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  24 ApNV$, 2000
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  lpd`S> | NyS>fpsu grML$pAp | L$_epgpg dy_iu
L$pgrdV
dyhuV$pBd
R>gp 50 hjpdp
TV$`V$ fkpC
lkNygp
_V$ fqX$ep
kyfs `rieg
NTg fX$u-fL$_f
dpshv$_p
srbes
r\eV$f
hpsp : d^y fpe

 

L$_epgpg dy_iu : NyS>fpsu _hgL$\p_u cysp

rd_ dpL$gp

S> kpgdp "kfhsuQ'_p `lgp cpN blpf `X$p s S> hjdp-1887_p qX$kbf_u 30du spfuM L$_epgpg dy_iu_p S>d \ep cQdp. Nph^_fpd_u S>d S> bu.A. A_ AgAg.bu. \C_ sdZ dybCdp hL$ugps i$ L$fu. 1913dp NV$ \egu `lgu _hgL$\p "hf_u hk|gps' `f kfhsuQ_u `$ Akf R> sp kp\pkp\ sdp dy_iu_u ApdL$\p_p Aip `Z R>.

"hf_u hk|gps' `R>u "L$p_p hpL$?', "h_$p', "s`[h_u' S>hu kpdprS>L$ _hgL$\pAp dy_iuA gMu R> Mfu, `Z sdZ NyS>fps_p hpQL$p A_ rhhQL$p_ hi L$ep s sp sd_u ArslprkL$ _hgL$\pAp hX$. `lgu ArslprkL$ _hgL$\p "`pV$Z_u cysp' sdZ "O_epd epk'_p D`_pd\u NV$ L$fu lsu AV$gy S> _l], A S>dp_pdp `Z ApR>u NZpe Ahu dp _hy $r`ep_u fL$d_p bv$gpdp s_p L$p`ufpBV$ sdZ NyS>fpsu r[V$N k_ hQu v$u^p lsp! 1916dp NV$ \egu Ap _hgL$\p_p L$\p_ R> kpgL$ueyN_p fpAp L$Zv$h A_ rkfpS> S>etkl_p kde_u L$V$guL$ OV$_pAp. s_p A_yk^p_dp sdZ "NyS>fps_p _p\' A_ "fpr^fpS>' A b _hgL$\pAp gMu. "NyS>fps_p _p\' dy_iu_u khpd _hgL$\p sp R> S> `Z Ap`Zu cpjp_u Dd _hgL$\pApdp `Z s_y \p_ R>.

"S>e kpd_p\', "`r\huhgc', "c_`pvy$L$p', "cNhp_ L$pqV$e', "gpdlrjZu', "cNhp_ `fiyfpd', "L$Zphspf'-A dy_iu_u bu ArslprkL$, `pfprZL$ _hgL$\pAp R>. _hgL$\p D`fps dy_iuA _pV$L$p, hpsp, ApdL$\p, r_b^, rhhQ_, h_Qqf, hNf gep R>. Ap D`fps sdZ ANdp `Z 36 S>V$gp `ysL$p gep R>.

Aes rh`yg A_ dpsbf kprlekS>_ L$fhp D`fps `psp_u 84 hj_u tS>v$Nudp dy_iuA A_L$ Sy>v$p Sy>v$p np MX$p A_ Adp\u OZpMfpdp _p^`p kamsp dmhu. dy_iu Ad_p S>dp_p_p AL$ Mf ^pfpipu lsp, eyr_hrkV$uAp_p L$pdL$pS>dp fk g_pf A_ dlh_p cpN cS>h_pf L$mhZuL$pf lsp. 1915_u lpd$g_u Qmhm\u dpX$u_ 1947 ky^u_u v$i_u ApTpv$u dpV$_u gX$sdp kq$e cpN g_pf k_p_u lsp. dybC fpe_u A_ L$_u kfL$pfpdp AdZ ^p_ sfuL$ dlh_u L$pdNufu bhu lsu. cpfs kfL$pf_p rsr_r^ sfuL$ lv$fpbpv$_p dy[skNpddp ApNm `X$sp cpN cS>ep lsp A_ Df v$i S>hp v$i_p kp\u dpV$p fpe_p Nh_f `Z bep lsp. cpfs_p b^pfZ_p OX$hepApdp dy_iu_y \p_ ApNm `X$sy R>. fpS>Np`pgpQpfuA \p`gp hs `n_p A AL$ ANZu _sp lsp. sdZ NyS>fps kprle kkv$_u \p`_p L$fu, v$peL$pAp ky^u NyS>fpsu kprle `qfjv$_y kamsp _ Ly$_l`|hL$ kQpg_ L$ey. sd_y epv$Npf epNv$p_ s cpfsue rhpch_. 1938dp sdZ cpfsue rhpch__u \p`_p L$fgu, A_ s_u hrAp_ v$idp A_ v$i_u blpf M|b rhspfu.

_v$u_p ^kdksp hpl L$pmd]Y$ rigpAp_ `Z Oku _pMu_ _p_L$X$p `\fp b_phu v$ R> sd L$pm_p kss hlsp hpl `Z Nd shu kd\ rscp ^fphsu e[s_p e[sh_ Oku _pM R>. S>d S>d hMs S>sp S>i sd sd dy_iu_p _pd kp\ kL$mpegp A_L$ A\pdp\u L$V$gpL$ OkpC S>i, L$V$gpL$ Mfu `X$i. `Z "`pV$Z_u cysp', "NyS>fps_p _p\', "`r\huhgc', "L$Zphspf' S>hu _hgL$\pAp_p gML$ dy_iu_y _pd kv$sf hukfpC e A ie _\u.

"NyS>fps_p _p\'_p L$pL$, dyg A_ dS>fu_p `ppA hpQL$p_p d_dp A_fy ApL$jZ S>dpey R>. L$pL$ A_ dS>fu hQ_p AL$ kN_y ApgM_ L$fsp L$V$gpL$ cpN šCA :

khpf `X$u. cNhp_ qv$hpL$f_u Apfp^_p L$fsu Djp epddpN kQpf L$fsp Ap S>Ng `f \pcu A_ TpX$`p__u OV$pdp\u L$pi_u fMpAp hfkphhp gpNu.

L$rsdps_ r_fLy$i Mghp_p Ap n `f Djp fpS> `m hpf h^pf \pcsu; OV$pdp g`pegp `MuS>_p_ S>NpX$u, L$gpgd_p Ae huL$pfsu; OV$pdp\u sS>hu ApNmuAp hX$ k|sgp S>Ns_ gpX$\u DW$pX$su; tlkL$ pZu_ X$pfu _kpX$u d|L$su _ r_v$pj dNgp_ fdhp Aphhp L$C L$C Bipfp L$fsu.

ApS> Djp rh[ds \C QdL$u, rhQpfdp `X$u; Ap \m L$C A`qfrQs hsyAp v$MpC.

AL$ _f lsp, AL$ _pfu lsu `yfyjhidp. `yfyj dp\p _uQ L$pdmp_y ApiuLy$ L$fu Qp`pV$ KOsp lsp, s_u R>psu `f dp\y _ Mcp Y$pmu u `Z r_phi NC lsu. `yfyj_p lp\ u_u L$X$_u Apk`pk h]V$pep lsp, u_p lp\ `yfyj_p Nmp_u Apk`pk h]V$php_u hpV$ šsp lsp.

Djp_p AQbp_p `pf fp _l]. sZ A_L$ eyNgp_ cpsdp DW$pX$p lsp - dlgpdp sd Msfp_ M|Z bp^gu L$pQu T|`X$udp; `Z Aphy eyNg sZ L$v$u cpey _lpsy. b_ \pL$gp lsp. sd_p lp\ _ `N R>pgpC Nep lsp. sd_p hp apV$u Nep lsp, R>sp u_p dyM `f gdu gpS> Ahy A`|h kpv$e lsy. s_u ifuffMp_p gprgedp fcpdp `Z _ S>X$ Ahu rQcv$L$ dprl_u lsu. s _heph_ Mughgp d_plpfu ANpdp rhS>ep _ QX$ph Ahp _ip QX$phhp_p cph lsp. `yfyj_p L$`pm `f bl`rs_u byr v$u`su, d]Qgu ApMp `f\u `Z QpZe_y _`ye epv$ Aphsy, _pL$_p dfpX$dp ^_S>e_u dlhpL$pnp kdpegu gpNsu _ ^_ye kdp AX$N `Z fkTfsp lpW$dp Np`uhgc Nph^_^pfu_u frkL$sp flu lpe Ad gpNsy.

Djp Ap b_ r_lpmu flu. u_p EX$sp L|$`m kdp hpm_p `i L$ep, `yfyj_p sS>hu L$`pm_ sS> dY$y. sZ OZpe eyNgp šep lsp, `Z Aphy AL$ _lpsy šey. s `psp_ gprge_p Ahspf dp_su lsu, R>sp Ap u_u A`|hsp šC s_ Av$MpC \C A_ L$fX$u _S>f s šC flu.

Ap L$fX$u _S>f_p sp`\u, `peZu_p `p_ EOX$, sd uA ^ud\u _p DOpX$p. sZ rbQpfu Djp_p Nykp Nep _l] A_ AL$uV$i s `yfyj kpd šC flu, A_ v|$f\u fkpmp lpW_ Z Qyb_ L$fsu lpe sd - hpep. Djp_p L$p` hep. s kMs \C; S>hpbdp kyv$fuA dp L$`pm `f lp\ afep A_ s_u _aV$pCA dpTp d|L$u. s _uQu hmu _ `yfyj_p Npg `f Npg d|L$u `pR>u k|su. depv$piug A_ r_v$pjsp_p Ahspf kfMu Djp ifdpC Qpgu NC A_ f\ `f QX$gp frhfpS>_ sZ aqfepv$ L$fu.

A_pqv$ L$pm_p A_ychu, hph\p R>sp qv$_qv$_ _hy bpm`Z ^pfsp cNhp_ k|e_pfpeZ Ap hps kpcmu lep. lksp sd_y dp gpgQpm \ey A_ ^ud^ud Qpgsp f\_ \cphu TpX$pdp\u AL$uV$i s šC fp. u_y $` šC sd_p v$edp `Z _hp ALy$fp awV$p; sd_ `psp_p A_s L$peQ$ `f rsfL$pf Apep. sd_ `Z \ey L$ AL$ qv$hk_u azfkv$ lps sp `hu `f Ahspf gC s Ap fdZu_u khp L$fs.

fdZu_ frhfpS>_u lpS>fu_y cp_ \ey A_ s_p `azg dyM kpd s AL$uV$i šC flu. rbQpfp k|e r_:pk _pep. eyNp_p eyN `lgp L$fgp rhlpfp s_ epv$ Apep.

"sd `Z ApMf Eep Mfp!' S>fp V$pmdp eyhsu bbX$u _ _p_L$X$p _pL$_y V$fhy azgphu W$`L$p v$hp gpNu. k|e_pfpeZ Ap fpa kpMu fp. Aphu d_plpfu kyv$fu_p r_v$pj W$`L$p kpcmsp sd_p h `Z Ap_v$sfN l]Qhp gpep.

`Z s kyv$fu_p v$edp k|ev$h_ W$`L$p Ap`hp S>V$gu L$W$pfsp Aepf _lpsu. sZ Qpf sfa šey _ `R>u `pR>u bbX$u :

"iy kfk s`ph_!' `R>u sfs sZ lpW$ L$fX$p; s_u ApMdp spap_ Qdey. "`Z Ap s`p^__u kdpr^ R|>V$su S> _\u?' s r_g _e_ k|sgp `yfyj_p dp kpdy šC flu - `mp hlu NC `Z s_p _e_p_u sjp R>u`u _l]. b hMs sZ dpYy$ `pk gu^y, ApO gu^y; b hMs dpY$p `pk ApNmu gC NC _ `pR>u gphu, ApMf h _ fp. s _uQu hmu_ ^ud\u dv$cep, L$pX$cep AhpS> bpgu : "F>rjfpS>! epf kdpr^ R>pX$ip?'

`yfyj ^ud\u ApMp DOpX$u _ `m hpf sdp rhdesp Aphu _ NC. sZ lp\ kyv$fu_ L$pV$ _pep : "Ap h_ L$ kpQy?'

"F>rjfpS>! sdpfp S>hp_ d_ h_y, Adpf d_ kpQy.' dS>fu bpgu. "qiehv$p epf_p v$c huZhp _uL$mu `X$p R>. Ap s`ph_dp hlqfZp Ap`_ hv$_ L$fhp_ dpV$ Aphu Ecp R>.'

L$pL$ Ap iv$p\u Ecu L$fgu L$`_pkr$_p A_ych L$fhp \pX$u hpf d|N dpY$ `X$u fp _ `R>u L$y : "_ kyv$fu! sd BgpL$ R>pX$u Al]ep ip dpV$ Apep R>p?'

`lgp ApM_u AL$ Av$cys QdL$ Ap __p S>hpb v$u^p, A_ `R>u duWy$, `\f `uNmph Ahy lpe lku_ s bpgu : "dlpfpS>! Ap`_u s`epA Bpk_p X$pgpep R> s\u!'

"dpfy s` cN L$fhp ApV$gu sv$u! W$uL$ epf.' L$lu bW$gu dS>fu_u L$pV$ hmNu bW$p \C Nep. "dpfu s`ep flu KQu; sd R>p AV$g bk R>.'

s A_ dS>fu b_ MX$MX$pV$ lku `X$p.

"lh iy L$fuA?'

"lh L$C hlmp dm sp dpYy$ ^pCA, _ `R>u _pkuA.'

"dpfp sp `N vy$:M R>.'

"L$C _l]. khL$ lpS>f R>. epf d_dp lsp epf L$V$gu hpf KQL$u_ gC Nep, sp lh L$C R|>V$L$p R>!'

"Qpgp epf.' L$lu dS>fuA S> ceL$f fs sAp Esfu Apep lsp s sfa busp busp _S>f L$fu, A_ ApNm Qpghp dpX$y.

r_dm cps_p duW$p Aplgpv$ A_ychsp, hR>v$ `\fpC flgu h__u ipcp r_lpmsp, bm d_p b^__p cp_\u ds b_u s b_ fsp L$p`hp gpep. r_S>_sp, \pL$, k|e_p kMs \sp sp` - s_p sd_ rlkpb _lpsp. b_ Aop_ lsp - AL$ Nh\u, buš ehkpe\u. A b__u _hu EOX$gu ApM ApNm fkkdpr^ kp^gp rhprdp S> kŮhu iL$ Ahu qv$e fN fNgu _hu kr$ MX$u \C.

s kr$ _\u crhe, _\u c|s - dp hsdp_ S> R>. ep kv$pe hks S> R>, v$e_u AL$sp_sp\u; kv$pe ipc R> - kpQp v$e_p iusf[d; kv$pe hj R> A Adu^pfpAp kdp _e_dp\u L$ A^fdp\u.

ANpD_p gMp

Ap gM Ap`_ L$hp gpep?


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