7 dpQ, 2001

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    lpd`S> & dyhuV$pBd & N`k`
A_ b lp\, b `N, b ApM, b L$p_ A_ AL$ _pL$ R>.

s X$f`pL$ `Z R>. s_u kpd hpv$p Aphu e sp Apl bp` f.

s `psp_u s_ v$kdp\u b L$ Z dpk Ap` R>.

s_pdp Apdrhpk_p Acph R>. s fpS> EW$ R> epf s_pdp NcfpV$ lpe R> L$ ApS> sp b^y bfpbf Qpgi.

gpL$p_u hpl hpl s_ blz Nd R>, Ap_v$ Ap` R>.

`Z sZ L$v$u huL$pey _\u L$ s ky`fV$pf R> L$ lsp...

Ap R> Ardspc bQ_ Ardspc rhi.

qad vy$r_epdp sZ kp\u h^y _pV$L$ue Y$b afu hpf gpL$resp lpkg L$fu R> A hps_u Z s_ `fhp S> _\u. s sp ApMu hps S> _L$pfu L$pY$ R>. S> Jdf L$gpL$pfp L$qfef_ fpdfpd L$fu_ Apfpd L$fhp_u sepfu L$fsp lpe epf Ardspc `ps 30_u Jdf lsp s_p L$fsp h^y L$pd L$fu fp R>.

AL$ ip `f\u bu L$pe$ddp A_ L$pe$ddp\u qad_p i|qV$Ndp es flsp Ardspc Ap b^p dpV$ S>i L$p_ Ap` R>? _kub, qL$ds, S>_sp, dpsp-r`sp_p Apiuhpv$ A_ lp, L$buku Ndip_p ApL$jL$ apdV$_.

Apdp `psp_p L$pC apmp _\u Ahy sd_ d_phhp Ardspc d\i.

"L$buku_u kamsp dpfp L$pfZ _\u. Ardspc bQ__p L$pfZ _\u. lz rlv$u bpgy Ry> AV$gp dpV$ _\u. dpfu rlv$u L$C blz _v$pf _\u. _p_`Z\u S> bpgy Ry> Ahu S> rlv$u R>. dpfp L$fspe kpfy rlv$u bpg_pfp R>. `fsy sd_p ipdp S> L$CL$ bfpbf _ lphp\u s Qpep _\u.'

"L$buku_u gpL$resp_y L$pfZ s L$pe$d_y `psp_y h$` S> R>. rhv$idp `Z s_ gpL$resp dmgu R>. kNus, kV$, gpBqV$N s b^pdp s_u AL$ `V$_ R>. A\u S> lz L$lz Ry> L$ L$pCA `Z lpV$ L$ep lps, Ap L$pe$d gpL$re bep lps. dpfp dpV$ sp Ap Apf AL$ L$pd S> R>.'

"dpf iy L$fhp_y R> s b^y S> d_ kdhhpdp Aph R>. Al] Ecp flp, Aphy `|R>p. ApV$gu hMs `|R>hp_y L$ gpL$ qL$ep e, ApV$gu hMs `|R>hp_y L$ L$p[aX$V$ hNf... dpfy `psp_y e[sh sp as epf S> Aph R> epf lz cpN g_pf kp\ \pX$u hpsQus L$fu gJ Ry>. AV$g Ap Ardspc bQ__p fpg _\u... Ahy sd dp_sp lp sp sd c|gp R>p.'

"Aepf lz V$pf kp\ AL$-b hj dpV$ L$fpf\u b^pegp Ry> AV$g Ap L$pf_p L$ Ae Nd ip lz _ L$fu iLy$. `fsy lz Ae V$uhu L$pe$d L$fu iLy$ Ry>. `Z Aepf sp s dpV$ kde _\u. `fsy lp, L$pC fkv$ Apaf li sp lz S>$f rhQpfui.'

Ardspc bQ_ cg _ huL$pf L$ L$bukudp s_p L$pC apmp _\u. V$pf_p lfua kp_u V$uhu_p kuBAp Ly$Zpg v$pkNysp h^y kpfu fus s hps Z R>. sAp L$l R>, "Ardspc sp Cf L$fspe dlp_ R>.' kp_u V$uhu_p R>`f apX$ L$ L$pe$d_ v$k_u Av$f_y V$uApf`u fqV$N ps \ey R> epf L$buku_u gpL$resp V$uApf`udp b ApL$X$pdp bpg R>. Ardspc_ L$C Adsp ky`fV$pf _\u NZhpdp Aphsp.

"sd `L$pfp dpfp _pd_u ApNm Aphp rhijZp gNpX$p R>p s d L$v$u huL$pep _\u. epfe _l]. d epfe dpey _\u L$ lz ky`fV$pf Ry>. lz AL$ kpdpe, ku^pkpv$p Bkp_ Ry>. lz `Z A S> v$pg A_ Qphg MpJ Ry>. L$pd J Ry>. d_ L$pC AL$ `pdp b^bkhp S>Zphpe R>. lz A L$pd L$fy Ry> A_ gpL$p s_p hMpZ L$f R>. s dpV$ kp_p Apcpf. šL$ hMpZ _ L$f sp lz h^y Apcpfu \Ci.'

"`fsy š S>_sp Ad dp_su lpe L$ lz ky`fV$pf Ry> sp `R>u lz L$pZ sdp hpv$ L$f_pf? lz s_p Apv$f L$fy Ry>. ApdApv$du_ lz `kv$ `Xy$ sp dpfy _pd \C e, sd_ _ Nd sp lz Msd \C J. kpQu hps sp A S> R>. sd `|R>p R>p L$ gpL$p d_ ApV$gu KQpCA d|L$ R> s bpbs lz L$C fus kcpmu iLy$ Ry>? `Z dpf ip dpV$ kcpmhu šCA?'

"šL$ lz A hps _L$pfu L$pY$sp _\u L$ d_ hpl hpl _\u Ndsu. dpfu ikp d_ Nd R>. L$pC `Z L$gpL$pf s_ S> fus g s fus S> lz gJ Ry>... s_p\u blz pkpl_ dm R>. sd_ huL$pfhpdp Aph s blz S>$fu R>. sdpfp L$pd_p S>i dm s S>$fu R>. AL$ L$gpL$pf ldip gpL$p_y ep_ MQhp d\sp lpe R>.'

"A\u gpL$p dpfp L$pd_ `kv$ L$f epf ldip kpfy gpN R>. L$d L$ sd_ kspj dm R> L$ sd S> L$fu fp R>p s_p\u dp sd S> _l] bu `Z Myi R>. ApS> ky^udp d_ S> L$pC dey R> s gpL$p_ gu^. AV$g S> lz afu gpL$re bep Ry> s_ lz gpL$p_p d S> Nτ Ry>.'

"`Z lz dpfu gpL$resp_ kdhu iLy$ sd _\u. š lz kdhu iL$sp lps L$ kd iL$sp lps sp d dpfp h_dp L$pC MpVy$ `Ngy gu^y _ lps. d ldip epe L$pd S> L$ey lps, š d_ apeygp_u Mbf lps...'

Ardspc_u Ap hps MpV$u _\u. sZ L$v$d MpV$u qv$ipdp dpX$p `Z lsp. Ardspc bQ_ L$p`pfi_ rgrdV$X$ \p`u, `Z s_y v$hpmy _uL$mu Ney. fph Np^u_u v$psu_ L$pfZ fpS>L$pfZdp T`gpey, `Z s s_ cpf `X$u Ney lsy. Agplpbpv$dp\u 1984dp kkv$ke sfuL$ Q|V$pep lsp, `Z \pX$p hMs `R>u fp_pdy Ap`u v$u^y lsy.

`pR>gu Jdf afu qadpdp Aphhp_y _$u L$ey epf Aepe qadp A_ c|rdL$p `kv$ L$fu A_ s_p L$pfZ dS>fkpb krls_u qadp gp` NC.

Aphu r_amspAp dmu epf Ap ky`fV$pf NcfpC Nep lsp? d|TpC Nep lsp? Apdrhpk Nydphu v$u^p lsp? lspi \C Nep lsp?

"lz L$v$u lspi \ep _\u. lspi \hp\u iy apev$p? dpfp Apdrhpk L$ šidp L$v$u ApV$ _lpsu Aphu. s_y L$pfZ A L$ dpfpdp L$v$u Apdrhhpk lsp S> _l]. lz fpS> khpf Ny epf d_dp aaX$pV$ lpe R>. ApS> lz kV$ `f iy L$fui Ad lz rhQpfsp lpJ Ry>. L$bukudp ApS> iy \i Ahu tQsp lpe R>.'

"`lgp `Z dpfpdp Apdrhhpk _lpsp. ApS> `Z _\u. bk lz fpS> khpf EWy$ Ry> A_ L$pd `f J Ry>. dpfu L$pd L$fhp_u fus Aphu S> R>. sdpf fpS>fpS>_u sepfu L$fhp_u. sdp QY$ph-Dspf Aphsp S> fl.'

"lz dpfp bpby (rlv$u L$rh lqfhifpe) L$l R> sdp dp_y Ry>. d_ L$p lp sp AR>p, _p lp sp epv$p AR>p. Ndsy L$pC L$pd \ey sp blz kpfy, _ \ey sp h^y kpfy.'

"Ap b^y sp Cf_u L$`p\u R>. s Ap`Zu `pk S> L$pe L$fphi s epfe MpVy$ _l] lpe. sdpfu kpd kdep Aph sp sdp epL$ sdpfy cgy S> li. v$pMgp sfuL$ lz š Ad dp_sp lps L$ lz S> L$pC L$fy R>y s bfpbf S> R> sp dpf h^y dyL$guAp `Z cpNhhu `X$u lps. AV$g d bp^`pW$ gu^p R>. dpfp A_ychpdp\u lz iuep Ry>. A\u S> dyL$guAp dpV$ sp lz Cf_p Apcpfu Ry>. d_ s_p kpd_p L$fhp_u i[s Ap`hp bv$g s_p Apcpfu Ry>.'

"v$pMgp sfuL$ dpfu L$`_u dp\ S> v$hy lsy s d Q|L$hu v$u^y R>. lh lz Abu L$p`_ afu bW$u L$fhp_u sepfudp Ry>. sdp d_ (ifv$gpg) L$s_ `pfM dv$v$ L$fu fp R>. sd_ gpN R> L$ Ap AL$ epe fpL$pZ R>. dpfy L$pd dl_s L$fhp_y R> S>\u sAp L$lu iL$ L$ sd_y d|X$ufpL$pZ hk|g R>.'

"dpfu kp\ dpfu S|>_u V$ud lh _\u. lz AL$gp S> Ry>. A_ lp, lz L$pC kpfp rbT_kd_ _\u. `Z lz e_ L$fui. epk L$fhp dlh_p lpe R>.'

"fpS>L$pfZdp lz dpfu `psp_u df\u Nep lsp. lz sdp\u blpf `Z dpfu dm S> Aphu Nep. bpak_ L$pfZ dpf fp_pdy Ap`hy `X$y lsy Ahy _lpsy. lL$uL$sdp A AL$ epNp_yepN S> lsp L$ d fp_pdy Apey s_p bu S> qv$hk s LpcpX$ blpf Apey lsy.'

"L$pNk BR>su lsu L$ lz fp_pdy _ Ap`y. d fp_pdy _ Apey lps sp Apn`p_p kpd_p L$fhp h^y klgp `X$s. `fsy d_ gpey L$ fp_pdy Ap`u v$hy h^pf DrQs NZpi A_ AL$gp lp\ S> gX$u giy.'

"lz dlpdp Np^u, S>hplfgpg _lfy, gpg blpvy$f ipu, kycpjQ bpT S>hp _spAp dpV$ Apv$f ^fphy Ry>. lpg_p _spApdp dygpedtkl epv$h, QiMf, AV$g rblpfu hpS>`eu, Ag. L$. AX$hpZu hNf R>.'

"lL$uL$sdp lz OZp hjp `lgp AV$g_ dep lsp epf sAp kkv$ke lsp. sAp bpby_u L$rhspAp_p QplL$ R>. sAp OZu hpf sd_ dmhp dpV$ Aphsp lsp. Aepf lz kfL$pf rhi S> dp_y Ry> s dpfp ANs Arcpe R>. lz s_ lf L$fhp_y `kv$ _l] L$fy.'

"fpS>L$pfZdp dpfp rdp_u hps L$fy sp (kdpS>hpv$u `n_p _sp) Adftkl dpfp _p_p cpC S>hp R>. ApS> lz S> `Z L$pC Ry> s sd_ L$pfZ Ry>. šL$ fpS>L$pfZdp sp lz fph Np^u_ L$pfZ Apep lsp. lz ApS> `Z Np^uLy$Vy$b_p rd Ry>.'

Ardspc A_ fph S|>_p v$psp lsp s hps kpQu R>, `Z lh bQ_ A_ Np^uLy$Vy$b_u v$psu flu _\u Ahy dp_hpdp Aph R>. kpr_ep Np^uA AL$ V$uhu BV$feydp L$y lsy L$ Np^uLy$Vy$b_p kp\u _L$_p rdpdp "Ardspc bQ_ sp _\u S>.'

"A hps kpQu `Z R>, š sAp Ad dp_sp lpe sp. sdpf kpr_ep Np^u_ S> `|R>hy šCA L$ kpQu hps iy R>. Adpfu hQ L$pC sL$gua R> L$ _l]. dpfu hps L$fy sp dpfp Of_p v$fhp kpr_ep dpV$ ldip Mygp R>.'

Ardspc_p v$uL$fp ArcjL$ Aepf sp rlv$u qadp_p v$fhp MV$MV$phu fp R>. fey qad\u sZ kpfu i$Aps L$fu, `Z s `R>u sfp vy$ Qg Nep A_ Y$pC Anf d L$ Qpgu _\u. Ardspc dp_ R> L$ i$Apsdp Aphp kOj L$fhp_p S> lpe R>.

"Ap L$pC klgp dpN _\u. sZ l sp Oτ L$fhp_y Ry>. lz dp_y Ry> L$ s_pdp ndsp R>. s_pdp AL$ e[sh R>, iespAp R>. `fsy sZ Ahu epe e[sAp kp\ L$pd L$fhy `X$i S> s_u i[sAp_ blpf gphu iL$. Ahp rX$fV$f šCA S> s_y Nmy `L$X$u_ lQdQphu_ kpfy L$pd L$Y$ph.'

"Aepf s L$V$gpL$ kpfp pS>V$ L$fu fp R>. k|fS> bX$ep kp\ A_ s_p _p_`Z_p rd NpX$u blg kp\. A\u L$pCL$ kpfy `qfZpd Aphhp_u Ad_ Apip R>. _l] sp ep ky^u epe `qfZpd _ Aph ep ky^u sZ dl_s L$fsu flhp_u R>.'

"lp, Ad s_u qadp šCA R>uA. sZ ep ky^pfp L$fhp_u S>$f R> A_y ep_ v$pfsp lpJ Ry>. s_p hpm, L$`X$p... L$pC S>epA s_u dyhdV$ bfpbf _ lpe, L$pC Aki_ blz gpDX$ lpe, cpjp bfpbf _ lpe...'

"s_u rlv$u dpV$ Ad S> S>hpbv$pf R>uA Ahy Adpf L$b|ghy šCA. d A_ S>epA s_ _p_u Jdf [hV$TfgX$ A_ AdqfL$p cZhp dpL$gu v$u^p lsp. AV$g s_ MfMf rlv$u iy R> s iuMhp_p L$v$u dpL$p S> _ dep. hL$i_dp s dybC Aphsp epf s rlv$u iuMsp, `Z A sp AL$v$d Sy>v$u S> rlv$u R>.'

"dpfu sp BR>p lsu L$ sZ qadp i$ L$fsp `lgp Df v$idp bQpf drl_p flhy S>\u s rlv$u bfpbf kd iL$. `fsy Ahy \C iey _l]. A_ lh sp s L$pddp es \C Nep R>. dpfu v$uL$fu sp `Z R>. sd_ Mbf R> Adpfp Qpfdp s S> kp\u kpfu Arc_u R>.'

"`Z sZ epfe _ L$y L$ s_ qadp L$fhp_u BR>p R>. buSy>, lh sp s_p g_ `Z \C Nep R>. v$uL$fu sp `pfLy$ ^_. AV$g lh s_ qadpdp Aphhy lpe sp s_p `rsA _$u L$fhp_y R>. Adpfp s_p `f_p Ar^L$pf sp L$epv$p_ Apey epf\u S> `|fp \C Nep.'

Ardspc ApS> `Z AV$gp S> es R>. s dpV$ s kšNp_ S>hpbv$pf NZph R>. šL$ s huL$pf `Z R> L$ eyhp_udp `psp_y S> šd lsy s i[s lh _\u. Ad `Z L$l R> L$ bk dp Apfpd L$fhp_p lpe sp `Z `psp_ Nd.

Ardspc_ ApS> ky^udp epfe `psp_p L$pC ipM `|fp L$fhp_p kde dep _\u. ldip s es S> fp R>. šL$ AL$ V$h sZ L$v$u R>pX$u _\u. s fpS> dybC_p OZp b^p AMbpfp šC e R>, rlv$u, dfpW$u, NyS>fpsu A_ H[gi. Ap b^u cpjpdp s r_Zps _\u, `Z s_p epk ie AV$gu h^y dprlsu dmhhp_p lpe R>.

s Qp, L$pau L$ ifpb _\u `usp, ^|d`p_ _\u L$fsp A_ ipL$plpfu cpS>_ g R>. Apgy, v$pg, Qphg A_ tcX$u s_ re R>. `Z L$l R> L$ s_ fp^sp rbgLy$g _\u AphX$sy. Q|gp `f s_ as `pZu Nfd L$fsp AphX$ R>.

s L$pd S>sp `lgp dpspr`sp kp\ hps L$f R> A_ L$pd\u `pR>p afu_ `Z. `_u S>ep kp\ `Z A S> fus S>sp `lgp Aphš L$lu_ _uL$m R>.

"S>ep OZu hpf kV$ `f `Z Aph R>. s blz tldshp_ R>. lz S>ep_u S>d V$S> `f L$pd _ L$fu iLy$. d blz hMs `lgp AL$ hpf epk L$fgp. `Z s sp Bsf hr_u S>d. v$iL$p_u kpd S> ssp `f hs Arc_e Ap`hp A L$`_p `Z d_ sp X$fph. lz s dpV$ knd _\u. V$S> sp dlp_ Av$pL$pfp dpV$ R>.'

"dpfy NSy> _l]. qadpdp dpf Qpf L$ `pQ\u h^y gpB_p epv$ fpMhp_u _\u lpsu. qfV$k_p s apev$p R>. V$S> `f sp hps S> Sy>v$u R>. AOfu hps R>.'

S>ep_ L$pfZ Ardspc_p h_dp L$pC `qfhs_ Apey R> Mfy?

Ardspc kpQy `|R> R> L$ Ahp `qfhs__u S>$f iy R>?

"`Z dpf bv$gphy šCA Ahy sd ip dpV$ dp_p R>p? ip dpV$? dpf bv$gphp_u S>$f _\u, pai_gu L$ e[sNs fus. lz v$k L$ huk hj `lgp lsp Ahp S> ApS> Ry>. v$k hj `R>u `Z lz Aphp S> lpCi.'

"_p, dpfp qL$kpdp L$pC dlp_ `qfhs__u q$ep b_u _\u. lz (v$uhpfdp) rhS>e_p fpg L$fu fp lsp epf d_ _pfpeZ iL$f (dlpbs)_p fpg dep lps sp `Z d Ap S> fus s L$ep lps. as A fpg d_ ApS> dep AV$gp S> saphs R>. s hMs rhS>e_p fpg dep. A S> AhpS> R>, A S> ifuf R>, A S> Qlfp R>. Mpk L$iy _\u.'

"d_ kpfu `V$L$\p, kpfp qX$fV$fp, Nm Esf shp `pp dep R>. dpfp `psp_p apmp i|e R>. dpfu S>epA L$pCA `Z Aphy S> kpfy L$pd L$ey lps. lz S> L$pC Ry> s dpfp L$pd_ gu^. sd_ gpL$p_ dpfp L$pddp fk lphp šCA, dpfpdp _l]. sd gpL$p dpfy L$pd šhp dpV$ `kp Ap`p R>p, d_ _l].'

"lz dp_y Ry> L$ sd h^y L$pd L$fp sd sd_ h^y A_ych dm R>. s_p\u sdpfy L$pd h^pf kpfy \pe R>. šL$ v$fL$ `p L$fhp dpV$ dl_s L$fhu `X$ R>. ipfuqfL$ A_ dp_rkL$. Ap blz \L$phu _pM_pfy L$pd R>. sdpfp fpg bfpbf _ Qpep s_p Aakpk L$fhp\u L$pC apev$p _\u. h_dp Ahy Qpep S> L$f. sdpf A_ huL$pfhy S> fy.'

Ardspc L$l R> L$ QY$phDspf sp huL$pfhp S> fp. sZ `Z A S> fus huL$pep R> L$v$pQ. `Z iy MfMf Ardspc AL$ kpdpe dpZk S> R>? Ardspc `ps cpf`|hL$ L$l R> L$ AL$ AgN e[sh R>, S>_pdp `Z kpdpe dpZkdp lpe s dpZ Apdrhpkdp QY$phDspf Apep L$f R>, S> kde kp\ bv$gpe R>, A_ychdp\u iuM R>.

`fsy ApdApv$du Ardspc_u KQpCA _\u `lpQu iL$sp. kph aL$pC Nep `R>u Ardspc_u S>d `y_fpNd_ _\u L$fu iL$sp. s_y _pd Abu_u S>d QgZu rk$p _\u b_u iL$sy.

"dpfp r`spA dpfy _pd Ardspc fpey lsy. Ardspc bQ_. ^ Ardspc bQ_ _l]. sdZ L$pC dpfy _pd ^ Ardspc bQ_ fpey lsy? _p.'

"AV$g lz L$pC v$sL$\p _\u, lz L$C v$pMgp$` _\u, lz L$C Apv$id|rs _\u, lz L$pC `|S>hpgpeL$ _\u, lz Cf _\u.'

ApgM : kusp d__
BV$fey : iugp c$, eprs iygp, kusp d__

qX$TpB_ : gu_V$ d_Tuk

Ap gM Ap`_ L$hp gpep?



rhij hpQ_ :
L$pgrdV | qfqX$a X$pefu | kk L$p_f | srbes | dyhuV$pBd | NysNy | TV$`V$ fkpC | V$pfuV$pBd |
Anfp NTg fX$u-fL$_f | _V$fqX$ep | R>gp 50 hjpdp.. | dpshv$_p | oprshpv$ | `ephfZ | dygpL$ps