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What happened in Ayodhya on the eve of consecration

January 21, 2024 20:27 IST

Invitees to the 'pran pratishtha' consecration ceremony at the Ram temple started arriving Sunday in Ayodhya -- once a sleepy town now resplendent with new infrastructure and gripped by heightened religious fervour on the eve of a seminal event in India's political and religious history.

IMAGE: Glimpses of the laser show at 'Ram ki Pedi' on the eve of the 'pran pratishtha' ceremony of Mega Ram Mandir in Ayodhya on Sunday. Photograph: Rahul Singh/ANI Photo

The town, about 140 km west of Lucknow, was bedecked with multi-coloured flowers as recordings of 'Ram dhun' played from loudspeakers and townsfolk dressed as Lord Ram, Sita, Lakshman and Hanuman paraded down the streets followed by delirious devotees, and news camera crews.

"Ayodhya Ram maye ho gayi hai (Ayodhya is immersed in devotion of Lord Ram)," said Shailendra Gupta, who runs a fabric store on Ram Path, the main street of the town that runs past the Ram temple. "And tomorrow is a day when Hindus across the world will rejoice."


Skittish policemen kept order, urging cars to stay mobile. But they could only honk repeatedly to part the sea of pilgrims on Ram Path, many with 'Jai Shri Ram' painted on their foreheads in shades of ochre and vermillion.

Ceremonial gates depicting 'Jai Shri Ram' in floral patterns and illumination visible at night add to the aura of the ancient city which has undergone a massive infrastructural growth in the last couple of years after the 2019 Supreme Court verdict on the Ram temple issue.

"The entire country is chanting the name of Lord Ram," said Uttar Pradesh Deputy Chief Minister Keshav Prasad Maurya.

IMAGE: A devotee holds the saffron flag of Lord Ram in front of the Ram Temple entrance on the eve of its pran pratishtha ceremony. Photograph: Amit Sharma/ANI Photo

All the excitement is in preparation for the mega consecration ceremony on Monday, which will climax decades of efforts and agitation to build the temple on the site where Hindus believe Lord Ram was born.

At the site stood the Babri mosque, which was built in the 16th century. It was demolished by kar sevaks on December 6, 1992.

After a protracted legal battle, the Supreme Court in November 2019 ruled in favour of the construction of the temple. It also said a 5-acre plot for the construction of a mosque be allotted.

Following the ruling, Ayodhya received a burst of infrastructure push. Today, it has wide main streets, flyovers, a brand new airport and a refurbished railway station.

The streets and skyline of Ayodhya are covered with saffron flags fluttering from rooftops of buildings, small and big.

Cut-outs of the Ram temple along with Lord Ram have been put up at Lata Mangeshkar Chowk, while ornamental lamp posts along the Ram Path bearing design themed on 'Ramanadi tilak' and light patterns depicting religious symbols have turned the city into a land of festivities.

IMAGE: Workers decorate the entrance gate on the eve of Ram Temple's pran pratishtha ceremony. Photograph: Shrikant Singh/ANI Photo

The grand ceremony of the much-awaited 'pran pratishtha' will be attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, following which the shrine will be opened for the public a day later.

The ceremony will begin at 12.20 pm and is expected to end by 1 pm.

The prime minister will then address a gathering of more than 7,000 people, including seers and prominent personalities, at the venue.

The entire event will be telecast live to a nationwide audience of millions, and more outside India.

The excitement among devotees, both local and those who have travelled long distances, reached a near crescendo on Sunday.

In the streets, folk artists presented cultural performances, some swinging peacock feathers while others beat drums and grooved to 'Ram dhun' playing in the streets.

IMAGE: Police personnel stand guard at the entrance gate of Ram Temple's pran pratishtha ceremony. Photograph: Shrikant Singh/ANI Photo

Some religious organisations, whose volunteers have come from other states, played 'Ram bhajan' on loudspeakers mounted on a vehicle, while those walking on foot chanted 'Jai Shri Ram'.

Mahant Prakash Das Maharaj of an ancient religious shrine in Alwar in Rajasthan, an invitee to the ceremony, said there is an 'atmosphere of exuberance' among all about this Ram temple.

"I have brought a pair of 'silver charanpaduka' to Ayodhya and today I will present it to the chairman of the Ram temple trust. It weighs about 750 gm, and has been made by artists from Alwar," he told PTI.

The Mahant said, in 2020, he had presented a silver brick for the bhoomi pujan ceremony.

"Tomorrow, the 'pran pratishtha' will take place at Ram temple, and see the joy, happiness and delight among the people. With the full installation of Ram Lalla's idol at the Ram temple, we will see 'Satyug' in 'Kalyug'," he said, as he walked barefoot towards Hanumangarhi temple to pay obeisance to the deity.

A large number of sadhus and seers, who have been invited to the ceremony, have also arrived in the temple town, officials said.

"We had not imagined that the participation from people would be of such a scale. Even the top citizens of the country are seeking an invite to the ceremony," Vishva Hindu Parishad's international working president Alok Kumar said.

IMAGE: Sadhus arrive to attend the pran pratishtha ceremony of the Ram Janmabhoomi Temple. Photograph: Amit Sharma/ANI Photo

"In 5 lakh temples around the world about 7 to 8 crore people are expected to join the celebrations tomorrow," he said. "This celebration is drawing people of the world towards Lord Ram."

Parapets on roofs of houses along the Bhakti Path which lead to Hanumangarhi temple have also been decked up with flowers.

The scenes in streets are festive and devotees are eagerly awaiting for the doors of the temple to open for them from January 23 onwards.

A song played on loudspeakers with a refrain 'Suno Tumhe Ayodhya Bula Rahi Hai', as lakhs of devotees are expected to descend on the temple town once it opens.

But, it's not just the streets and ghats wearing a festive look, even the Ayodhya Media Centre has been dressed up in a religious theme.

Huge banners of the Ram temple have been put up at the centre, while DD News reports on the Ayodhya Ram temple play on big screens.

The media centre has been set up at the Ram Katha Park located along Dharm Path, one of the two showpiece streets in what the government calls 'Navya Divya and Bhavya Ayodhya'.

Kunal Dutt
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