Central Bureau of Investigation’s Director Alok Verma, who has been divested of all duties by the Centre and sent on leave, told the Supreme Court on Thursday that he was appointed for a fixed tenure of two years and cannot even be transferred.
Verma, who has a feud with his deputy Rakesh Asthana, Special Director in CBI, had approached the apex court seeking stay on the Centre's order contending that it was against the guidelines laid down by the top court.
During the hearing, the apex court made it clear that it was not going into the allegations and counter allegations.
"We are and only testing the issue as pure question of law," said a bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi.
Challenging the government’s decision, his counsel and senior advocate Fali S Nariman said Verma was appointed on February 1, 2017 and 'the position of law is that there will be a fixed tenure of two years and this gentleman cannot be even transferred'.
Making his submission before a bench comprising Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, Justices S K Kaul and K M Joseph, the advocate said there was no basis for the Central Vigilance Commission to pass such an order recommending to send him on leave.
"There has to be strict interpretation of the Vineet Narain judgment. This is not the transfer and Verma has been denuded of his power and duties... otherwise there was no use of the Narain judgment and the law," Nariman said.
The Vineet Narain decision, delivered by the apex court in 1997, relates to the investigation of allegations of corruption against high-ranking public officials in India.
Before 1997, the tenure of the CBI director was not fixed and they could be removed by the government in any manner. But the apex court in the Vineet Narain judgment fixed a tenure of a minimum of two years for the CBI director to allow the officer to work with independence.
Nariman referred to the terms and conditions of appointment and removal of the CBI director and concerned provisions of the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.
Attorney General K K Venugopal opposed the plea of Verma and others that the government should have gone back to the selection panel for divesting the CBI Director of his duties and sending him on leave.
Venugopal told the court that Verma is in Delhi living in the same house and hence there is nothing to construe that he has been transferred.
"Verma continues to hold the status of Director, and enjoys all privileges and benefits of the post till date," the AG told the bench which adjourned the hearing for December 5.
The top court also asked CBI to keep record of all transfers made after Verma was divested of his duties.
Senior advocate Kapil Sibal, appearing for Leader of Opposition Mallikarjun Kharge (Congress), referred to the CVC order divesting Verma of his power and sending him on leave.
Sibal said the CVC and the government cannot override DSPE provisions which makes it mandatory to consult panel before 'transfer' of CBI chief mid-tenure.
"The order to seal Verma's office passed without powers under the CVC Act", Sibal said, adding that the CVC and the government cannot override the power provided under the law.
Sibal said that even if a CBI Director is caught red-handed, the government has no choice but go the selection panel.
"Remedy of acting against the CBI director lied with the selection committee and I am not saying that no action can be taken against the CBI Director," Sibal said.
"Power to appoint will also have power to suspend or dismiss. This is why whatever had to be done against Verma, it had to go to the Selection Committee. This may tomorrow happen to CAG, CVC since similar provisions are for them," Sibal said.
The senior advocate said: "What will happen to the independence of CBI if government is allowed to remove CBI Director like this? Today it is the CBI Director, tomorrow govt can remove the Central Vigilance Commissioner."
Senior advocate Dushyant Dave, appearing for NGO Common Cause which has come in support of Verma, said that even if a person is facing the corruption charges the issues like transfer of the CBI director have to go before the selection panel comprising the Prime Minister, Leader of Opposition and the CJI.
The process under Delhi Special Police Establishment (DSPE) Act has been bypassed by divesting Alok Verma of charges, Dave said.
Senior advocate Indira Jaising, representing Manish Kumar Sinha, CBI DIG, who was also transferred from the headquarter to Nagpur, said the petition against transfer be kept pending till decision on the CBI director's plea.
Sinha was also part of the CBI team which was investigating the alleged corruption case against Asthana and others pertaining to meat exporter Moin Qureshi.
Senior advocate Rajeev Dhavan, who appeared for Deputy SP A K Bassi, who was transferred to Port Bair, also advanced his submissions and said that 'even if the court were to say there is a lacuna in the DSPE Act, it is for the Supreme Court to fill up that lacuna. Government or CVC can't fill up this lacuna'.
At the outset, Nariman told the bench, which on November 20 had expressed deep anguish over the purported leak of CBI Director's response to the CVC's findings against him, that the court cannot prohibit the publication and referred to the apex court 2012 judgement in a case on the issue.
The bench was also irked over the publication of allegations levelled by agency's DIG Manish Kumar Sinha in his separate plea.