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NyS>fps fpe_u \p`_p ApS>\u bfpbf 41 hj `lgp \C lsu. AgN fpe_u dpNZu L$fu "dlpNyS>fps Apv$pg_'_u ApNhp_u g_pf Bvy$gpg eproL$ ApS> leps lps sp L$v$pQ M|b vy$:Mu lps. AdZ L$hp NyS>fps_y h_ šey lsy? A NyS>fps ApS>_y NyS>fps _\u S>.

NyS>fps fpe_u \p`_pdp ANe_p apmp Ap`_pf bLy$dpf c$, lqfkpv$ epk A_ lqflf Mcpm S>hp pY$ _spAp NyS>fps_u ApS>\u Mpk Myi _\u. fpekcp_p ke bLy$dpf c$ "dlpNyS>fps g L$ flN' _pd_y `ysL$ gey R>. S>dp dlpNyS>fps Apv$pg_ rhi_u hpsp R>. lqflf Mcpm_y dp_hy R> L$, bldLy$dpf cˡ$ `ysL$dp lL$uL$sp kp\ QX$p L$ep R> A_ Apv$pg__p dye Zsp sAp S> lsp Ahy rs`pqv$s L$fhp_p e_ L$ep R>. lqfkpv$ epk "V$pBk Apa B[X$ep'_ Ap`gu dygpL$psdp L$y R> L$, ""dlpNyS>fps_p d|Mpducep A_ ifdS>_L$ Apv$pg_ kp\ lz kL$mpep lsp A_p `sphp d_ \pe R>. ApS> Qpf v$peL$p `R>u d_ gpN R> L$ MpV$p Dءi dpV$ lz MpV$p dpZkp kp\ šX$pep lsp.''

epk_p Nykp kd iL$pe Ahp R>. bu sfa bLy$dpf cˡ$ "ApS>' AMbpf_ Ap`gu dygpL$psdp L$y R> L$, ""Ap`Z Oτ b^y dmey R>. e[sv$uW$ Ap`Z dlpfp$ L$fsp h^y huS>mu_p D`epN (Nqs_u r_ip_u) L$fuA R>uA A_ dlpfp$ L$fsp e[sv$uW$ Ap`τ d|X$ufpL$pZ `Z h^pf R>.''

ApS> NyS>fps_p kpdpe NyS>fpsu_ lqfkpv$ epk_u hps kp\ kds \hp_y h^y epe gpNi. L$dk L$d AL$ NyS>fpsu `L$pf sfuL$ lz epk_p `n flhp_y h^y `kv$ L$fui.

v$f hj 1gu d_p qv$hk NyS>fps kfL$pfdp S> ipkL$ `n lpe R> sAp NyS>fpsu R>p`pApdp L$dk L$d AX$^p `p_p_u lfps Ap`u_ NyS>fps_u rkqAp_p bZNp awL$ R> A_ crhe_p NyS>fps_p rhL$pk rhi Nygpbu, Nygpbu hpsp L$f R>. S> s `n_p dye ^p_ v$fL$ R>p`p_ k_pV$ dpL$g R> S>dp "dfp NyS>fps dlp_' rhi L$pgd k[V$duV$f_p cph, " dpV$ kv$ip' lpe R>.

hpsrhL$sp L$CL$ Sy>v$u S> R>. ApS> NyS>fpsdp hksp L$V$gp NyS>fpsuAp_ NyS>fps dpV$ Arcdp_ li, NyS>fps_u A[dsp dpV$ tQsp li?

fpS>L$pfZ, fdsNds, V$_pgp, `ephfZ, kdpS>h_, epe `Z d_ NyS>fps_u A[dsp ^bL$su v$Mpsu _\u.

NyS>fps_u \p`_p `R>u AL$`Z Ahp NyS>fpsu _sp `pep _\u L$ S>Z fp$ue fpS>L$pfZdp dlh_p apmp Apep lpe. fp$ue L$np_p _sp dpfpf v$kpC kyfs\u Q|V$Zu gX$sp lsp, `fsy flsp lsp sp dybCdp S>. 1957\u sAp L$_p fpS>L$pfZdp Qpep Nep A_ `R>u NyS>fps dpV$ sp MphpC S> Nep. fpebfgu\u Q|V$pep `R>u fph Np^uA fpebfgu_u S> L$pep`gV$ L$fu lsu Ahy 10 V$L$p L$pd `Z dpfpf v$kpC kyfs L$ NyS>fps dpV$ L$fu iep _lpsp. kyfs_u k|fs bv$ghp dpV$ rb_NyS>fpsu Ar^L$pfu Ak. Apf. fph_u S>$f `X$u.

ApS> Apeps L$fgp Ag. L$. AX$hpZu_ NyS>fps Q|V$u_ gpL$kcpdp dpL$g R> A_ AX$hpZu Nl ^p_ b_ R>. NyS>fpsdp vy$L$pm `X$ R>, `|f Aph R>, ^fsuL$` \pe R> epf NyS>fps_p NyS>fpsuAp_p ds\u Q|V$pegp AX$hpZuA NyS>fps dpV$ NyS>fpsuAp dpV$ iy L$ey A `|R>hp_u dv$p_Nu cpS>`_p L$pC _spdp _\u. A_ h^y vy$:M_u hps A R> L$ dp L$ _p rsr_r^ NZpsp AMbpfpdp `Z _\u. AX$hpZu sp NyS>fpsu `L$pfp_ dmspe _\u.

L$piufpd fpZp NyS>fpsdp\u Q|V$pegp, Akg NyS>fpsu, L$rb_V$ L$np_p L$ue ^p_ R>. Ap L$piufpd fpZp qv$ludp lpe R> epf Ad_ L$rb_V$ ^p_`vy$ Ap`_pfp rkr_ef _spAp_p D`L$pf_p v$hp sm AV$gp b^p v$bpegp lpe R> L$, buS> sp W$uL$, `pgdV$dp `Z NyS>fps_p _p qhi bpgsp Ad_ ifd_p ifX$p `X$ R>. NyS>fps_p lphp_u, NyS>fpsu lphp_p L$pgk\u sAp kss `uX$psp lpe Ad gpep L$f R>. Akg dp^htkl kpgL$u_u S>d. bpakdpdg fph Np^u_u BS>s bQphhp dpV$ dp^htkl kpgL$uA V$`pgu_u c|rdL$p cS>hu A_ `L$X$pC Nep. dpV$p cpN_p L$pNkuApA Ad_ Nfd sv|$fu L$bpb_u S>d `X$sp d|L$u v$u^p. NyS>fps_p fpS>L$pfZu_ R>pS> A fus kpgL$u hjp ky^u L$pQgpdp `yfpC Nep. gNcN r_h \C Nep. v$uL$fp cfs dpV$, `psp_u l_ydp_c[s_u qL$ds `Z sAp kpr_ep `pk\u hk|g L$fu iep _l]. Ad_u S>epA rblpf L$ Df v$i_p fpS>L$pfZu lps sp iy L$fs? ^prsep_u L$pR>X$u KQu L$fu_ L$pNk `n_u bW$L$dp `N W$pL$u_, `gp L$pNm_u epv$ A`phu_ L$ls L$ : ldpf bbhp L$p `pV$ v$s lp L$ _pl] ? kL$pafk b|ghphy L$p?

S> dN_cpCAp A_ R>N_cpCAp, ggycpCAp A_ `Sy>cpCAp_ NyS>fps_p NyS>fpsuAp Q|V$u_ qv$lu_u ks_s `f fpS> L$fhp dpL$g R> A_ Ap dN_cpCAp, R>N_cpCAp, ggycpCAp, `Sy>cpCAp qv$lu_u Npv$u `f Npv$u_iu_ \ep `R>u buSy> b^y sp W$uL$ fgh bS>V$dp NyS>fps_ ky`fapV$ V$__y AL$ h^pfp_y V$i_ `Z A`phu iL$sp _\u. ddsp b_f S>hu hpOZ sp W$uL$, fpdrhgpk `pkhp_ S>hp gN|fp `Z NyS>fps_p `Sy>cpCAp_ k|Osp _\u. ApBg_u fpeV$udp h^pfp L$ h^pfp_u V$_p_u glpZu_u sp hps S> _\u. as gpbp Asf_u V$__p AL$pv$ h^pfp_p V$p`S>_u cuM `Z NyS>fps_p k`|Z AtlkL$ _spAp dmhu iL$sp _\u.

NyS>fps_u blpf, NyS>fps rhi AL$ rdep epg R> L$ NyS>fps A `kpv$pfp_p v$i R>, ipL$plpfu R> A_ AtlkL$ R>. rb_NyS>fpsuAp dp_ R> L$ NyS>fpsdp sp `kp TpX$ D`f EN R>. hpsrhL$sp A R> L$ NyS>fps_u 65 V$L$p hkrsdp Apqv$hpku A_ Nfubu_u fMp _uQ hsp MX|$sp A_ dS|>fp_p kdphi \C e R>. NyS>fps_p L$V$gp _spAp Ap hps fp$ue L$npA L$fu iep R>? L$_u _pZpL$ue klpe A_ rhL$pk epS>_pAp_p gpc NyS>fps L$fsp `b, Df v$i A_ rblpf_ S> dmsp fl R>.

lv$ sp epf \C NC L$ 26du eyApfuA Aphgp ^fsuL$` `R>u AL$ AN kpdreL$dp AL$ A\ipuA L$pC `Z ifd hNf gey L$ ^fsuL$`_ L$pfZ L$A NyS>fps_ klpe_u dpV$u fL$d Ap`hp_u L$pC S>$f _\u. NyS>fps_ š klpe_u fL$d Ap`hpdp Aphi sp rblpf A_ Apqfkp S>hp `R>ps fpep_ _yL$kp_ \i. dlpfp$dp š ^fsuL$` \ep lpe A_ dlpfp$_ A`psu klpe dpV$ L$pC Aphu L$pdV$ L$fhp_u tlds L$f sp as bpm W$pL$f S> _l] bu 100 dlpfp$ue_p `nue hpX$pb^u c|gu_ A A\ipu_ A\ A_ ip Ad b__u epep _hkf\u iuMhpX$. NyS>fpsdp iy \ey? cpS>`, L$pNk, byqhpv$uAp, kdpS>ipuApdp\u L$pC$A AL$ guV$u_p `Z rhfp^ _p^pep _l]. 65 V$L$p\u h^y NyS>fpsuAp R>gp 500 hj\u dpkplpfu R> spe NyS>fpsuAp v$pm-cpsMpD NZpe R>.

L$dp L$pNk_u kfL$pf lpe L$ cpS>`_u, NyS>fps_u \su kss AhNZ_p `R>u `Z pv$riL$ `n_ Al] kamsp dmsu _\u. Qud_cpC `V$g_p qL$dgp` `n lpe L$ iL$ftkl hpOgp_u fp$ue S>_sp `pV$}. Al] hpL$ NyS>fps_p dsv$pfp L$ _p _\u. pv$riL$ `n_p fQqesp_u v$p_s_u N^ Ad_ Aphu NC lpe R>. Ad_ Mbf lpe R> L$ R>hV$ Ap L$lhpsp pv$riL$ `qfbmp_y ee sp L$pNk kp\_p rhgu_uL$fZ_y S> lpe R>. NyS>fps_u A L$d_kubu R> L$ bpm W$pL$f, Qpbpby _peXy$, L$fyZpr_r^ L$ Ad.. fpdQ_ S>hp pv$riL$ R>sp Arcdp_u _spAp A_ dep _l]. Ap _spAp_u OZu b^u bpbsp rhi rhhpv$ lpC iL$, `fsy Ad_p pv$iprcdp_ rhi L$pC rhhpv$ _\u.

ApS> NyS>fps_p Apr\L$ `pV$_Nf NZpsp kyfsdp R>gp L$V$gpe hjp\u `pguk L$rdi_f rb_NyS>fpsu R>, eyr_rk`g L$rdi_f rb_NyS>fpsu R>, eyr_hrkV$u_p hpBk Qpkgf rb_NyS>fpsu R>, gV$f rb_NyS>fpsu R> A_ \pX$p hjp `lgp sp def `Z rb_NyS>fpsu lsp. A_ A def (krhsp ipfv$p) eyr_rk`g L$p`pfi_ sfa\u gMpsp iycR>p L$pX$ `Z rlv$udp gMsp lsp. sd sprdg_pXy$ L$ dybCdp Aphu L$`_p L$fu iL$p?

ApS> NyS>fps_p dpV$p cpN_p ilfpdp `pguk L$rdi_fp rb_NyS>fpsu R>, eyr_rk`g L$rdi_fp rb_NyS>fpsu R>, gV$fp rb_NyS>fpsu R>. Aphp Ar^L$pfuAp kdn S>C_ L$pC NyS>fpsu cpjpdp hps L$f sp Z h]R>uA X$M dpep lpe Ad Ar^L$pfuAp R>mu EW$ R>.

kyfs _L$ Aphgp lfpdp L$cL$p, Ap.A_..ku., Akpf, qfgpek A_ Ag. AX$ V$u. S>hp dpV$p DpNpdp 80 V$L$p L$dQpfuAp rb_NyS>fpsu R>. S> NyS>fpsuAp_u S>du_p lpkg L$fu_ Ap dpV$p dpV$p DpNp_u \p`_p \C R> Ad_p Ofdp bL$pfp_u gpB_ R>. NyS>fpsuAp_ _pL$fu Ap`hp_p hQ__y bp`uch_ \C Ney R> A_ R>sp AL$`Z NyS>fpsu _sp_u KO lfpd \su _\u.

fp$ue L$npA NyS>fps L$V$gp hX$ gpk q$L$V$fp, lpL$u gefp, V$r_k gefp, Ly$subpš.... Apep? fp$ue L$np_u q$L$V$dp NyS>fpsdp\u S> q$L$V$fp `kv$ \pe R> A dpV$p cpN hX$pv$fp_p A_ kpA kp V$L$p rb_NyS>fpsu lpe R>. hX$pv$fp_u q$L$V$ V$ud_p L$pQ kyp rb_NyS>fpsu R>.

fp$ue L$npA ApS> NyS>fps_y kprle ep R>? QL$ps bnu A_ d^y fpe S>$f kdpS>_y Npfh R> `Z sAp lh _hy iy L$lhp dpN R>? fp$ue L$npA ApS> NyS>fps_p AV$fp ep R>? Qpeτ A_ dp\ `pOX$u `lfu_ d|fM_p kfv$pfp S>hy _e L$fsp NyS>fpsu qad_p D` rhv$uAp A_ _fi L$_pqX$epAp NyS>fps_y Npfh R> L$ ifd? NyS>fps_p L$ep A_ L$V$gp _pV$L$p ApS> dybC_p NyS>fpsu _pV$L$p_u kfMpdZuA `Z ephkpreL$ L$lu iL$pe Ahp R>? Adv$phpv$_u AL$ _pV$L$dX$mu \pX$p hjp `lgp AL$ NyS>fpsu rkqfeg b_phsu lsu epf i|qV$N šhp dpV$ d_ Apdep lsp. S> NyS>fpsu gML$_ ep lz Esep lsp Ad_u BR>p, i|qV$N šhp S>hp_u lsu AV$g dpf S>hy `X$y. i|qV$Ndp d šey L$ rkrfeg_p 42 hj_p r_dpsp, r_v$iL$ lufp bep lsp A_ A_u 40 hj_u `_u_ rlfpC_ b_phu lsu. rkqfegdp b__y `p lsy L$pgS>dp cZsp R>pL$fp-R>pL$fu_y! _hpC Mfu L$ NyS>fpsdp\u v$ris \su NyS>fpsu Q_gpA `Z NyZhphpmu rkqfegp dpV$ dybC sfa _S>f v$pX$phhu `X$ R>?

NyS>fpsu krgrbV$u L$V$gp cpC? `fi fphg, sfgp v$gpg A_ ^ufycpC AbpZu. Qp\y _pd _ dm. b _pdp lsp s b sp Aepf \pZp_u S>gdp R>!

NyS>fps_u AL$ Mp_Nu AN dped_u L|$g_p r[k`pg_ d V$rgap__u qX$fV$fu_ "qX$i_fu' L$lsp kpcep R>. A_ c|gdp _l] A MfMf dp_sp lsp L$ V$rgap__u qX$fV$fu_ qX$i_fu S> L$lhpe! NyS>fps_p NyS>fpsu v|$fv$i_ `f gML$p Ar_u c$ A_ reL$ps `fuM_u AL$ S> dygpL$ps, Z drl_p_p kdeNpmpdp 11 hMs fug \sp d šC R>. "ard_p qdk B[X$ep L$pV$V$'dp cpN g_pf kyfs_u rTbp S>hu KQu eyhsu_ AN_p kph kpv$p khpgp kdS>hp dpV$ vy$cprjep_u dv$v$ gsp d šC R>. _p, AN AphX$sy _ lpe sp vy$cprjep_u dv$v$ ghpdp L$C MpVy$ _\u. Al] hps A R> L$ A bl_bp AN dped_u L$pgS>dp cZ R>! _dv$p epS>_p bpbs V$pf V$uhu `f Afy^su fpe kpd Ncuf qX$bV$ lpe epf `funpdp Qpfu L$fsp rhp\}_u S>d l\mu `f TuZp TuZp Anf gMgp dypAp Q|`L$uv$u\u hpQu gsp NyS>fps_p kpkv$ azg NpfqX$ep_ d šep R>. r_v$pj NpfqX$ep_ AV$gu `Z Mbf _lpsu L$ V$uhu `f_u qX$bV$dp cpN gsu hMs L$pNm `f dypAp gMu S>hp A Ncuf Ny_p b_sp _\u! NyS>fpsdp ApS> N_p AL$ `Z NyS>fpsu _sp Ahp _\u L$ S> AMrgs AN L$ rlv$udp V$uhu `f L$ lf dQ `f\u, `psp_p v$gugp-rhQpfp apk\u fS|> L$fu iL$. Al] sp _hu `fZgu hlz_u S>d ldip ifdpC_ O|dV$p spZu fpMsp L$piufpd fpZpAp A_ dp^htkl kpgL$uAp R>. A\hp sp _f dpv$u S>hp Qu`uQu`u_ bpgsp _spAp R> S> rbQpfp Aepf `psp_p hs__ c|gu_ `n_ X|$bsp bQphhp qv$lu\u L$pBbsyf hQ v$pX$pv$pX$u L$f R>.

NyS>fps_u A[dsp? A hmu L$C bgp R>?

(rdp, sd iy dp_p R>p? NyS>fps_u A[dsp S>mhpC R>? NyS>fps_u Nrs Nh ghp S>hu R>? Ap`_p rhQpfp S>Zphhp Al] [gL$ L$fp.)

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