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Explained: Sino-Indian ties in figures

Last updated on: January 10, 2008 19:43 IST

On January 13, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will reach Beijing with issues related to business and economy on his mind.

The Chinese economy is roughly three times bigger than India's. The overview of China and India's trade statistics and other related information given below suggests that both countries have a long way to go.

Both countries have some striking similarities and deep differences.

The most-striking difference between India and People's Republic of China is that the latter is largely an atheist country while in the case of the former one has to put an effort to find them.

The country, which is 9.56 million sq km in size, has 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four centrally-administrative municipalities and two special administrative regions.

Unlike India, China's diversity is not striking. It has 56 ethnic groups of which the Han account for 94 per cent. 

The second biggest difference between India and China is its political system.

In China, there is the party and then the government -- Two Constitutions are at work and working so far without colluding. It embodies following power structures.

Communist Party of China structure

Unicameral National Legislature

Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference is between CPC & 8 'democratic' parties plus unions.


Provincial leadership

Even a novice knows that China's economy is fourth largest in the world, but if taken on account of purchasing power parity it is the second largest.

It contributes to 5.5 per cent of world's Gross Domestic Product and 7.2 per cent of the world's trade. Since 1978, its economy has grown at an average rate of 9.67 per cent. Since 1978 so much money has been poured into China that its growth cannot be halted now.

So far, world investors have overall contributed direct investment of $750 billion (about Rs 30 lakh crore) to China's growth. It obviously has helped China to build awesome foreign exchange reserve of $1,400 billion (about Rs 56 lakh crore), the largest on the planet.

China overtook Japan ($860 billion or about Rs 34 lakh crore) in February this year in forex reserves

And, China has made sure that it will also buck up its agriculture production. In 2006, it is grain production was 497 metric tonnes. But, obviously, everything is not rosy here, too. The urban-rural gap is growing with actual urban income approaching six times that of rural income.

Evidence of fast changing Chinese

Some socio-economic indicators are enough to put China ahead of all world economy in near future. Its retail sales in 2006 -- $979 billion (about Rs 39 lakh crore) will be unabated. Its national savings rate is 49 per cent even though people have been changing old habits fast.

The Chinese society's biggest fad is automobiles. China produced 7.28 million cars in 2006.

Like all Asians, Chinese too love talking. China has about 520 million mobile phone owners. China has 660 cities of which 141 have a population over 1 million.

The Chinese have changed the way they dress and yearn to learn English. Life expectancy is 74 years.

What makes China click

There are many drivers of China's growth, but following are the key reasons:

China means foreign trading. Following are the major features of the China's maddening export sector:

Challenges to the economy

India-China commercial and economy story

Bilateral trade trends

Growing commercial linkages

Areas of Indian presence

Indian companies in China

Ranbaxy, Orchid Pharmaceuticals, Dr Reddy's Lab, Aurobindo Pharma, Sundaram Fasteners, JK Tyres, Suzlon, Thermax, L&T, Reliance, Adani Group, Essar Steel, Apollo Tyres, TCS, Infosys, Satyam, Zensar, Aptech, NIIT, iGate, IIHT, Essel Pro-Pack Ltd, Aditya Birla Group, Real and KGK Diamonds, Mahindra & Mahindra, Videocon and Zee TV

Shortcomings in the trade  

Statistics & information courtesy: Embassy of India, Beijing

A Correspondent