'you only shave your head when your father or mother
dies. I am not going to shave my head under any condition. They
put me in the klink (you know what that is, prison). That was
my first encounter with the Germans."
--Dr Birendra Nath Mazumdar, recalling his experience as a prisoner
of war in Kassel, Germany, in 1940. (From the sound archives at
the Imperial War Museum in London.
The voice was slightly hoarse, but steady with an unmistakable
Bengali accent. At 82, Dr Birendra Nath Mazumdar could recall
the events of 50 years ago with remarkable clarity. And he had
a tremendous story to tell.
It was the first time Dr Mazumdar had ever told anyone -- apart
from his family -- about his war-time bravery. The secrets would
have died with him, had he not given an interview to the Imperial
War Museum last year. Even so, he had instructed them not to release
the memories till his death. He died last December and the War
Museum has just made public his remarkable story of war-time heroism.
In a two-and-a-half hour recording, Mazumdar recalls the events
of 1939 to 1945 when he joined the Royal Army Medical Corps
and was posted to France, till the time he was sent to Gaya, India,
in 1945. In those turbulent war years, he was made a prisoner
of war by the Germans in the Colditz, tortured, kept in
solitary confinement for defying the Nazis, wooed by the Germans
to join Subhas Bose's Indian Legion, threatened with execution
for not doing so and accused of being a spy.
The story begins in 1939 when Mazumdar joined the RAMC and was
posted to the French base of Etaples. In 1940, he was called upon
to lead a convoy of five to six ambulances out of Etaples to Boulogne.
It was on the way that German troops surrounded them and Mazumdar
had no choice but to surrender. He was made a POW and taken to
a camp on the Dutch border. From there they were taken to Kassel.
At the camp he realised how selfish other officers were. "There
was no spirit of camaraderie that I had read about in the books
of World War I. They didn't want to share their food, and we lived
on black coffee and bread. This was happening among so-called
educated people. I couldn't believe my eyes," he said.
One day in Kassel, Mazumdar was called by the commandant and told:
'There are a lot of your countrymen in my country who would
like you to join them.' It was the first invitation to join
Subhas Bose's forces. He refused.
His defiance led him to be moved from camp and he covered 17 in
all. The last camp was at Marienberg near Dangiz. Again the Germans
told him, 'You can have a good life if you join us and join
your countrymen.' He again refused.
In 1943, his defiance cost him a move to Colditz, the dreaded
high-security castle. It was while at Coditz that Mazumdar was
called to Berlin. Once there, he was brought face to face with
"I haven't forgotten that moment," recalled Mazumdar.
"We talked in Bengali about various things. Eventually he
came to the point. 'You know why you are here,' he said. 'We are
forming a Legion, won't you come and join us?'
"I said, 'I cannot and I would not.'
"Subhas Bose was disappointed. He said, 'I don't think we
shall meet again.' He asked me one last time before he left. I
refused once again. He pressed the bell and a chap came and took
"I returned to Colditz where everybody had heard that I had
been to see Bose."
In Colditz, Mazumdar made friends with the Dutch officers. He
never got on with the British officers in the Indian Army, who
used to refer to the Indians as "bloody Gandhi's chaps".
Here he was even accused by fellow officers of being a German
spy. Mazumdar then decided that he had to escape. In a desperate
bid to get out of Colditz, Mazumdar went on hunger-strike.
For five weeks he lived on water and was taunted by the British
officers that he was "doing a Gandhi". Then he was moved
to another camp with less security. His strike had worked.
He was then moved to a camp full of Indian soldiers. One day when
they were being moved to another camp by train, Mazumdar escaped
with two Indian sappers, Sethi and Salim.
After hiding in the country for two days, Mazumdar finally want
to the village to get food. A French villager gave them food and
asked them to go as there were orders to shoot escaped POWs. They
began walking towards the Spanish border, but on the fifth day
they were again captured by the Germans, flogged, called 'coloured
buggers' and put in a smelly dump. The Gestapo then asked
the doctor again if he would like to take the last chance to join
Bose. He refused and was flogged again.
They were then moved to another camp, full of Indian soldiers
from Italy. The three of them planned to escape again. This time
it was more dangerous as it involved crossing a 13-foot barbed
wall. They somehow managed to escape.
Eventually they reached Nevers where a French widow gave them
shelter and told them they would be taken to the Swiss border
with the help of the French Resistance.
"We crossed the frontier to Switzerland," he recalled.
Mazumdar and his mates had made their home run. The year was 1943.
Eventually Mazumdar was sent to London to treat Indian Army soldiers.
Further clashes with British officers followed and Mazumdar was
falsely charged with embezzling funds and put under house-arrest.
It was the intervention of a Swiss doctor that stopped him from
being court-martialled. Meanwhile, the British officers from the
Indian Army returned to India and eventually Mazumdar returned
to England where he was stationed at Woolwich.
By then the war in Europe was over and one day he was called upon
by MI5 and MI6 who wanted to ask him about Bose.
"They questioned me for two days. When I had nothing to say,
they told me, 'You are ruining your chances of getting a medal.'
I burst out laughing. Do you think I escaped and went through
all this to get a medal?"
Finally, Mazumdar was asked to proceed to Gaya with the troops.
Here again he stood up to the racial taunts of the British and
once even disciplined an English officer who had asked his brother,
Samar, a naval officer to get off the first class compartment.
Mazumdar returned to England in 1946 carrying memories of his
war days with him. Many of them were painful, of not just physical
abuse by the Germans, but the ingratitude, racism and selfishness
of the British. He got no decorations and lived on his army pension.
It was only recently that he joined the Colditz Association, who
alerted the Imperial War Museum of his story.
The University of Leeds has requested his widow, Joan Mazumdar,
to give his memories for their war archives. The remarkable story
of Dr Mazumdar can then join the legends of other heroes of the
Courtesy: Sunday magazine
Tell us what you think of this report