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Stage set for 2nd Modi-Xi summit amid Kashmir tension

By Manash Pratim Bhuyan
Last updated on: October 11, 2019 00:34 IST
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping will sit down in the 7th century Shore Temple complex overlooking the Bay of Bengal in Mahabalipuram on Friday in an attempt to reconfigure ties strained by tough talk on the Kashmir issue by both sides.

IMAGE: Workers carry a hoarding welcoming Modi and Jinping in Mahabalipuram. Photograph: PTI Photo

A red-carpet welcome awaits Xi when he arrives in Mahabalipuram around 5 pm with both the state and the central government agencies making all-out efforts to deck up the coastal town which had strong historical linkages with China's Fujian province.

Ahead of the two-day summit, Chinese Ambassador to India Sun Weidong said that a "new set of consensus" including "guiding principles" on giving a new direction to the bilateral ties are expected from engagement.


Officials said Xi will arrive at the Chennai airport around 2 pm and then head off to a luxury hotel.

At 5 pm, Modi will take Xi to three iconic monuments of Mamallapuram -- Arjuna's Penance, Panch Rathas and the Shore temple.

Then the two leaders will witness a cultural programme at the temple complex.

They will sit together in the lawns of the Shore temple and exchange views on charting a new roadmap of development and cooperation.

Then, the prime minister will host a private dinner for Xi at the temple complex.

On Saturday, the two leaders will have an one-on-one meeting at the Fisherman's Cove resort which will be followed by delegation-level talks.

After the talks, Modi will host a lunch for Xi, and the Chinese leader will leave for Chennai airport at 12:45 pm, they said.

All the monuments in Mamallapuram to be visited by Xi were spruced up while colourful gates have been erected along the routes from Chennai to this coastal city.

A grand ornamental arch to welcome the two leaders has been prominently put up at the entrance to Mamallapuram from the East Coast Road.

Traditional arches made of banana trees and sugarcane have been put up in front of the hotel where Xi will stay.

An unprecedented security cover has been thrown in and around Mamallapuram which has inconvenienced people in the town as well as tourists.

The informal summit is taking place amid renewed strain in ties between the two countries over the Kashmir issue.

A joint statement issued after talks between President Xi and Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan on Wednesday said China is paying "close attention" to the situation in the Kashmir and that it should be be properly and peacefully resolved based on the UN Charter.

In its reaction, external affairs ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said India's consistent and clear position has been that Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of the country and China is well aware of New Delhi's position.

Government sources also said there was no question of any discussion on the issue as it is India's sovereign matter but added that Modi will update the Chinese President on the matter if there is a query.

The summit in the ancient coastal town in southern India is also taking place in the backdrop of China's growing trade friction with the US.

Both leaders are likely to explore ways of expanding trade and business ties. India is expected to raise the issue of ballooning trade deficit in China's favour, the sources said.

They added that political relations, trade and ways to maintain peace and tranquility along nearly 3,500-km-long Sino-India border will be major focus areas in the talks.

The ties between India and China came under some strain after India announced withdrawal of Jammu and Kashmir's special status and bifurcated the state into two Union territories. China criticised India's decision and its foreign minister Wang Yi even raised it at the UN General Assembly last month.

Days later, Chinese ambassador to Pakistan Yao Jing said that China was working for Kashmiris to help them get their fundamental rights and justice, comments which have not gone down well with New Delhi.

The first informal summit between Modi and Xi took place in picturesque Chinese lake city Wuhan in April 2018, months after a 73-day-long face off between the armies of the two countries in Doklam tri-juction in Sikkim sector raised fears of a war between the Asian giants.

In the summit, Modi and Xi decided to issue "strategic guidance" to their militaries to strengthen communication and build trust and understanding.

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Manash Pratim Bhuyan in Mahabalipuram
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